Spring, in astronomy, one of the four seasons of the year, beginning for the northern hemisphere at the time of the vernal equinox, or on March 21, and ending at the time of the summer solstice, or June 21. In the United States the spring is regarded as including March, April, and May. (See Seasons).


Springbok (antidorcas euchore), a true antelope of the fields, coming near the gazelles in size and habits, so named from the extraordinary leaps of 7 to 10 ft. in height which it makes when alarmed. They wander in search of food in immense herds over the vast open plains of S. Africa, an easy prey to man and the carnivora. The general color is cinnamon brown above, white below, with long white hairs on the croup very conspicuous when jumping; its flesh and skin are much esteemed. The horns in the adult are lyrate.

Springbok (Antidorcas euchore).

Springbok (Antidorcas euchore).

Sqiirrel Corn

See Dioentea.

St. Charles Sisterhood Of Borromeo

St. Charles Sisterhood Of Borromeo, a religious association founded in 1652 by the abbe" d'Es-tival, for educational and charitable purposes. It has its chief organization at Nancy, in Lorraine. A religious association of St. Charles Borromeo was founded in Bonn in 1846, for the distribution of Roman Catholic publications.

St. Francis Borgia

St. Francis Borgia, general of the society of Jesus, born at Gandia, Spain, in 1510, died in Rome, Oct. 1, 1572. He was duke of Gandia, grand equerry to Isabella of Portugal, the consort of Charles V., and mayor domo to the crown prince, afterward Philip II. He was always exact in his religious duties, and after the death of his wife gave up his title and estate to his son and entered the society of Jesus, retaining the administration of the duchy, by special permission of the pope, until his children were provided for. Ho was ordained priest in the 40th year of his age, and devoted himself to extending and strengthening the order of Jesuits in Spain. At the death of Laynez in 1565 he was elected general of the society, and remained in office till his death. Several bishoprics and the dignity of cardinal were repeatedly pressed upon him, but refused. He was canonized by Clement X. in 1671.

St. Francis Of Paula

See Franois of Paula.

St. Paul De Loanda

See St. Paul de Loanda.


Stade, a town of Prussia, capital of a district in the province of Hanover, on the Sehwinge, 4 m. above its confluence with the Elbe, and 20 m. W. of Hamburg; pop. in 1871, 8,693. It is of great antiquity, and was ruled by local counts until the close of the 12th century, when the last count became archbishop of Bremen. The Elbe dues raised at Stade caused the Han-sa in 1267 to enter upon hostile proceedings. The dues were restored in 1688 under Swedish domination, and increased by George I., as elector of Hanover, after the annexation of the town in 1719, together with the duchy of Bremen, to his dominions; and they were not finally abolished till 1861, when Hanover received a compensation for them of 3,100,000 thalers, Great Britain and Hamburg respectively contributing one third, and other maritime nations the remainder. The fortress was captured by the Prussians, June 18, 1866.