AT a meeting of the Middlesex County Agricultural Society, Capt. John B. Moore gave the following account of his experience in planting vines and raising grapes .

Aspect of the lot, a very slight inclination to the south; soil, light sandy loam, underlaid with a hard red gravel, full of cobble stones. In the year 1864 the wood was cut from the land, which had formerly been used as a rye field for many years, and was composed of a small growth of pitch-pine, white-birch and scrub-oak. After the wood was removed, the land would not have sold for more than $15 per acre.

The brush was burned and the lot ploughed as well as possible when full of scrub-oak roots and stumps, and then planted for two years, principally with melons and squashes, and manured in the hill only.

In the spring of 1867 I planted on this lot five hundred Concord grape vines one year old from the cutting, which have been trained on large stakes; also two hundred more of the Concords, and two hundred Hartford Prolific vines, which have been trained on a wire trellis. The Hartford Prolific vines were nearly ruined by the last two severe winters ; although laid down and covered with soil, the tops came out all right in the spring, but the roots were mostly killed or injured by the severe freez-ing. I shall be obliged to remove most of them and plant Concords in their places: When these vines were planted, in the spring of 1867, there had not been any manure applied to the soil, except the manure in the hills for melons and squashes, before mentioned, and which is the only manure that has been used on this lot up to the present time, except what I shall mention hereafter, in connection with the straw-berries raised between the rows of vines.

At the time of planting the vines, the ground was ploughed, harrowed, and made as fine and level as the remaining stumps and roots would allow, and then carefully planted in straight rows, ten feet apart, and seven from each other in the rows, where stakes were to be used to support the vines; between the rows I planted two rows of strawberries, which were allowed to run into beds. In the spring of 1868, the edges of these beds were trimmed, which left two beds three feet wide with a path on each side of them; from three beds I sold, in 1868, a little over $400 worth of berries and plants, and the only manure or fertilizer that was applied to them was a lot of ashes from a pile of stumps, gathered from the same lot, burnt, and spread where the strawberries were to be planted, and two hundred pounds of superphosphate of lime sowed in the spring of 1868. In July of the same year, as soon as the crop of strawberries were gathered, the entire beds were ploughed under. Since that time there has been no crop raised between the vines.

These vines have certainly been grown without animal manure, and I might say, almost without any manure; still, I would not have it understood that I would not use any manure, for I certainly should, if in my judgment the vines needed it. What the grape-grower must have to produce the best crop of fruit, is a medium sized, short jointed, solid and well ripened wood; excessive manuring does not give that, but rather a coarse, long jointed, immaturely ripened, soft, spongy wood; the first will produce an abundance of fruit of good quality; the last, less fruit and later in ripening; perhaps I should say that withholding manure would apply more particularly to the strong growing varieties, such as the Hartford, Concord, Diana, and most of the Rogers.

'Five hundred of these vines are trained on stakes, two arms and two stakes to each vine; one arm is coiled around each stake, and spur pruned with rather long spurs, as the two buds nearest the old wood are very often only leaf buds, and would not give fruit. This is the case with the Concord, more particularly than with other sorts. The rest of the vines are on wire trellis, and are intended to spread out as evenly as possible over the trellis; in pruning, I cut out a large portion of the old wood every year, and lay in new canes in its place. From these vines there were gathered one hundred boxes, of forty or more pounds each, or two tons of grapes, which were sold in Boston as soon as gathered, at from twelve to thirteen cents per pound, in bushel boxes, without any particular packing.

I regard the grape as more certain to produce a crop than any other fruit we grow. During the last ten years there have been only two seasons in which the crop has not matured very well under good cultivation, and those (1867 and 1868) were only partial failures. Even in 1868 I averaged as high prices as the present year, although the fruit was not nearly as good in quality. Could that be said of any other fruit ? It does not require much, if any manure, which is so much needed for the other crops on the farms; and to be a success it only requires ordinary skill in selecting the soil and planting good, strong, healthy vines, of some well tried variety like the Concord, which is the only kind I have found profitable. I have about exhausted the nurserymen's catalogues, and have been disappointed with many new kinds, coming highly recommended and costing high prices.

A wire trellis, with good posts, well set, and three strands of the best galvanized wire, No. 13 costs about $3.50 for one hundred feet in length ; the same length with stakes would cost according to the size of the stakes; if they cost three cents each with setting, it would be $1.12 for one hundred feet; if seven cents each, for very large ones, $2.24for one hundred feet; it requires much more time and labor to prune, tie and take care of vines on a trellis than on stakes. Which will produce the most or best fruit in the end, is the question to be solved. I have only tried a trellis five years; so far, one is as good as the other, as far as cropping is concerned, with, as I have said before, a great difference in favor of the stakes, in the amount of tying, pruning and care.

Grape Culture #1

A CORRESPONDENT, whose locality is some three miles above Washington, on the Potomac river, communicates the following to the Department of Agriculture. One thousand vines were planted in the spring of 1866 - one-half Concord, and the balance other sorts:

"1 procured first class vines, and planted them with great care, as follows: Selected ground sloping to the southeast and east; plowed it from eight to ten inches deep, harrowed it fine, and planted in rows eight feet apart both ways; set an eight-foot stake at each plant, and mixed with the soil, about the roots, one quart of ground bone and a shovelful of old, well-decomposed stable-manure; pruned the roots, also cut the top or vine back to three or four buds; and when the buds had grown from one to two inches, rubbed off all but one, the strongest; trained that to the stake by tying and pinched off at second leaf all lateral shoots, thus concentrating the growth in the one cane; gave them clean cultivation.

"The next February, when there was no frost in the wood, I cut it back to three or four buds of that year's growth, and let only two buds grow; trained and managed these two canes the same as the one the year before. During the following February I cut the two canes back to three and a half feet long, removed the stakes, and built a trellis over each row, in the following manner: I set eight-foot cedar posts half way between each vine, commencing with one set four feet from each end of the rows, and nailed to these posts white-pine strips full one inch thick by four inches wide, the first one foot above the ground, and the second four feet above that from lower edge to upper edge; then nailed to these strips good white-pine laths, nine inches apart. I then tied the canes, on the two-arm system, to the lower bar; trained and tied the shoots from these canes to the trellis.

"Each shoot bore this year from three to four bunches of grapes; pinched each shoot off at from three to four leaves above the last bunch of grapes, and as it grew again, pinched it off at second leaf; and so on to top of trellis. When the clusters ripened, I was well repaid by the beautiful sight they presented. Both bunches and grapes were very large and perfectly formed. I readily sold the entire crop at fifteen cents per pound on the vine. Some of the vines yielded fifteen pounds each, and as beautiful and perfect as those grown under glass. My success attracted attention. Many enterprising fanners and citizens of Washington came to see my vineyard, and pronounced it the finest, as to growth of wood, foliage and grapes, and as to training, trellis, etc., they had ever seen. The Concords surpassed all other varieties in all the desirable qualities. Having occasion, several weeks after my grapes had been disposed of, to visit Central New York, I found many Concords grown there just in the market, but they were much inferior in point of perfect maturity, flavor and sweetness.

"The crop of last season was the fifth I have grown, and was the largest; and although the average price realized was but about half that received for the first crop, it amounted to over $800 per acre, or about $700 net. I am annually enlarging my vineyard, which now comprises about six acres; expect to enlarge it to ten next fall. The soil and sub-soil prove to be perfectly adapted to the growth of the grape, being composed of about equal parts of sand, loam, and clay, and containing considerable quantities of mica, with a sub-soil of rotten rock, into which the grape-roots penetrate several feet. It is also just porous enough to absorb the rains; consequently no draining is required."