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Sloyd: Educational Manual Training | by Everett Schwartz



The object of this book is to give to teachers a complete system of work, based upon purely educational principles, extending from the kindergarten through the high school; a system that has been tried with success in some of the best schools, and pronounced most excellent by leading educators of the country; a system, too, that the best educated mechanics consider sound and practical as well as progressive. Moreover, it is a system that will set teachers to thinking and inventing for themselves; and, while it will give them an opportunity to learn how to make correctly with tools the models preparatory to teaching, it will cause them to see the vital connection between the Manual Training and the other school work.

TitleSloyd Educational Manual Training
AuthorEverett Schwartz
PublisherEducational Publishing Company
Year1893
Copyright1893, Educational Publishing Company
AmazonSloyd
-Preface
The object of this book is to give to teachers a complete system of work, based upon purely educational principles, extending from the kindergarten through the high school; a system that has been trie...
-Introduction
In the preparation of a system of manual training, the educator should have for his end and aim the educational value of the work. He should also know, and come in such close contact with other school...
-Part I. - Paper Work
Example No. 1. - Have the children sit squarely in their seats, both feet on the floor. Have them hold up their right hands, left hands, the index finger of right and left hands. Have them touch with ...
-Model No. 1. Wall Pocket
Example No. 5. - Now put the model, which is a wall-pocket, where all can see it, and without direction have them fold their papers as the folding is done in the model. Have the worsted cut to th...
-Model No. 2 - Windmill
Place the paper in position. Exercise No. 7. - Place the ruler from back right to front left corners, and draw the diagonal. Draw the other diagonal. (Teach here that the square is now divi...
-Model No. 3. - Cylinder Wall Pocket
Show the model. Bisect the right and left edges and join these points with a line. (Teach here the oblong.) Bisect the right and left edges of the front oblong, connect with the ruler these point...
-Model No. 4. - Cubical Match-Safe
Bisect all edges of the paper. Exercise No. 10. - Bisect all halves of edges. (Teach here quadrisecting and opposite points). Join with lines all opposite points. (Teach from the...
-Model No. 5. - Oblong Comb-Case
Have the pupils examine the model, teach the oblong, its faces, etc., and its relation to the cube. Let a number of them go to the board and draw the shape as it would appear if unfolded. Be sure...
-Model No. 6. - Triangular Wall-Pocket
Present the model. Teach here the triangular prism, and have the pupils, by measuring, see that the sides of the triangular ends are equal. Exercise No. 11. - Draw on the board a square, const...
-Model No. 7. - Square Box
Present model. Have pupils obtain measurements from the model, draw diagram, cut away the corners, fold and sew without dictation. ...
-Model No. 8. - Square Box
Bisect right and left edges and find center of square. Open the dividers 3 1-2' and with the center of the square as a center inscribe a circle. With the same point as a center inscribe a 4 circ...
-Model No 9. - Cone Pin-Holder
Find center of square, open dividers 3 1-2 , from the center inscribe a circle and draw a diameter to the circle from right to left, using points. Unfold the model and have them cut, fold and sew...
-Model No. 10.Triangular Pyramid Catch-All
(Present model and then unfold, to show that all sides and the large triangle of which they are composed are equilateral triangles.) On the left edge of the square and 1' from the front left corner, p...
-Model No. 11. - Square Pyramid Waste-Holder
From the center of the square inscribe a 7 circle. Draw a right and left diameter to the circle. Open the dividers equal to the radius of the circle. Exercise No. 13. - Place the dividers at ...
-Model No. 12. - Hexagonal Box
From center of square inscribe a 4 and 7 circle. By placing points in the right and left sides of smaller circle, divide the circumference into two equal parts, and from these points construct ...
-Model No. 13 - Octagonal Box
Exercise No. 14. - From center of square inscribe a 4 and 7 circle. Divide the circumference of smaller circle into two equal parts, with points in the right and left sides. Open the dividers 1...
-Model No. 14. - Twelve-Sided Basket
From center of square inscribe a 4 and 6 circle, indicate ends of horizontal and vertical diameters by points as in the octagon. Open the dividers equal to the radius of larger circle and from ...
-Part II. Card-Board Work, Fundamental Forms And Modifications
Tools and material needed. - A drawing board; some rulers, pencils, erasers, shears and dividers, as were used in the paper series; as many sharp-pointed shoe knives as there are pupils: one-half doze...
