Michael Bruce

Michael Bruce, a Scottisli poet, born at Kin-nesswood, county of Kinross, March 27, 1746, died there, July 6, 1767. His father was a weaver, but contrived to send him to the university of Edinburgh, to prepare for the ministry. There he struggled with poverty and various discouragements, and became melancholy and consumptive. He finally returned to his native village and died when only 21 years of age, leaving a few poems which were collected and edited by the Rev. John Logan.

Michael Bryan

Michael Bryan, an English connoisseur in art, born at Newcastle in 1757, died in London, March 21, 1821. From 1781 to 1790 he travelled in Flanders, engaged in art studies; and he here formed the acquaintance of the earl of Shrewsbury, whose sister he afterward married. In 1794 he was employed by the duke of Bridgewater, the marquis of Stafford, and the earl of Carlisle to purchase the celebrated Orleans gallery of paintings. This negotiation he conducted with such ability as to gain universal approval. From this time he exercised the greatest influence in England as an art critic, and was looked upon as one of the first connoisseurs of the day. In 1816 he published his "Dictionary of Painters and Engravers," which has become a standard work. An edition of this, edited and enlarged by George Stanley, appeared in 1858.

Michael Palaeologus

See Byzantine Empire, vol. in., p. 517.

Michael Romanoff

See Russia.

Michael Schlatter

Michael Schlatter, a Swiss missionary, born in St. Gall, July 14, 1716, died near Philadelphia in October, 1790. He was educated at St. Gall, became a clergyman, and in 1746 offered himself to the synods of North and South Holland as a missionary to the German Reformed emigrants in Pennsylvania. From 1746 to 1751 he was pastor of the Reformed churches of Philadelphia and Germantown, and organized churches among the scattered Germans in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia. He effected the organization of the synod of the German Reformed church in America in September, 1747. In 1751 he revisited Europe, and secured the services of six other ministers for the American churches. In 1757 he accompanied an expedition to Nova Scotia against the French as chaplain. When the revolution broke out he espoused the cause of the colonists, and was imprisoned in 1777.

Michael Scott

Michael Scott, a reputed Scotch wizard of the 13th century, born probably in Fifeshire, died, it is supposed, in 1291. He was probably educated at some foreign university, and passed many years on the continent, residing for some time at the court of the emperor Frederick II., at whose request he wrote a number of works. A few treatises on natural history, the occult sciences, and other subjects are attributed to him. His reputation was European; traditions of his wonderful powers are still extant in Scotland. Dante introduces him in the Inferno, and he is mentioned by Boccaccio and other Italian authors. Camden says in his Britannia that in his time Scott's magic books were still preserved at Ulme, in Cumberland, and adds that he was a monk of that place about the year 1290, who from his reputation for abstruse learning was commonly looked upon as a conjurer.