Jonathan Maxcy

Jonathan Maxcy, an American clergyman, born in Attleborough, Mass., Sept. 2, 1768, died in Columbia, S. C, June 4, 1820. He graduated at Brown university in 1787, and in September, 1791, was instituted pastor of the first Baptist church of Providence, and at the same time elected professor of divinity in Brown university. In the succeeding September, although but 24 years of age, he became its president. In 1802 he was elected president of Union college, N. Y., and in 1804 of the South Carolina college. This latter station he occupied until his death. His "Literary Remains, with a Memoir," was published by the Rev. Romeo Elton (New York, 1844).


Jonesboro, a village, capital of Clayton co., Georgia, on the Macon and Western railroad, 20 m. S. of Atlanta; pop. in 1870, 531. An important battle was fought here, Aug. 31, 1864. Sherman, then besieging Atlanta, despatched a force under Howard to seize the railroad near Jonesboro, an operation which if successful would compel the evacuation of Atlanta. Hood, the confederate commander, sent a force under Hardee to oppose this attempt. Howard occupied an intrenched position in which he was attacked by Hardee. After a severe action of two hours, the Confederates withdrew. Their loss, as officially given by Hood, was 1,400 killed and wounded; the Union force, being attacked in their intrench-ments, suffered much less. As the immediate consequence of this action, Atlanta was evacuated by the confederates in the night of Sept. 1.

Joonpoor, Or Jaunpoor

Joonpoor, Or Jaunpoor, a town of India, capital of a district of the Northwestern Provinces, on the Goomtee, 36 m. N. W. of Benares; pop. about 16,000. The river, which is navigable here, divides the town into two unequal parts, and its bridge is one of the finest and strongest in India. The fort on the bank of the river, with a highly ornamental gateway, is half a mile in circuit, and is used as a prison. The castle and mosques were renowned in former times for their splendor, and the town and its vicinity abound in ruins of magnificent buildings. The principal mosque, though dilapidated, is an imposing edifice with colonnades and lofty domes. The population was formerly much more considerable in the town as well as in the district, in which latter it has declined from over 1,100,000 to about 800,000. Joonpoor is renowned for its sugar.

Joost Van Den Vondel

Joost Van Den Vondel, a Dutch poet, born in Cologne, Nov. 17, 1587, died in 1679. His parents were Anabaptists, and in his childhood settled in Amsterdam. He joined the Arminians, and finally the Roman Catholics. He was the most celebrated Dutch poet and dramatist of the 16th century. His works include metrical translations of the Psalms, of Virgil, and of Ovid, and satires and tragedies, forming 21 volumes in the best edition (Amsterdam, 1820). His most celebrated plays are Gijsbrecht ran Amstel, Lucifer, and Palamedes. The last, alluding to Barneveldt and his murder, though not published till 1625, after the death of Prince Maurice, was adjudged treasonable and libellous. Vondel's life was written by Camper (1818) and Zeeman (1831).