This section is from the book "The Lady's Assistant: Family Physician", by P. Davey and B. Law.
This happens when the patient makes water too often, and too much, exceeding in quantity the liquor drank. It is attended with a thirst, a wafting of the body, a heat in the bowels, with frothy spittle. Bristol water is a good remedy on this occasion, as also lime water, which may be drank from three half pints, to three pints in a day, as occasion shall require. Or you may boil a pint of milk a very little while, and then dissolve in it three drams of roch alum; take off the curd, and give the patient a gill of it three times a day, if the stomach will bear it; if not, less. Or you may quench a hot iron in new milk so often as to consume a third part; the dose is a gill twice a day. To perfect the cure, "Take an ounce and half of the bark, half an ounce of roch "alum, and make them into an electuary with a sufficient "quantity of the syrup of lemons." Let the patient take the quantity of a large nutmeg thrice a day.
Demulcents, and EmoLLients, are such things as blunt, sheath, or involve the corroding burning acrimony of the fluids: they likewise relax and mollify hard rigid tense fibres, render them flexible, and dilate the vessels contracted by strictures. Demulcents are of great use in poisons; for milk, oil, and fat taken plentifully, will blunt their spicula or points, relax the spasms of the membranes, and promote their expulsion by vomit or stool. Emollients given in infusion or decoction, when in chronic diseases the acrimony of the humours affect the nerves, have commonly wonderful success, even in convulsions attended with madness, and scorbutic contractions of the joints, with a violent colic : these are roots of marsh-mallow and piony, leaves of mallows and camomile-flowers, borrage-flowers, white-lilies, elder-flowers, wild poppy-flowers, figs and fennel-seeds; a plentiful decoction of these should be used, made in water or whey; with a little oil of sweet-almonds, and a bath of new milk and water.
The marrow of animals taken inwardly, is very good in an acrid scorbutic state of the humours: sweet whey, saponaceous substances, soap itself taken often in a morning faffing, with a draught of hot liquor, are proper in the wafting of a limb, crackling of the bones, the flying-gout, and pains in the joints: in the ulcers of the kidneys and bloody urine, attending the small-pox, gum-tragacanth or cherry-tree-gum, or the dried white of an egg dissolved in whey, are of great use: cream and new milk are very good in hectic-heats, proceeding from the acrimony of the humours which arise from a fault in the bowels: in all sharpness of the humours, as well as in a vomiting and loose-ness, a bloody-flux, the scurvy, a scorbutic consumption, a consumption of the lungs, it will be proper to give jellies, made with harstshorn, or calves feet, or sheeps trotters. In costiveness from a stricture of the intestines, oil of sweet-almonds, whey, water-gruel, or hartshorn, will be useful either taken by the mouth or given in clysters. Mucilage of quince-feeds, is good in erosions and ulcerations of the parts, with heat and pain; such as the thrush, the blind and painful piles, tcnesmus, bloody-flux, and the whites in women, which cor-rode the parts.
Diaphoretics are such medicines as gently promote perspiration, which of all evacuations is the most salutary; for its suppression occasions various diseases. On the contrary, the promotion of it corrects, resolves, digests and discusses the morbific matter, whereby diseases are safely cured. In acute diseases and fevers, as well as in inflammations of every kind, diaphoretics alone, given in small doses for some time in proper vehicles, answer all the intentions of cure, and are the best purifiers of the mass of blood. Earthy and alkaline substances may become diaphoretics, such as bole-armoniac and burnt hartshorn, by destroying acids which repress the spirituous parts of the blood: others by the vapours of a soft anodyne sulphur, which relax the strictures of the skin, and ease pain; as the flowers of elder-saffron, wild poppy-flowers, gentle opiates, camphire, emulsions of poppy-feeds, and the thebaic tincture. Others abate the violent intestine motion of the blood, as small doses of nitre with fixed diaphoretics, dulcified spirit of nitre, emulsions of the greatly cold feeds, the juice of lemons and vinegar: others again gently stimulate the fibres, such as carduus benedictus, scordium, sarsaparilla, the lesser centaury, contrayerva-root, Virginian snake-root, sassasras, and zedoary.