Goya , a city of the Argentine Republic, in the province and 100 m. S. of the city of Cor-rientes, on a small river of the same name, near its junction with the Parana; pop. in 1869, 10,907, of whom only 1,839 were able to read. It is situated in a low, flat district, which in the rainy season is converted into a vast marsh. The city was founded in 1807, and considerably enlarged in 1850. Its industry is chiefly connected with cattle rearing.
Goyanna , a city of Brazil, in the province of Pernambuco, on the river Goyanna, here crossed by two bridges, 1,200 m. N. N. E. of Rio de Janeiro; pop. about 9,000. There are several churches, a convent, a tannery, and public stores. A cattle fair is held weekly. The port, large and spacious, with sufficient depth of water for coasting craft, is 9 m. from the sea. The surrounding country is fertile, and in a high state of cultivation. The chief commerce is in cotton, sugar, rum, hides, timber, fancy woods, and castor oil, which are generally sent to the port of Recife.
Gozo ,.See Malta.
Grace Darling, an English heroine, born at Bamborough, on the coast of Northumberland, Nov. 24,1815, died Oct. 20, 1842. Her father was keeper of the Longstone lighthouse, on one of the most exposed of the Fame islands. On the night of Sept. 6, 1838, the Forfarshire steamer, proceeding from Hull to Dundee, was wrecked on one of the crags of the Fame group. Of 53 persons on board, 38 perished, including the captain and his wife. On the morning of the 7th the survivors were discovered by Grace clinging to the rocks and remnants of the vessel, in imminent danger of being washed off by the returning tide. Grace, with the assistance of her parents, but against their remonstrances, immediately launched a boat and with her father succeeded in rescuing nine of them, and six escaped by other means. Presents and demonstrations of admiration were showered upon her from all parts of the United Kingdom, and a public subscription to the amount of £700 was raised for her.
Grace Kennedy, a Scottish authoress, born in Ayrshire in 1782, died Feb. 28, 1825. She passed the greater part of her life in Edinburgh, and subsequent to 1811 was an industrious writer of works of fiction of a moral and religious character, which were greatly esteemed at home and abroad. Among the most successful were "Decision," " Father Clement," "Anna Ross," "Dunallan," "Jessie Allan," etc, nearly all of which have been translated into the French and other languages. Her works were all published under an assumed name.
Graciosa , one of the Azores, so called from its beautiful situation and extreme productiveness, lat. 39° 5' N., Ion. 28° 4' W.; area, 32 sq. m.; pop. about 12,000. Its chief exports are corn, wine, brandy, fruit, hemp, and flax. Chief town, Santa Cruz.
Graevius , Johann Georg (Graefe), a German scholar, born in Naumburg, Jan. 29, 1632, died in Utrecht, Jan. 11, 1703. He had begun to study law at Leipsic, when, meeting with Gronovius at Deventer, he determined to begin his education over again, devoting himself to belles-lettres. After remaining two years at Deventer, he passed to Amsterdam, where he studied history under Morns and Blondel, and abjured Lutheranism for Calvinism. In 1058 he succeeded Gronovius in the athenaeum of Deventer, and in 1661 obtained the chair of eloquence in the academy of Utrecht, to which was attached in 1007 that of politics and history. Louis XIV. gave him a pension, and the universities of Heidelberg, Leyden, and Padua in vain sought to attach him to them. Among his works are editions of Hesiod, Cicero, Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, Suetonius, and Flo-rus, and Thesauri of Italian antiquities.