books

previous page: Standard Practical Plumbing | R. M. Starbuck
  
page up: Construction and Plumbing Books
  
next page: The Building Code Of The City Of Boston | by Building Department

Questions And Answers On The Practice And Theory Of Sanitary Plumbing | by R. M. Starbuck



In presenting to the plumbing fraternity successive editions of "Questions and Answers," the author has endeavored to keep pace with the advancement that is constantly being made, and to make each edition of greater value to his readers than the preceding edition has been. The original purpose to present the subject in as concise and brief and practical a manner as possible is still followed.

TitleQuestions And Answers On The Practice And Theory Of Sanitary Plumbing
AuthorR. M. Starbuck
PublisherThe Smith-Linsley Co.
Year1906
Copyright1906, R. M. Starbuck
AmazonQuestions and Answers on the Practice and Theory of Sanitary Plumbing

Eighth edition Revised and Enlarged

Including Many Valuable Rules and Formulae and "Tricks of the Trade."

By R. M. Starbuck, Hartford, Conn. Author Of "Questions and Answers on the Practice and Theory of Steam and Hot Water Heating." "Modern Plumbing Illustrated." "Hot Water Circulation Illustrated." "Mechanical Drawing for Plumbers." "The Starbuck Plumber's Estimate Book." "The Starbuck Examination Charts." etc.