-Model No. 1. - Cube
Present a cube to the class, and develop the idea of its form when unfolded, as with the cube in the paper series. This series of models being entirely closed on all sides, it is necessary that the...
-Model No. 2. - Square Prism
Bisect the back edge of paper. Place a point on the left edge four inches from the back left corner. Place a point directly opposite on the right edge. Place a point midway between points. Th...
-Model No. 3. - Triangular Prism
With chalk dividers construct upon the black-board an equiangular triangle, upon a given line, by means of arcs. Directions for drawing diagram: Bisect the back edge of the paper. On the le...
-No. 4.- Square Pyramid
Place the paper so that the long edges will be parallel with the front edge of the desk. Bisect the back edge of the paper; four inches from this point, directly towards the front edge, place a point;...
-No. 5.- Triangular Pyramid
Place paper so that the long edges will be parallel with the front edge of desk. Bisect the front edge of paper.: three inches from this point and directly towards the back edge of paper place a point...
-Model No. 6. - Hexagonal Prism
Place paper so that the long edges of paper will be parallel with the front edge of desk; bisect the back edge of paper; two inches from this point and directly in front, place a point; with this...
-Model No. 7. - Hexagonal Pyramid
Place paper so that the long edges of paper will be parallel with the front edge of desk; bisect the back edge; four inches directly in front of this point, place a point; with this point as a ce...
-Model No. 8. - Rhombic Prism
Place paper so that the short edges of paper are parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge of paper; place a point two inches directly in front of this point; with this point as a center, ...
-Model No. 9. - Octahedron
Place paper so that the long edges shall be parallel with the front edge of desk; bisect the back edge of paper; four inches directly in front place a point; with this point as a center draw a th...
-Model No. 10. - Pair Of Steps
Place paper so that the short edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge; four inches directly in front of this point place a point; with this as a center draw a two inch...
-Model No. 11. - Pentagonal Prism
Place the paper so that the long edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge, two inches from this point and directly towards the front edge, place a point; this point sha...
-Model No. 12. - Pentagonal Pyramid
Place paper so that the long edges shall be parallel with the front of desk; find the center of paper; with this point as a center, draw a two and one-half inch circle; draw its vertical diameter...
-Model No. 13. - Crystal Form
Place the paper so that the short edges shall be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge; four inches in front of this point place a point; this shall be the center of a six inch ho...
-Model No. 14. - Octagonal Prism
Place paper so that the long edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge; place a point directly in front of it; with this point as a center draw a six inch horizontal lin...
-Model No. 15. - Rhombohbdeon
Place paper so that the long edges shall be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the left edge; bisect the right edge; connect points of bisection; on this line four inches from the left end p...
-Model No. 16. - Isoscehedron
Place paper so that the .short edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the right and left sides; join opposite points; three inches from the left end of this line place a point. Thi...
-Model No. 17. - Frustrum Of Square Pyramid
Place paper so that the long edges shall be parallel with the front of the desk; bisect the back edge; four inches in front of point place a point J with this as a center, draw a four inch circle...
-Model No. 18. - Pentagonal Dodecahedron
Place paper so that the short edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge; six inches from this point, directly towards the front, place a point; this shall be the center ...
-Model No. 19. - Greek Cross
Place paper so that the short edges will be parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge; two inches directly in front place a point which shall be the center of a one-inch horizontal li...
-Model No. 20. - Cylinder
Place the paper so that the long edges are parallel with the front of desk; bisect the back edge, and place a point four inches directly in front of it which shall be the center of a three inch h...
-Model No. 21. - Cone
Place the paper so that the long edges are parallel with the front of desk; find the center of paper; with this point as a center draw a four-inch circle, and a four and one-half inch circle; pla...
-Series No. II. Useful Articles In Cardboard
The object of this series is to place in the hands of teachers, - who cannot obtain permission, time, place, tools or material for teaching wood-work, - a series of Manual Training lessons that may be...
-Series III. Tools And Material Needed
A good quality of straw board, three or four times as thick as a postal-card; some leatherette paper for the outside covers of the portfolio, music-roll, card-cases, boxes, etc.; some prettily figured...
-Series IV
The work embodied in this series of models is the most important of all to the pupil. Eleven years is about the average age of pupils who are able to begin it, but it would not be right to say that al...
-The Work
With this particular work, the possibilities for all around development are greater than in any other form of Manual Training, therefore it is the best form for public school work. In it there are a g...
