Cheever. I. George Barrell, D. D., an American clergyman and author, born at Hallowell, Me., April 17,1807. He graduated atBowdoin college in 1825, at the Andover theological seminary in 1830, and was ordained pastor of the Howard street Congregational church, Salem, Mass., in 1832. While at Andover and Salem he contributed in prose and verse, on literary and theological topics, to the "North American Review," "Biblical Repository," and other periodicals. He engaged in the Unitarian controversy, in connection with which he wrote a defence of the orthodoxy of Cud-worth. Espousing the temperance cause, he published in a Salem newspaper, in 1835, a dream entitled "Deacon Giles's Distillery," in which the liquors were graphically characterized as containing demons in an inferno. The article was widely circulated with illustrations as a temperance tract. Deacon Giles was deemed a veritable person, and the publication resulted in a riotous attack upon Mr. Cheever in the street, his trial and conviction for libel, and his imprisonment for 30 days in the Salem jail.
He resigned his pastorate the next summer, and passed the following 2 1/2 years in Europe and the Levant, contributing letters to the "New York Observer." On his return in 1838 he became pastor of the Allen street Presbyterian church, New York, and soon after delivered lectures on the "Pilgrim's Progress," and on "Hierarchical Despotism." He went again to Europe in 1844, as corresponding editor of the "New York Evangelist," of which journal he was principal editor for a year after his return, in 1845. In 1846 he was installed over the new Congregational church of the Puritans in New York. Upon the establishment of the "New York Independent" in 1848, Dr. Cheever became a weekly contributor to it of religious, literaiy, critical, and political articles, He also contributed scholarly papers to the "Bibliotheca Sacra." Among his works are commonplace books of prose and poetry (1828 and 1820); "Studies in Poetry " (1830); an edition of the "Select Works of Archbishop Leighton" (1832); "Lectures on the Pilgrim's Progress" (1844); "Wanderings of a Pilgrim" (1845 and 1846); "Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, New England, in 1620, reprinted from the original volume" (1848); " Windings of the River of the Water of Life" (1840); "Voices of Nature" (1852); "Powers of the World to Come" (1853); "Lectures on the Life, Genius, and Sanctity of Cowper" (1856); "God against Slavery" (1857); and "Guilt of Slavery and Crime of Slaveholding" (1860). II. Henry Theodore, an American clergyman and author, brother of the preceding, bora at Hallowell, Me., in 1814. He graduated at Bowdoin college in 1834, and in 1835-'6 was a correspondent from Spain, France, and Louisiana of the New York "Evangelist." He afterward studied theology at Bangor, visited the Sandwich Islands, and was successively minister of Congregational churches at Lodi, N. J., in New York, at Greenport, L. I., at Jewett City, Conn., and since 1804 at Worcester, Mass. He was secretary and agent of the church anti-slavery society from its origin in 1859 to its close in 1864. He has published "Life in the Sandwich Islands" (1850); "Memorials of Nathaniel Cheever, M.D."(1851); "Memoir of Walter Colton" (1852); "The Pulpit and the Pew" (1858); " Tracts for the Times" (1859); " Way Marks in the Moral War with Slavery " (1861); and several volumes of travel and adventure among the islands of the Pacific, for the young.