Questions and Answers On the Practice and Theory of Sanitary Plumbing
-Preface
In presenting to the plumbing fraternity successive editions of Questions and Answers, the author has endeavored to keep pace with the advancement that is constantly being made, and to make each edi...
-Traps
What is a trap? A trap, as applied to plumbing, is a vessel containing a body of water, the purpose of which is to prevent the passage of sewer gas and foul odors from the sewer or cesspool into the ...
-Traps. Continued
With the ordinary iron sink, having the bell attached to the strainer, what should be done after the kitchen sink has been properly trapped below? The bell of the sink strainer should be broken off, ...
-Counter-Venting
What is a counter-vent? A counter-vent is a pipe through which a trap is supplied with air. Why should traps be counter-vented? To prevent partial or total syphonage of the trap, and to ventilate...
-Counter-Venting. Continued
What advantage is there in returning the main vent pipe into the stack below the lowest fixture? It makes the work rigid and allows any scale or rust from the pipe or condensation to pass off, thus p...
-Soil Pipe And Drainage
What is the distinction between soil and waste pipes? Properly speaking, soil pipe is pipe into which the water closet discharges, and waste pipe that into which the waste from other fixtures is carr...
-Soil Pipe And Drainage. Part 2
What are the proper weights of lead pipe permissable? Different cities establish their own weights. The following is a list of weights that are desirable. Supply. Waste. 1/2 in. ...
-Soil Pipe And Drainage. Part 3
Where should clean-outs be placed? At each right angle turn, at the end of each horizontal line, and at intermediate points in long lines of horizontal pipe. What is the least fall that should be ...
-Soil Pipe And Drainage. Part 4
How deep should the lead be in the hub of a four-inch soil pipe? About one inch. What is the result of too great depth of lead in caulking a joint? If there is too great depth, caulking will not ...
-Soil Pipe And Drainage. Part 5
How can a stack be caulked when located in a recess? Leave the lower joint on the vertical pipe until the joints above are caulked. This will allow of turning the pipe around. Finally caulk the lower...
-Fresh Air Inlet
What is a fresh air inlet and what is its use? The fresh air inlet is a line of pipe run from the house side of the main trap and opening into the outer air. The use of this pipe is to prevent air lo...
-Water Closets
Name different kinds of water closets that are considered sanitary. The washout water closet, the washdown, syphon, syphon jet, washdown-syphonic action water closets, and lowdown styles. What qua...
-Plumbing For Bath Room
Why is the latter course objected to? In case of a settling of the floor, shrinkage of the wood, or rotting of the floor, a break in the joint and a leakage of sewer gas is liable to follow. ...
-Local Venting
What is a local vent? A local vent is a line of pipe connected at the rear of the water closet and under the seat, for the purpose of carrying off the noxious odors incident to the use of the fixture...
-Solder, Solder Joints, Etc
What is solder? Solder may be called a cement, and is used for joining various metals together, such as tin, copper, lead, etc. Of what is solder, used by plumbers, composed? It is composed of le...
-Solder, Solder Joints, Etc. Continued
What method is followed in purifying solder in which these substances are present? Heat the solder to a high temperature (red hot) and add sulphur. The sulphur combines with these impurities and caus...
-Hot And Cold Water Supply
How high can water be raised by atmospheric pressure? Theoretically, a little more than thirty-three feet, but practically, the friction of the pipes, bends, etc., tends to reduce this height, so tha...
-Hot And Cold Water Supply. Part 2
If street pressure is not sufficient to force water to the top of the house, how can the result be accomplished? By means of the water lift or pumping engine. In running circulation, how should th...
-Hot And Cold Water Supply. Part 3
What causes the chattering frequently heard when a faucet is opened? It is the vibration of some part that is loose within the faucet. Oftentimes it is simply the packing that is loose. Why is the...
-Pumps
Explain the action of the ordinary suction pump. When the pump boxes are raised in the barrel of the pump, they exhaust the air to a certain extent, leaving behind a partial vacuum. When this happens...
-Pumps. Part 2
What is the purpose of the air chamber? The purpose of the air chamber is to destroy the shock on the supply pipes occasioned by the sudden opening and closing of valves. In what way does the air ...
-Pumps. Part 3
Only in what location is the hydraulic ram applicable? Only when the ram can be located below the supply. Is the hydraulic ram economical in the use of water? It is not, and is used generally onl...
-Theory
What is atmospheric pressure? As usually spoken of, it is the pressure exerted by the atmosphere on an area of one square inch, or, in other words, it is the weight of a column of air one square inch...
-Theory. Part 2
How does the expansion of water differ from that of other substances? As previously stated, substances in general continue to expand as long as heat is added, and to contract as long as the heat appl...
-Theory. Part 3
What is condensation? Condensation is the passage of a body from the vaporous to the liquid state. It is the opposite of the action of evaporation. What provisions are made necessary on the plumbi...
-Theory. Part 4
What is capillary attraction? Capillary attraction is the power which liquids have of rising in very small tubes to a height above the level of the liquid in which such tubes are dipped. In what k...
-Theory. Part 5
Why does water take a spiral motion when running? Because in rubbing against the sides of the pipe, it is diverted from the forward motion, while the water in the center of the pipe flows faster, the...
-Theory. Part 6
What should be the relative difference in temperature between the hot and cold particles of water to create a practical circulation? Seven degrees. Explain the bursting of lead pipe by frost. Wat...
-Syphonage