-The Tools
The knife is the tool with which more articles can be made than with any other, hence a greater number of exercises can be performed with it. It is also more universally known and used than any other ...
-Material
It has been found through years of experience and careful observation that wood is best adapted for work in Manual Training for pupils in the upper Grammar grades. It can be easily obtained, it offers...
-The Room
Many ask if this kind of Manual Training can not be taught in an ordinary school-room, and the work done on a common school desk. This, however, is not practical. A special room on the lower floor ...
-The Models
The teacher in Manual Training should consult with the teacher in design, and be careful that the models from which the pupils work are articles of real worth, beautiful in shape. Many practical perso...
-Marking
This is one of the most difficult tasks that a teacher has to perform. It is sometimes hard to decide how to mark. The teacher is supposed to know, all the time, the quality and amount of work that is...
-Lectures And Reference Books
The teacher's work should by no means be confined to teaching the use of tools and making models. The lectures that he gives should interest his pupils in the study of the history of tools, and the na...
-General Hints
Never try to help a pupil by doing his work for him. A period of two hours twice a week will keep the class interested and the hand will not forget from one period to another. The benches and to...
-1. Glove Mender
Full Size. Model No. 1. - Glove Mender. Prepare for the class pieces of wood 1 wide, and 8' long sawed from a 7-8 board. On one of the 1 sides, which should be marked No. 1, draw a line,...
-2. Seed Stick
Full Size. Model No. 2. - Seed Stick. Prepare pieces of wood 1 wide and 10 long, sawed from a 7-8 board. Make an oblong 17-32 x 9 1-16, using the plane on the side faces and the kni...
-3. Round Flower Stick
Full Size. Model No. 3. - Round Flower Stick. Prepare pieces of wood 3-4 wide and 15 long, sawed from a 7-8 board. With the use of the knife and proceding as in model No. 1 cut the st...
-4. Letter Opener
Full Size. Model No. 4. - Letter Opener. Prepare pieces of wood 1 1-4 wide by 9 long, sawed from a 3-4 board. Plane to an oblong 7-16 x 1 1-16 x 9, using the marking gauge for line...
-5. Square Flower Stick
Full Size. Model No. 5. - Square Flower Stick. Have the pupils saw from a 7-8 board a piece 3-4 x 15. Plane this piece to an oblong 13-32 x 15. Square both ends with saw and knife maki...
-6. File Handle
Full Size. Model No. 6. - File Handle. Cut from a 7-8 board a piece 1 x 1. Plane this to an oblong 13-16 x 7. With the use of the tenon-saw and knife cut this to an oblong 13-16 x 5 1...
-7. Key Label
Full Size. Model No. 7. - Key Label. Cut from a 1-2 board a piece 2 1-4 x 7, and from this prepare an oblong 13-32 x 2 1-32 x 6 1-32. Draw the plan upon one of the sides of the wood...
-8. String Winder
Full Size,. Model No. 8. - String Winder. Have the pupil cut from a 1-2 board a piece 4 1-8 x 4 1-8. Plane to size 13-32 x 4 x 4. Draw a line through the middle of this piece parallel ...
-9. Round Ruler
Full-Size. Model No. 9. - Round Ruler. Have the pupil cut from a 7-8 board a piece 1 x 13 and from this prepare an oblong 13-16 x 13-16 x 12 1-64. Quadrisect all edges of both ends an...
-10. Paper Knife
FuLL size. Model No. 10. - Paper Knife. Have the pupil cut from a 1-2 board a piece 2 x 11. With the use of axe, plane, tenon-saw and knife prepare an oblong 9-32 x 1 9-16 x 9 1-8. Pl...
-11. Hone
Full Size. Model No. 11. - Hone. Have the pupil cut from a 3-4 board a piece 1 3-4 x 16. Prepare from this an oblong 9-16 x 1 9-16 x 1.3 1-16. Draw plan upon two opposite sides of woo...
-12. Lemon Squeezer
Model No. 12. - Lemon Squeezer. Have the pupil cut from a 1 3-8 plank an oblong 21 x 2 3-4. Prepare from this two oblongs 1 5-16 x 2 9-16 x 10 1-8 using smoothing-plane on ends. Draw the...
-13. Pen Tray
Pull Size.. Model No. 13. - Pen Tray. Have the pupil cut from a 7-8 board a piece 9 1-2 x 2 3-4. Prepare from this an oblong 13-16 x 2 9-16 x 9 1-32, using block-plane on ends. Transf...
