John Marston

John Marston, an English poet, born about 1570, died about 1634. He was educated at Corpus Christi college, Oxford, and entered the Middle Temple, London, where he was chosen lecturer in 1593. He was intimate with Ben Jonson, to whom lie dedicated in 1605 his tragi-comedy, "The Malcontent." Associated with Jonson and Chapman in writing " Eastward Ho! " he was with them imprisoned for a short time by James I. on account of its reflections against the Scotch. He also wrote "The Scourge of Villainy," " The Metamorphosis of Pigmalion's Image," "Antonio and Mellida," "Antonio's Revenge," "The Dutch Courtesan," and "Parasitaster." An edition of Marston's works, containing six tragedies and comedies, was published in London in 1633; a new edition, with notes and a memoir, was published by J. O. Halliwell (3 vols., London, 1856).

John Matthias

See Anabaptists.

John Mcculloch

John Mcculloch, a British physicist, born in the island of Guernsey, Oct. 6,1773, died in Penzance, Cornwall, Aug. 21, 1835. He took the degree of M. D. at Edinburgh in 1791, entered the army as assistant surgeon, and in 1803 was appointed chemist to the board of ordnance. In 1807 he settled at Blackheath, and commenced practice as a physician, but in 1811 was engaged by government to make scientific surveys in Scotland. His most important publications are: "A Description of the Western Islands of Scotland" (2 vols., London, 1819); "A Geological Classification of Rocks " (1821); " The Highlands and Western Islands of Scotland" (4 vols., 1824); and "Proofs and Illustrations of the Attributes of God from the Facts and Laws of the Physical Universe" (3 vols., 1837).

John Mcneil

John Mcneil, an American soldier, born at Hillsborough, N. H, in 1784, died in Washington, Feb. 23, 1850. In March, 1812, he was commissioned as captain in the 11th regiment of infantry, and in August. 1813, as major. At the battle of Chippewa (July 5, 1814) the bayonet charge of the 11th regiment under his command secured the victory to the Americans. For his conduct in this battle, and in that of Bridgewater, where he was severely wounded, he was successively brevetted as lieutenant colonel and colonel. He remained in the service after the peace, and attained the rank of brevet brigadier general (1824), and colonel of the first regiment of infantry (1826). He resigned his commission in 1830, having in 1829 been appointed surveyor of the port of Boston, a post which he held several years.

John Mill

John Mill, an English scholar, born at Shapp, Westmoreland, about 1645, died in Oxford, June 23, 1707. He graduated at Oxford in 1669, where, after receiving various ecclesiastical preferments, he was made in 1685 principal of St. Edmund's hall. He became prebendary of Canterbury in 1704. His most important work is his edition of the Greek Testament, to the preparation of which he devoted the last 30 years of his life. It was undertaken at the suggestion and expense of Dr. Fell, bishop of Oxford; but after that dignitary's death Mill continued it at his own cost, and paid back to Fell's executors the money advanced. He finished the work only 14 days before his death, and it was published the same year. It adopts the received text of Robert Stephens, and contains over 30,000 various readings collected from the works of former commentators, the writings of the fathers, and ancient uncollated manuscripts.