John Cordy Jeaffreson, an English author, born at Framlingham, Suffolk, in January, 1831. He studied medicine for a while, afterward entered Pembroke college, Oxford, where he graduated, in 1852 entered Lincoln's inn as a law student, and in 1859 was admitted to the bar. While an undergraduate he contributed frequently to magazines and newspapers. His first novel was "Crew Rise" (1854). This was followed by "Hinchbrook " (1855) and several other novels, such as "Isabel, the Young Wife and Old Love," "Miriam Copley," "Sir Edward's Daughter" (1860), " Olive Blake's Good Work " (1862), and " Live it Down " (1863). Among his other works are "A Book about Doctors" (1860), "A Book about Lawyers" (1866), "A Book about the Clergy," " Annals of Oxford " (1870), and "A Woman in Spite of Herself" (1872).
John Cowell, an English civilian, born at Ernsborough, Devonshire, in 1554, died in Cambridge, Oct. 11, 1611. He was educated at the university of Cambridge, where he subsequently became fellow, professor of civil law, and master of Trinity hall. In 1607 he compiled a law dictionary, styled "The Interpreter;" and for the opinions expressed in this work, maintaining that a British monarch might make laws without the consent of parliament, he was prosecuted before the house of commons by Sir Edward Coke, and saved from , imprisonment by the interposition of James I. Besides the above named work, Cowell wrote "Institutes of the Laws of England".
John Creichton, an Irish soldier of fortune, born in the county of Donegal in 1648, died in 1733. He entered the horse guards of Charles II., served against the Covenanters of Scotland, and when James II. was succeeded on the throne by William III. attempted to excite a rebellion, but was imprisoned at Edinburgh. After several years he was permitted to return to Ireland. His "Memoirs," revised by Swift, appeared in 1731, and contain curious particulars relative to the reigns of Charles II. and James II., and notices of characters and events which served as materials for Sir Walter Scott in writing "Old Mortality".
John Cunningham, a British poet, born in Dublin in 1729, died in 1773. He was the son of a wine merchant, and adopted the stage as a profession, but without much success. He wrote several small volumes of poetry, distinguished by simplicity and sweetness.
John Dixwell, one of the regicide judges of Charles I., born in 1608, died at New Haven, Conn., March 18, 1689. After the reaction in England which placed Charles II. upon the throne, and caused himself and his associates to be condemned to death, he escaped to America, took the name of John Davids, and lived undiscovered in New Haven, where he was married and left children. In 1664 he visited two of his fellow regicides, Whalley and Goffe, who had found a refuge at Hadley, Mass. His favorite study in exile was the " History of the "World." which Raleigh had written in prison, and he cherished a constant faith that the spirit of liberty in England would produce a new revolution.