-14. Cutting Board
Half Size. Model No. 14. - Cutting Board. Cut from a 7-8 board a piece 10 1-8 x 15 1-2. Prepare from this an oblong 9-16 x 10 1-16 15 1-16. Place drawing upon the board, and bore hole...
-15. Flower Pot Rest
Full Size Model No. 15. - Flower Pot Rest. Cut from a 1-2 board a piece 1 1-4 x 11. Plane to a width of 17-32, to a thickness of 13-32. Cut this cross-wise into two equal parts. Place ...
-16. Sugar Scoop
Full Size. Model No. 16. - A Sugar Scoop. Cut from a 2 plank a piece 3 x 10. Prepare from this an oblong 1 13-16 x 2 13-16 x 9 9-16. Draw plan upon two opposite sides of wood. Cut aro...
-17. Clothes Hanger
Half Size. Model No. 17. - Clothes Hanger. For back piece prepare from a 7-8 board an oblong 13-16 x 3 9-16 x 16 1-16. Transfer plan drawing. Bore holes with auger bit. Cut around lines...
-18. Dish Drainer
Half Size. Model No. 18. - Dish Drainer. For slats prepare from a 7-8 board an oblong 25-32 x 4 x 18 1-32. With marking gauge, beginning at one of the long edges, mark off 1-4 spaces u...
-19. Towel Roller
Half. Size,. Model No. 19. - Towel Roller. For roller prepare an oblong 1 5-16 x 1 5-16 x 15 3-4 . Draw diagonals on both ends. Quadrisect all edges on both ends and join opposite points ...
-20. Sponge Rack
Half Size. Model No. 20. - Sponge Rack. For slats prepare an oblong 25-32 x 4 x 12 1-32 . Proceed with the making of slats as in Model No. 18. For ends prepare two oblongs 13-32 x 4 ...
-21. Blotter
Full Size,. Model No. 21. - Blotter. Prepare for base board an oblong 5-8 x 5 1-8 x 9 1-16. Draw-plan for notch, marking over lines with knife; cut around lines with tenon-saw; cut to li...
-22. Nail Box
Half Size. Model No. 22. - Nail Box. Prepare oblongs for box according to drawing, finishing edges with a jack-plane with the help of a shooting-board; finish inside surfaces with sand-pape...
-23. Stirring Spoon
Full Size. Model No. 23. - Stirring Spoon. Prepare an oblong 1 7-8 x 3 3-4 x 15 1-2 . Draw plan upon opposite sides of wood; cut around lines with splitting and turning-saws; cut to lines wit...
-24. Table Mat
Model No. 24. - Table Mat. Prepare oblongs 5-6 x 1 1-4 x 12 except two side oblongs which should be made 1 3-8 in width. Glue joints; clamp in bench; make and fit wedge, and when dry plane...
-25. Coat Hanger
Half Size.. Model No. 25. - Coat Hanger. Prepare an oblong 1 1-16 x 2 5-16 x 15 17-32; draw elevation upon two opposite sides of oblong; cut to convex lines with spoke-shave; cut to conc...
-26. Ruler
Full Size, Model No. 26. - Ruler. Prepare an oblong 9-32 x 2 1-32 x 15 1-32. Transfer to model, plan drawing and elevation drawing. Plane to lines; finish with sand-paper. ...
-27. Bill Holder
Half Size. Model No. 27. - Bill Holder. Prepare an oblong for base board 25-32 x 6 1-16 x 9 5-16. Transfer plan drawing upon opposite sides; cut around lines with splitting- and turning-...
-28. Book Rack
Full Size. Model. No. 28. - Book Rack. For end pieces prepare two oblongs 9-16 x 4 1-16 x 5 1-16. For pieces that are dove-tailed to end pieces prepare oblongs 9-16 x 2 3-4 x 5 1-16. ...
-29. Mail Box
Half Size.. Model No. 29. - Mail Box. Prepare back board according to drawing. Prepare oblongs for sides and front piece, allowing 1-16 in all dimensions. Prepare dove-tailed joints as ...
-30. Pullely Block
Full Size. Model No. 30. - Pulley Block. Prepare oblong for block; make opening with auger bit, chisel, and rile, working from both sides; curve ends, according to drawing, with spoke-shave...
