George Chalmers, a British historian, born at Fochabers, Scotland, in 1742, died in London in 1825. He studied law at Aberdeen, accompanied an uncle to the North American colonies, and settled at Baltimore. At the commencement of the revolution he returned to England. He wrote "An Estimate of the Comparative Strength of Great Britain" (1782; new and enlarged ed., 2 vols., 1810), and "Political Annals of the United Colonies" (1780; new and enlarged ed., 2 vols., Boston, 1845); the lives of Defoe, Thomas Paine, and others; and "Life of Sir David Lyndsay, and a Glossary of his Poetical Works" (3 vols., 1806). A second edition of his valuable "Life of Mary Queen of Scots, from State Papers," was published in 3 vols, in 1822. His principal work is "Caledonia," a comprehensive historical account of Scotland from the earliest periods (3 vols., 1807-'24). This was to have extended to six volumes, and the fourth volume was left in MS.
George Chambers, an English artist, born at Whitby, Yorkshire, late in the 18th century, died in London, Oct. 28, 1840. The son of a poor seaman, he became cabin boy on a sailing vessel; but his sketches of shipping induced his master to cancel his indentures. After various struggles, during which he perfected his knowledge of art, he was employed by Thomas Horner for seven years in preparing the panorama of London for the Colosseum. Admiral Lord Mark Kerr became his patron, and he painted the "Opening of New London Bridge " for William IV., and a view of "Greenwich Hospital" for Queen Adelaide. His appointment as marine painter to their majesties had opened to him a way to fame and fortune, when his health broke down. His best works are his pictures of naval battles, three of which are in Greenwich hospital.
George Cheyne, a British physician, born in Scotland in 1671, died at Bath in 1743. He was intended for the church, but devoted himself to medicine, and gained a high reputation by his writings, of which he published a great number. His most popular work was a treatise on the "English Malady," that is, on spleen, vapors, hysterics, and hypochondriacal diseases in general, with a minute account of his own case (London, 1733).
George Cnrtis Blaikman, an American surgeon, born in Connecticut, died at Avondale, Ohio, July 19, 1871. He took his medical degree in 1841 at the college of physicians and surgeons, New York. After spending some time as surgeon of a packet ship between this country and Great Britain, he commenced practice in one of the towns upon the Hudson river. In 1854 he was appointed professor of surgery in the medical college of Ohio at Cincinnati. He was a bold and skilful operator, and there were hardly any great operations in surgery which he did not perform, and many of them he repeated several times. He translated and edited Vidal's " Treatise on Venereal Disease," and reedited Mott's translation of Velpeau's " Surgery," with notes and additions of his own. He was surgeon to two of the Cincinnati hospitals. During the civil war, from 1861 to 1865, he served as medical officer, and was present at the battles of Shiloh and the Wilderness.