Wharton, a S. E. county of Texas, bounded N. E. by the San Bernard river, and intersected by the Colorado; area, 1,094 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,426, of whom 2,910 were colored. The surface is generally level, and the soil highly fertile. The Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio railroad crosses the N. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 143,900 bushels of Indian corn, 8,540 of sweet potatoes, and 1,217 bales of cotton. There were 667 horses, 563 milch cows, 4,672 other cattle, and 2,010 swine. Capital, Wharton.
Marquis Of Thomas Wharton, an English statesman, born about 1640, died in London, April 12, 1715. He was the eldest son of Philip, fourth Baron Wharton, with whom he was among the first to join William of Orange upon his arrival in England in 1688. He hold several important offices under William, and subsequently was one of the commissioners for arranging the treaty of union with Scotland. He succeeded to his father's title in 1696, and in 1706 was created Viscount Winchenden and Earl Wharton; and he was also made a peer of Ireland as earl of Rathfarnham and marquis of Catherlough. In 1708 he was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland, which office he held for two years, Addison being his secretary; and on the accession of George I. he was created marquis of Wharton, and lord privy seal in the Halifax ministry. He was throughout life a devoted whig, and unrivalled as a party manager, but notoriously immoral and unprincipled. According to Bishop Percy, he was the author of the famous Irish ballad of " Lillibulero".
Duke Of Philip Wharton, son of the preceding, born in December, 1698, died in Catalonia, Spain, May 31, 1731. At 16 years of age he married a woman far inferior in rank to himself, which so disconcerted his parents that they both died heart-broken, it is said, within a year. In conformity with his father's plans, however, he went in 1716 to Geneva to complete his education, but soon parted from his Calvinist tutor, and travelled to Avignon, where he received from the pretender the title of duke of Northumberland. He next went to Paris, where he borrowed from the widow of James II. £2,000, promising to employ it in the interest of the Jacobites. In the latter part of 1716 he took his seat in the Irish house of peers, and greatly distinguished himself as a debater. Within a year he was created duke of Wharton in the English peerage. In 1720 he took his seat in the English house of peers, where he soon threw the weight of his brilliant talents against the ministry. Within three years he became greatly involved by his extravagance; and early in 1724, having for several months edited a semiweekly political paper called the " True Briton," he went to Vienna, and thence to Madrid. He soon made no secret of his adherence to the pretender, and at the siege of Gibraltar in 1727 he openly appeared as aide-de-camp to the count of Torres. The king of Spain made him colonel of an Irish regiment in the Spanish service, but in England he was attainted for high treason and dispossessed of the remnant of his property.
The remainder of his life was passed in wandering. In 1732 appeared the " Life and Writings of Philip, late Duke of Wharton" (2 vols. 8vo), containing his " True Briton " papers and speech in defence of Atterbury; and there is another publication in 2 vols. 8vo, purporting to contain the poetical works of himself and his friends.