-31. Knife Box
Half Size. Model No. 31. - Knife Box. Prepare sides and end pieces; prepare end pieces for housing; finish inside surfaces with sand-paper; dove-tail and glue together; finish outside surfa...
-32. Axe Handle
Halfsize. Model No. 32. - Axe Handle. Prepare an oblong. Transfer drawing on opposite sides; transfer drawing upon ends; cut around lines with turning-saw; bevel edges with draw-knife; mode...
-33. Copper Stick
fifth sIze. Model No. 33. - Copper Stick. Prepare oblong and proceed as in model No. 1. Cut to lines with jack-plane. Finish with file and sand-paper. ...
-34. Set Square
Full Size. Model No. 34. - Set Square. Prepare oblong; bore hole with auger-bit; transfer plan drawing; cut to lines with smoothing-plane. Transfer elevation drawing; bevel edge with smo...
-35. Photograph Frame
Half Size Model No. 35. - Photograph Frame. Prepare oblongs for front and sides; transfer drawings: cut around outside with turning-saw: cut around openings with key-hole saw; cut to lines ...
-36. Try Square
Half Size. Model No. 36. - Try-Square. Prepare oblongs accordings to drawings; set off slotting with marking-gauge; cut around lines with tenon-saw; cut to lines with 1-8 and 1-2 chisel. ...
-37. Silver Box
Model No. 37. - Silver Box. Prepare bottom and cover according to drawing; finish with sand-paper. Prepare sides and ends for dove-tailing: allowing 1-16 in all dimensions; make dove-tail joi...
-38. Marking Gauge
Full Size.. Model No. 38. - Marking Gauge. Prepare piece for mortising; set off mortice with marking-gauge; make mortice with 1-4 auger-bit and 1-4 and 1-2 chisel. Prepare piece conta...
-39. Wall Bracket
Model No. 39. - Wall Bracket. Prepare back board according to drawing. Prepare shelf and brackets, using 1-4 gouge and 1 chisel on edges of shelf and the parting-tool for graving on brackets...
-40. Comb And Brush Case
Model No. 40. - Comb And Brush Case. Make back and front board according to drawing-. Prepare, fit, and glue dove-tailed joints. Finish outside with smoothing-plane and sand-paper. Nail, glue ...
-41. Bureau Tray
Half Size. Model No. 41. - Bureau Tray. Make bottom board according to drawing and finish with sandpaper. Prepare side pieces. Make, glue and finish dove-tailed joints. Finish outside...
-42. Ottoman
Model No. 42. - Ottoman. Prepare oblongs for legs. Set off mortice in legs: make mortice with 1-4 auger-bit and 1-4 and 1 chisel; bevel and chamfer legs. Prepare side pieces; set off ten...
-43. Cabinet
Model No. 43. - Cabinet. Prepare base board, side pieces, upper shelf, and partition; do graving on side pieces; glue and screw together base board, side pieces, partition and upper shelf. Mak...
-Analysis Of Models. Series IV
No. Name. Wood. New Tools. New Exercises. 1 Glove-mender. White pine. Knife. Long...
-Series V
The different kinds of work embodied in this series of models, - namely advanced Cabinet work, Wood-carving, Staining, Varnishing, Designing, Drawing, - and the success that has accompanied the experi...
-1. Tool Holder
Full Size Model No. 1. - Tool Holder. New Exercise: - Making cylinder. Tools: - Roughing gouge, smoothing chisel, parting-tool. Wood: - Whitewood, oiled and shellaced. Note: - All sta...
-2. Gimlet Handle
Full Size. Model No. 2. - Gimlet Handle. New Exercise: - Tapering. Tool: - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - Cherry, oiled and shellaced. ...
-3. File Handle
Full Size Model No. 3. - Tool Handle. New Exercise: - Rounding end and fitting ferule. Tool: - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - Maple, oiled and shellaced. ...
-4. Bric-A-Brac
Quarter Size. Model No. 4. - Bric-A-Brac Stand. Piece No. 1. New Exercise: - Making step cylinder. Tool: - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - White wood, oiled, stained black-walnut, and shellaced. ...
-5. Towel Holder
Half Size. Model No. 5. - Towel Rack. New Exercise: - Making convex, elliptical curves. Tools: - Parting-tool, 1-2 chisel. Tool for carving: - Skew-chisel. Wood: - Whitewood, stai...
-6. Window Box
Quarte.R Size. Model No. 6. - Window Box. New Exercise: - Semi-circular concave curves. Tool: - 1-2 Gouge. Tools for cawing: - Parting-tool and skew-chisel, 3-8 gouge. Wood: - Wh...
-7. - Round Ruler
Full Size Model No. 7. - Round Ruler. New Exercise: - Making long cylinder with convex ends. Tools: - Smoothing-, and 1-2 chisels. Wood: - Cherry, oiled and shellaced. ...
-8. Drawing-Board Rest
Full Size Model No. 8. - Drawing Board Rest. New Exercise - Convex semi-circles. Tool: - 1-4 Chisel. Wood: - Whitewood, oiled and .shellaced. ...
-9. - Key Hanger
- Full Size - Model No. 9. - Key-Hanger. New Exercise: - Curving ends to point. Tools: - Gouge, 1-2 chisel. Wood: - Oak, oiled and shellaced. ...
-10. - Stocking Mender
Full Size Model No. 10. - Stocking Mender. New Exercise: - Making large elliptical curves. Tool: - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - Maple, oiled and shellaced. ...
-11. Indian Clubs
Half Size Model No. 11. Indian Clubs. New Exercise: - Making long reverse curves. Tool: - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - Whitewood, stained and finished as in No. 4. ...
-12. Dumb Bells
Full Size. Model No. 12. - Dumb Bells. New Exercise: - Making spherical end. Tools: - Gouge, 1-2 chisel. Wood: - White wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-13. Potato Masher
Full Size Model No. 13. - Potato Masher. New Exercise: - Making large convex ends. Tool; - 1-2 Chisel. Wood: - Maple. ...
-14. Mallet Full Size
Model No. 14. Mallet. No New Exercise. Wood: - Maple, oiled and shellaced. ...
-15. Book Shelves
Quarter Size Model No. 15. - Book Shelves. New Exercises: - Cutting down in short reverse curves. Tool: - 1-4 Gouge. Tools for cawing: - Parting-tool, 3-8 gouge, 1-4 flat gouge, 1-...
-16. Tool Handles
Full Size. Model No. 16. - Tool Handle. No New Exercise. Wood: - Maple. Tool Handle. ...
-18. Paper Holder
half size. Model No. 18. - Paper Rack. New Exercise: - Beading. Tool: - 1-4 Chisel. Tools for carving: - Same as in No. 15. ...
-19. Bread Board
Half size. Model No. 19. - Bread Board. New Exercise in Carving: - Hollowing. Tool: - 1-4 flat gouge, 1-8 gouge, and same as in No. 15. Wood: - Gum wood. ...
-20. Bill File
- Full Size - Model No. 20. - Bill File. New Exercise: - Chuck-Turning. Tool: - Chisel and round-nosed tool. Wood: - Gum wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-21. Pulley Wheel
- Full Size - Model No. 21. - Pulley Block. New Exercise: - Making and fitting box-chuck to turning. Tools: - Round-nosed tool, gouge and chisel. Wood: - Whitewood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-22. Blotter
Full Size, Model No. 22. - Blotter. No New Exercise Wood: - Gum wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-23. Papelr Knife
Full Size Model No. 23. - Paper Knife. New Exercise: - Planing down, turning. Wood: - Gum wood. ...
-24. Pen Holder
Full Size. Model No. 24. Pen Holder. New Exercise: - Carring Cylinder. Wood: - Gum wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-25. Ink Stand
- Full Size - Model No. 25. - Ink Stand. No New Exercise. Wood: - Gum wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-26. Easel
Quarter Size, Model No. 26. - Easel. Test Model. Wood: - Gum wood, oiled and shellaced. ...
-27. - Powder Box & Cover
- Full Size - Model No. 27. - Powder Box. New Exercise: - Fitting Wood: - Black walnut, oiled and shellaced. ...
-28. Napkin Ring
- Full Size - Model No. 28. - Napkin Ring. New Exercise: - Boring and fitting to cylinder for turning. Wood: - Different kinds glued together, oiled and shellaced. Model No. 29. - Butter...
-Series VI. Forging
The work in forging naturally follows the working in wood. It may also, be coexistant with it in the shape of pattern making, which should be preceded by instruction in moulding. The work with the for...
-Equipment For Forge Shop
As many forges as room can accomodate, each forge should have a poker, shovel, sprinkler, hod, and tank with blower attachment for blast, and fan for carrying off smoke, if the draft of a common chimn...







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