Mew, Or Sea Mew

Mew, Or Sea Mew, a name given in Great Britain to some of the smaller gulls, and especially to the common European species (larus canus, Linn.), called also winter mew.

Mexican Picture Writing

See Hieroglyphics.

Mexico Ciudad Real

Mexico Ciudad Real. See San Cristobal.

Meyers

Meyers, a S. county of Dakota, bordering on Nebraska, recently formed, and not included in the census of 1870; area, about 2,850 sq. m. It is drained by the Keya Paha and affluents of White river. The surface consists of undulating prairies and plains.

Mezieres

Mezieres, a fortified town of France, capital of the department of Ardennes, on a peninsula formed by the confluence of the Meuse and Vence, and on a branch of the Eastern railway, 125 m. N. E. of Paris; pop. in 1866, 5,818. It has an arsenal, an important magazine, and manufactories of powder and marine projectiles. In the Franco-German war it capitulated in January, 1871.

Mezzotinto

See Engraving, vol. vi., p. 653.

Miaro

See Kioto.

Miasma

See Malaria.

Mica Slate

Mica Slate, a very abundant metamorphic rock, consisting of mica and quartz, and sometimes feldspar, in which the mica predominates, and by its arrangement in parallel planes gives to the aggregate a foliated structure. It belongs to the mica-bearing series, of which granite and gneiss are also merrfbers. Some authors classify it under the same head with mica schist, while others place it midway between mica schist and clay slate. "What is called mica schist sometimes contains numerous garnets imbedded in it, when it receives the name of garnet schist. It is prevalent along the banks of the Tay and about Dunkeld in Scotland, and also in the Blue Ridge mountains in the United States.

Michael

Michael (Heb., who is as God), the angel who had special charge of the Israelites as a nation (Dan. x. 13, 21), who disputed with Satan about the body of Moses (Jude 9), and who with his angels carried on war with Satan and his angels in the upper regions (Rev. xii. 7-9). The Jews regarded Michael as one of the archangels, and the Christian church early adopted this view. The representation of Michael, sword in hand, conquering the dragon, became a favorite symbol in the Roman Catholic church. A festival of St. Michael was introduced by Pope Felix III. (483->92), and it was retained also in the Lutheran church. Mohammedans regard Michael likewise as one of the archangels, and as guardian amrel of the Jews.

Michael Angelo

See Buonarotti.

Michael Baumgarten

Michael Baumgarten, a German theologian, born at Haseldorf, in Holstein, March 25, 1812. He studied at Kiel, became professor at Rostock in 1850, and in 1858 he was removed on account of his alleged deviations from the established evangelical church, and tried for having published his vindication (Eine kirchliche Krisis in Mecklenburg, Brunswick, 1858), but acquitted. Since 1865 he has been prominent in the first Protestant German convention at Eisenach, and as the most energetic defender of the Protestant association. His writings include Apostelge-schichte, oder Entwickelungsgang der Kirche von Jerusalem bis Rom (2 vols., Brunswick, 1852; 2d ed., 1859); Die Geschichte Jesu (1859); and David, der Kbnig ohne gleichen (Berlin, 1862).