Thomas Buchanan Read, an American artist and poet, born in Chester co., Pa., March 12, 1822, died in New York, May 11, 1872. At the age of 17 he entered the studio of a sculptor in Cincinnati. In 1841 he removed to New York, and after a few months to Boston, where he began his career as a painter. He contributed poems to the Boston "Courier" in 1843 and 1844, and in 1846 settled in Philadelphia. In 1850 he went to Florence, and with occasional visits to America resided in Italy till the spring of 1872, when he returned to America, but died soon after his arrival. His most popular pictures are portraits. He published "Lays and Ballads" (Philadelphia, 1848); "The New Pastoral" (1855); "The House by the Sea" (1856); "The Wagoner of the Alleghanies" (1862); "A Summer Story, and other Poems " (1865); and "Poetical Works " (3 vols., Philadelphia, 1866).
Thomas Burgess, an English bishop, born at Odiham, Hampshire, Nov. 18, 1756, died at Salisbury, Feb. 19, 1837. He was the son of a grocer, studied at Winchester, obtained a scholarship at Oxford, and became a fellow and tutor of his college. Mr. Addington, the prime minister, who had been his fellow student at Winchester and Oxford, appointed him bishop of St. Davids in 1803, and in 1825 he was translated to the see of Salisbury. He aided in founding the royal society of literature, of which he was president from 1821 to 1832. His biographer, J. S. Harford, enumerates nearly 100 publications, theological, classical, and miscellaneous, issued by him; among these are editions of Burton's Pentalogia (2 vols., 1780), and Dawes's Miscellanea Critica (1781). In his "Considerations on the Abolition of Slavery " (1789), he recommended gradual emancipation.
Thomas Butler Ossory, earl of, an English soldier, son of James, duke of Ormond, born in the castle of Kilkenny, July 9, 1634, died July 30, 1680. He fought in the rebellion, was committed by Cromwell to the tower, and after eight months of imprisonment went to Flanders, returning with Charles II. on the restoration. He was made lieutenant general of the army in Ireland, and in September, 1666, was raised to the peerage as Lord Butler of Moore park. In the same year he distinguished himself in the naval engagement with the Dutch in the Downs, and in 1673 was made admiral of the fleet. In 1677 he commanded the English troops in the service of the prince of Orange, and greatly contributed to the defeat of Marshal Luxembourg at Mons in 1678.
Thomas Carew, an English poet, born in Gloucestershire about 1589, died in 1639. He studied at Oxford, and afterward became gentleman of the privy chamber to Charles I. He enjoyed the friendship of Ben Jonson and other poets of the day, and at court he was much esteemed for the vivacity of his wit and the elegance of his manners. He wrote sonnets and amorous poetry, and a masque set to music by Henry Lawes, called Ccelum Britanni-cum. It was performed by the king and nobles, at Whitehall, on Shrove Tuesday, 1633. Two of the best pieces in his collected works also appear among the works of Herrick.