Logan, the name of five counties in the United States.
I. A S. W. County Of West Virginia, bordering on Kentucky, and drained by the Guyandotte and the Tug fork of Sandy river; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,124, of whom 102 were colored. The surface is uneven and the soil generally good. Iron and coal are abundant in the highlands. The chief productions in 1870 were 135,273 bushels of Indian corn, 7,957 of Irish and 3,523 of sweet potatoes, 6,296 lbs. of wool, and 29,182 of butter. There were 589 horses, 1,376 milch cows, 2,539 other cattle, 4,505 sheep, and 3,381 swine. Capital, Arracoma.
II. A S. W. County Of Kentucky, bordering on Tennessee, and drained by branches of Green and Cumberland rivers; area, 478 sq. m.; pop in 1870, 20,429, of whom 5,723 were colored. The surface, resting on cavernous limestone, is finely diversified and well timbered, and the soil fertile. It contains a number of ancient artificial mounds. The Louisville and Nashville railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 255,049 bushels of wheat, 931,666 of Indian corn, 140,927 of oats, 18,036 of Irish and 23,937 of sweet potatoes, 2,707,571 lbs. of tobacco, 30,833 of wool, and 172,001 of butter. There were 4,807 horses, 2,618 mules and asses, 3,357 milch cows, 3,992 other cattle, 11,865 sheep, and 29,583 swine; 4 manufactories of agricultural implements, 11 of carriages, 2 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 3 of woollen goods, 3 tanneries, 3 currying establishments 7 flour mills, 4 saw mills, and 3 wool-carding and cloth-dressing establishments. Capital, Rus-sellville.
III. A W. Central County Of Ohio, drained by the Miami river and its branches; area, 425 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,028. The surface is moderately rolling or level, and the soil fertile. The Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis, and the Cincinnati, Sandusky, and Cleveland railroads pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 544,-126 bushels of wheat, 803,782 of Indian corn, 159,630 of oats, 56,333 of potatoes, 207,486 lbs. of wool, 34,671 of flax, 452,813 of butter, and 23,837 tons of hay. There were 7,439 horses, 5,586 milch cows, 10,280 other cattle, 54,479 sheep, and 20,753 swine; 11 manufactories of furniture, 21 of carriages, 9 of clothing, 10 of cooperage, 2 of machinery, 13 of saddlery and harness, 8 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 4 of woollen goods, 6 tanneries, 5 currying establishments, 12 Hour mills, and 14 saw mills. Capital, Bellefontaine.
IV. A Central County Of Illinois, intersected by Salt creek and drained by Kickapoo and Sugar creeks; area, 529 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,053. The land is level and fertile. It is intersected by the Chicago and Alton railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 239,019 bushels of wheat, 37,232 of rye, 4,221,640 of Indian corn, 490,226 of oats, 130,015 of potatoes, 30,448 lbs. of wool, 482,755 of butter, and 31,297 tons of hay. There were 12,204 horses, 1,615 mules and asses, 6,319 milch cows, 14,312 other cattle, 7,776 sheep, and 47,437 swine; 4 manufactories of brick, 19 of carriages, 13 of clothing, 2 of machinery, 14 of saddlery and harness, 1 of sash, doors, and blinds, 7 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 2 breweries, 10 flour mills, and 3 saw mills. Capital, Lincoln.