Explain the syphon. The syphon consists primarily of a bent tube, one arm being longer than the other. The syphon is used for transferring liquids from a high point to a lower point. In order to star...
-Miscellaneous
What is a dead end? A dead end is a part of the drainage system that is without ventilation. If the entire plumbing of a house is without ventilation, the entire system may be considered a dead end. ...
-Miscellaneous. Continued
How can hydrogen be produced? Mix one part of sulphuric acid with about five or six parts of water, always pouring the acid into the water, rather than the water into the acid, as there is danger of ...
-Practical Subjects
How would you get at a leak in a lead pipe, if the leak was underneath or on the back side of the pipe? A good way is to set two lamps under the pipe some six feet apart, if possible, and when the pi...
-Practical Subjects. Part 2
How is a rust joint made? With a mixture of the following proportions: 5 lbs. iron filings, 1 oz. salammoniac, 1 oz. sulphur; mix first dry, and thin with water. How To bend copper pipes. Plug th...
-Practical Subjects. Part 3
How would it be possible to shut off the flow of water in a pipe which was not supplied with a stop cock? This result might be attained by freezing the water in the pipe at such point as it was desir...
-Practical Subjects. Part 4
How To pour a wet joint on soil pipe. Occasionally it becomes necessary to pour what is termed a wet joint. When this occurs, get the joint as near tight as possible by driving home the oakum. Then p...
-Practical Subjects. Part 5
How To repair a leak in a lead pipe where the water cannot be wholly shut off, and there is no pressure. A little back of the point where the joint is to be made, prick a slanting hole through the pi...
-Practical Subjects. Part 6
How To make a cup joint on horizontal pipe. Cut the pipe off on a slant and swedge out one end, enough to let the opposite end drop into the cup. Then with a sharp pointed soldering copper, a good cu...
-Practical Subjects. Part 7
How To repair leak on range boiler. On this work it is much better to make the joint inside the boiler. Ream out the hole where the leak is, removing any inside bur. Next lower a string into the boil...
-Recipes
How To keep plaster of Paris from setting too quickly Sift the plaster into the water, allowing it to soak up the water without stirring, which would admit the air, and cause the plaster to set very ...
-Plumbing Questions
What is continuous venting? Several examples of continuous venting are shown in illustration on page 123. It consists, as shown in No. 1, of connecting the outlet from the trap directly into a vertic...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 2
How may a cleanout be attached to an S bath trap so that it will be accessible from the bath room without the removal of flooring? Such a cleanout is shown in No. 5 in the illustration on page 105. ...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 3
How is the waste from a line of urinals disposed of? A common practice is the use of slate urinals, provided with perforated flush pipes which continually wash the surface of the slate, the flush ent...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 4
How may large bodies of sewage be handled by means of the automatic sewage lift? By connecting a number of these lifts together, they may be made to handle many hundreds of gallons per minute. Wha...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 5
In installing the Durham system, what course is followed regarding underground piping? All underground piping must be of cast iron with calked joints, for the reason that the wrought iron or steel pi...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 6
Explain the action of the sewage syphon. This is a device made in several patented forms, all working somewhat on the same principle. The syphon is connected to the discharge chamber of the septic ta...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 7
Why does smoke rise in a chimney? Because the air in passing over the fire becomes heated and therefore lighter, consequently rising, and carrying the smoke with it up through the chimney. Why is ...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 8
What is meant by a blind vent? It sometimes happens in the plumbing of houses in places that are not subject to plumbing ordinances and inspection, that unscrupulous workmen will carry the vents from...
-Plumbing Questions. Part 9
What provision is now made in many cities to handle rain water and other surface waters in such a way that they may not have to enter and overload the public sewage system? This is accomplished by in...
-Plumbing Rules
To find the contents of a square tank: Multiply length, breadth and height in feet together; the result by 7.4; this will give the number of gallons in the tank. Or multiply the length, breadth and he...
-Plumbing Rules. Part 2
A Safe Rule Showing the number of burners allowed on different sizes of gas pipe and the length of different sizes allowed: Size of Pipe. Length Allowed. No. of Burners. 1/2...
-Plumbing Rules. Part 3
Capacity Of Drain Pipe Under Different Amounts Of Fall GALLONS PER MINUTE. Size of Pipe. 1/2 in. fall per 100 ft. 3 in. fall per 100 ft. 6 in. fall per 100 ft. ...
-Plumbing Rules. Part 4
Table Showing Pressure Of Water At Different Elevations Feet Head. Equals Pressure per Square Inch. 1 43 5 2.16 1O 4.33 15 6....
-Examination Questions
1. Why is a trap placed under each fixture? 2. What is a trap? 3. Name some of the principal traps in use. 4. What is meant by the trap seal? 5. What is the ordinary depth of a trap seal? 6. What...
-Questions and Answers On the Practice and Theory of Sanitary Plumbing
(8th Edition - 1907) A Book Full Of Information On All Kinds Of Plumbing Work It contains many practical Rules, Receipts, and Tricks of the Trade Few books relating to the Plumbing Trade are prac...
-Questions and Answers On the Practice and Theory of Sanitary Plumbing. Continued
Note The proper handling of circulation work comes largely from experience, and Hot Water Circulation Illustrated we claim as The Result of 35 Years' Experience with this class of work. Price, Po...







TOP
previous page: Standard Practical Plumbing | R. M. Starbuck
  
page up: Construction and Plumbing Books
  
next page: The Building Code Of The City Of Boston | by Building Department