Primorsk, Or Littoral Province, the easternmost division of Siberia, established in 1858, and extending between lat. 42° 20' and 70° N., and Ion. 131° E. and 170° W.; area, 731,-942 sq. m.; pop. in 1867, 43,320. It is bounded by the Polar sea, Behring strait, Behring sea, the Pacific ocean, the sea of Okhotsk, the sea of Japan, Corea, Mantchooria, the Amoor province, and Yakutsk, and is divided into the circles of Petropavlovsk (Kamtchatka), Gizhi-ginsk, Okhotsk, Udsk, Nikolayevsk, Sofiisk, and Usuri. The Stanovoi and Bureya mountain ranges form almost the entire N. W. and W. boundary. The Amoor in the southwest and the Anadyr in the northeast are the principal rivers. The island of Saghalien and the Russian Kuriles form part of the province. The inhabitants include Kamtchadales, Tchuktchis, Koriaks, Ainos, Russians, Mantchoos, and Japanese. Mkolayevsk, opposite the N. extremity of Saghalien, is the capital. (See Siberia.)
Russia, in 1742, died in St. Petersburg, Aug. 9, 1799. He was secretary of RumiantzofF in the Turkish campaigns, and after having risen by his rare natural abilities to various high positions under Catharine II., became imperial chancellor under Paul I. He concluded the treaty of peace at Jassy (1792) and other treaties, and organized the coalition of Russia and Great Britain against France (1798). He was made a count of the German empire by Joseph II., and a Russian prince by Paul I. He was profligate and avaricious, but at the same time a zealous patron of the fine arts, and left a large part of his immense fortune for the endowment of a lyceum.
See Bonapaete, Ltjcien.
Prince Saunders, a Haytian lawyer, born in Thetford, Vt., about 1775, died in Hayti, Feb. 12, 1839. He was a negro, taught colored schools in Colchester, Conn., and Boston, Mass., and in 1807 went to Hayti. Christophe sent him to England to procure teachers, books, and school apparatus. The result not being satisfactory, Saunders returned to the United States, where he studied divinity, and preached for some time to a congregation in Philadelphia. He then returned to Hayti, and was appointed attorney general of the republic. He was the author of the criminal code of Hayti, and published several small works, including "Haytian Papers" (London, 1816).
Prince William, a N. E. county of Virginia, bordered E. by the Potomac and N. E. by the Occoquan river, and drained by Cedar Run, