Arthur Johnston

Arthur Johnston, a Scottish physician, born at Caskieben, near Aberdeen, in 1587, died in Oxford in 1641. After studying at the university of Aberdeen, he went to Padua, where he completed his education in 1610. He then travelled for some time in southern and central Europe, and resided for 20 years in France. About 1632 he returned to Scotland, and was appointed physician to Charles I. In 1637 he became principal of the university of Aberdeen, but his duties as royal physician requiring his residence at court, the greater part of his subsequent life was passed in England. He was highly esteemed as a Latin poet, his principal works being Parerga et Epigrammata (Aberdeen, 1632); Cantici Salomonis Para-phrasis Poetica (London, 1633); and Para-phrasis Poetica Psalmorum Davidis (Aberdeen, 1637), by many considered equal to Buchanan's version.

Arthur Latham Perry

Arthur Latham Perry, an American political economist, born in Lyme, N. H., Feb. 27, 1830. He graduated at Williams college in 1852, and became in 1854 professor of history and political economy there. He is an advocate of free trade, and has published "Elements of Political Economy" (New York, 1865).

Artlinr Ocomor

Artlinr O'Comor, a leader in the Irish rebellion of 1798, born in 1763, died near Nemours, France, April 25, 1852. He was admitted to the bar in 1788, became a member of the Irish parliament, and made a speech in favor of Catholic emancipation, which so offended his uncle, Lord Longueville, that he disinherited him. Joining the United Irishmen, he became one of their directory of five. HE was twice arrested, and once tried for high treason, but was acquitted. He took up his residence in France, and in 1804 was created by Napoleon lieutenant general, and subsequently general of division. In 1807 he married the daughter of the philosopher Condor-cet, whose works he is said to have edited. He published " Letters to the Earl of Carlisle, in reply to Earl Fitzwilliam's two Letters on the State of Ireland " (1795); " Letters to Earl Camden " (1798); " The Present State of Great Britain" (1804); and a volume against the Bourbons and monarchy in general (1830).

Asa Messer

Asa Messer, an American clergyman, born in Methuen, Mass., in 1769, died in Providence, R. I., Oct, 11, 1836. He graduated in 1790 at Brown university, where he became in 1796 professor of languages, in 1799 professor of mathematics and natural philosophy, and from 1802 to 1827 he was president of the university. He was licensed to preach by the first Baptist church in Providence in 1792, and ordained in 1801. The citizens of Providence for several years elected him to important civil offices. Three of his discourses and five orations have been published.

Ascough Askew

Ascough Askew, or Ayscongh, Anne, an English Protestant lady, a native of Lincolnshire, who was burned at Smithfield, July 16, 1546. Her husband, named Kyme, was a strong Catholic, and turned her out of doors because she embraced the principles of the reformers. She went to London to sue for a separation, and attracted the sympathy of the queen, Catharine Parr, and many of the court ladies. Her denial of the corporeal presence of Christ's body in the eucharist caused her arrest and committal to prison. Burnet says that after much pains she signed a recantation, but this did not save her. She was recommitted to Newgate, and asked to disclose who were her correspondents at court. She refused to reply, though she was racked in the presence of the lord chancellor. As she was not able to stand after the torture, she was carried in a chair to the stake, and suffered along with four others, undergoing this last trial with signal fortitude.