Claudia Quinta

Claudia Quinta, a Roman matron of legen-darv fame. Beincr accused of incontinency, she heard the soothsayers declare that only a virtuous woman could move the vessel conveying the image of Cybele to Rome, which had grounded on a sand bank at the mouth of the Tiber (206 B. C). Coming forward from among the matrons who had gone to Ostia to receive the image, and calling on Cybele to vindicate her innocence, she seized the rope attached to the vessel, which immediately moved from its sandy bed and floated. Her statue was erected in the vestibule of the temple of Cybele.

Claudio Coello

Claudio Coello, a painter, born in Madrid, of Portuguese parents, in 1621, died there in 1693. He excelled both in color and design, and was made painter to Charles II., for whom he executed many works in the Escorial. His chief work is the altarpiece in the sacristy, representing the ceremony of the collocation of the host. His works are numerous in Madrid, Salamanca, and Saragossa.

Claudius Claude De Saumaise (Salmasius)

Claudius Claude De Saumaise (Salmasius), a French scholar, born at Semur-en-Auxois, April 15, 1588, died in Spa, Sept. 6, 1653. In his boyhood he wrote Greek and Latin verses. He completed his studies in Paris and Heidelberg, and became a Protestant. He was invited to Venice, Oxford, and Rome, but preferred in 1632 the university of Leyden, and returned there in 1640 after a visit to Paris, although offered a large pension if he would become Richelieu's biographer. At the instigation of Charles II., then a refugee in Holland, he wrote in 1649 Defensio Regia pro Ca-rolo Primo, which led to Milton's celebrated reply, Pro Populo Anglicano Defensio (1650). In the same year he visited Queen Christina of Sweden, but returned in 1651 to Leyden. His most important work is Plinianoe Exerci-tationes in Solinum (2 vols. fol., Paris, 1629; new ed., Utrecht, 1689).

Claudius Drusus Nero

See Drusus.

Claudius Jacquand

Claudius Jacquand, a French painter, born in Lyons in 1805. He early became known by historical and genre pictures, and settled in Paris in 1838, where he married a daughter of Count de Forbin-Janson. Among his principal works are "Charlemagne crowned as King of Italy," "The Chapter of Rhodes," and others in the museum of Versailles. His fine picture of " The Mayor of Boulogne refusing the Capitulation of Henry VIII." is in the town hall of that city; and another of his most remarkable works, representing "St. Bonaventura declining a Cardinal's Hat," is in the Luxembourg. His latest productions include "Dante at Rome" and "Guy of Arezzo and his Pupils" (1868).

Claudius Tiberius Nero

See Claudius Nero, Tiberius.

Claus Harms

Claus Harms, a German theologian, born at Fahrstedt, Holstein, May 25, 1778, died in Kiel, Feb. 1, 1855. He was the son of a miller, and for some time followed his father's business. He became chief pastor of the church of St. Nicholas and provost at Kiel in 1835, and councillor of the supreme consistory in 1842. Having lost his sight, he resigned his office in 1849. He celebrated the jubilee of the reformation in 1817, by propounding 05 new theses, in which the doctrines of the total depravity of man and the indispensable necessity of faith were maintained. Against him Baumgarten-Crusius wrote the XCV. Theses Theologicoe contra Superstitionem et Profanationem. The theses and theological works of Harms gave the first strong impulse to a great revival of the orthodox Lutheran theology in Germany. He published Pastoral Theologie (3 vols., 2d ed., 1837); Weisheit und Witz (1850); Selbsthiographie (2d ed., 1851); and Vermischte Aufsatze (1853).