Henry Dearborn, an American general, born at Hampton, N. H., in March, 1751, died at Roxbury, Mass., June 6, 1829. He was a practising physician at Portsmouth when, on hearing of the battle of Lexington, he immediately marched, April 20, 1775, with 60 volunteers, and was at Cambridge early the next day, a distance of 65 m. On his return he was made a captain in Stark's regiment; was at the battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, and accompanied Arnold on the expedition through the woods of Maine to Quebec. In the attack on that place, Dec. 31, he was taken prisoner, afterward released on parole, and exchanged in March, 1777. He served as major under Gates at the capture of Burgoyne, and distinguished himself and his regiment by a gallant charge at the battle of Monmouth in 1778. In 1779 he served in Sullivan's expedition against the Indians, in 1780 with the army of New Jersey, in 1781 at Yorktown, and in 1782 was on garrison duty at Saratoga. Having emigrated to Maine, he was appointed by Washington in 1789 marshal of that district. He was twice member of congress, and for eight years, during Jefferson's presidency, secretary t>f war.
In 1809 he was made collector of Boston, and on Jan. 27, 1812, he was commissioned as senior major general in the United States army, and commander of the northern department. In the spring of 1813 he captured York in Upper Canada, and Fort George at the mouth of the Niagara, but was recalled, and soon afterward placed in command of the military district of New York city. Resigning his commission in 1815, he was appointed, May 7, 1822, minister to Portugal, where he remained two years, and was recalled at his own request. - His life and papers were published by his son, Gen. Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn (1783-1851), also the author of "Commerce and Navigation of the Black Sea" (2 vols. 8vo, 1819), "Internal Improvement and Commerce of the West" (1839), etc. He was a lawyer at Salem, Mass., brigadier general of militia, commanding Boston harbor in 1812, collector of Boston 1812-'29, member of congress 1831-5, adjutant general of Massachusetts 1835-43, and mayor of Roxbury 1847-'51.