Melchior Meyr, a German author, born near Nordlingen, June 28, 1810, died in Munich, April 22, 1871. He studied at Anspach, Augsburg, Munich, and Heidelberg, became known as a poet in 1835 and as a prose writer in 1838, resided in Berlin from 1840 to 1852, and afterward chiefly in Munich. His principal works are his Erzahlungen aus dem Ries (2 vols., Berlin, 1856-'60; 2d ed., Leipsic, 1868; supplement, Hanover, 1870); Gott und sein Reich (Stuttgart, 1860; sequel, Emilie, 1863); Ge-sprdche mit einem Grobian (Leipsic, 1866; 2d ed., 1867); Duell und Elire, a novel (2 vols., 1870); and the posthumous Gedanken uber Kunst, Religion und Philosophie, edited by Max count von Bothmer and Moritz Car-riere (Leipsic, 1874).
Melchiore Cesarotti, an Italian poet, born in Padua, May 15, 1730, died Nov. 3, 1808. He was professor of rhetoric in the university of Padua, and gained a high literary reputation by his translation of Ossian into Italian blank verse (1762). He also produced a translation of Plutarch (1703), a free version of the Iliad (1795), a great number of academical essays, poems, and letters (included in his Opere scelte, Milan, 1820), and a remarkable philological work, Saggio sulla filosofia delle lingue. In 1807, at Milan, Napoleon made him a knight of the iron crown and bestowed a pension on him. A complete edition of his works appeared at Pisa in 1805-'13, in 42 vols. 8vo.
Melchizedek, Or Melehisedef (" king of righteousness"), according to Gen. xiv. 18, a "priest of the most high God " and " king of Salem," who went forth to meet Abraham on his return from the pursuit of King Chedorla-omer, brought bread and wine for the warriors, and blessed Abraham, who in return gave him a tenth of the spoils. One of the Psalms (ex. 4) contains the words, "a priest for ever after the order of Melehizedek;" and the Epistle to the Hebrews (vi. 20, vii. 1-21) represents him as a type of Christ, and his office as superior to the Aaronic priesthood. The opinions of theologians as to the person of Melehizedek and the nature of his priesthood have at all times greatly varied. "With regard to his residence, they are now generally agreed that Salem was a poetical name for Jerusalem. In the ancient church, a sect, called Melchizedekites, regarded Melehizedek as an incarnation of a divine power, and as superior to Christ.
William, an English author, born in London in 1666, died there, April 6, 1743. He was called to the bar in 1693, and appears to have been treasurer of Lincoln's Inn in 1730. He is known as the author of "The Great Importance of a Religious Life Considered," of which 100,000 copies were sold. A new edition was privately printed in London in 1849, and presented to the benchers of Lincoln's Inn. H. William, son of the preceding, born in London in 1710, died in Bath, March 15, 1799. He was educated for the bar, but lived chiefly in retirement, and published "Letters on Several Subjects" (2 vols., 1742).