Preparation Of Food For The Sick And Convalescent. Mush

Oatmeal Mush

Coarse oatmeal should also be cooked like rolled wheat. If desired warm for breakfast, can be left in a granite or porcelain farina boiler over night, and heated in a few minutes. Do not soak oatmeal over night, nor try to cook it sufficiently in the morning. It must never be stirred while cooking. Fine oatmeal can be made in a mush like Indian meal and be ready for the table in twenty minutes. T. T.

Indian Meal Mush

Take fine meal of Northern corn and a little salt; stir slowly in boiling water until it is as thick as can be stirred easily. Stand it on back of the stove and cook slowly one hour. Is better cooked in a milk boiler. I.I.

Graham Mush

Stir graham flour in boiling water slowly until it makes a thick batter. Set on the back part of the stove ten minutes, then beat two minutes and turn into the dish. To be eaten with fruit juice or sugar and cream. P.

Gruels

How To Make Gruel

The following is an excellent recipe: Pour one quart of hot water into a clean earthen or tin vessel over a brisk fire; when it boils, add two large tablespoonfuls of corn or oatmeal; mix it smooth in just water enough to thicken it; put a small lump of butter into the water and when melted, add the meal and stir for about one-half hour; then add a teacupful of sweet milk, and when it boils again throw in the upper crust of hard-baked bread cut into small pieces; let it boil some time and add a little black pepper, a little salt, a pinch of grated nutmeg, a little more butter and a teaspoonful of French brandy. The butter, spices and brandy should be omitted when the case is a serious one. Nurse.

Water Gruel

Two tablespoonfuls of corn or oatmeal, one quart of water; boil for ten or fifteen minutes and add sugar or salt, if desired by the patient.

Q. Riggins.

Rice Gruel

One heaping tablespoonful of ground rice, one-half teaspoonful of ground cinnamon, one quart of water; boil slowly for fifteen or twenty minutes, add the cinnamon near the conclusion of the boiling; strain and sweeten. R. S.

Flour Gruel

Rub one heaping tablespoonful of flour to a thin paste with three tablespoonfuls of cold water and stir it into a pint of boiling milk; cook ten minutes; season with salt; strain if necessary and while hot stir in the beaten white of one egg. The egg may be omitted if preferred.

Mrs. C. Mitchell.

Sago Gruel

Take two tablespoonfuls of sago and add one pint of water. Boil till it thickens, stirring frequently. Wine, sugar and nutmeg may be added.

Doctor John.

Oatmeal Gruel

Take a tablespoonful of oatmeal and mix smoothly with a little cold water. Pour on it a pint of boiling water, stir it well, then let it stand a (See Page 247.) few minutes to settle. Pour it back very gently into the saucepan, so as to leave undisturbed the sediment at the bottom of the gruel. Let it simmer, stirring occasionally and skimming carefully. Sweeten and flavor with wine and spice, or grated ginger, or, if preferred, a little salt only may be put in. Dry toast or biscuits may be served with it.

Mrs. Allured.

Ventilation - Sewerage - Drinking Water

Every woman should look well to the ventilation of the home; see that every chimney is unstopped and during the daytime that every window in every unoccupied room is thrown open.

My firm belief is, that if more attention were paid to thorough ventilation fevers would be an almost unknown disease. The cooping-up system is abominable; it engenders all manner of infectious and loathsome diseases, and not only engenders them, but feeds them, and thus keeps them alive. There is nothing wonderful in all this, if we consider, but for one moment, that the exhalations from the lungs are poisonous. The lungs give off carbonic acid gas (a deadly poison), which, if it is not allowed to escape must be breathed over and over again. If the perspiration of the body (which in twenty-four hours amounts to two or three pounds!) is not permitted to escape from the apartment, it must become foetid - repugnant, sickening, and injurious to the health. The nose is a sentinel and often warns its owner of approaching danger!

Sleeping Rooms

The bedroom ought, if practicable, to be large and airy. Particular attention must be paid to the ventilation. The door and the windows ought in the daytime to be thrown wide open, and the bedclothes should be thrown back, that the air might, before the approach of night, well ventilate them. Pure air and a frequent change of air is quite necessary.

The bed must not be loaded with clothes, more especially with a thick coverlet. If the weather is cold, let an extra blanket be put on the bed, as the perspiration can permeate through a blanket when it cannot through a thick coverlet. The knitted, for the summer, are the best, as they allow the perspiration from the body to escape; and the eiderdown, for winter, are light, warm, and ventilating.

It is a marvel how some people, with four or five blankets, and with a thick coverlet on the bed, can sleep at all; their skins and lungs are smothered, and are not allowed to breathe, for the skin is as much a breathing apparatus as are the lungs themselves.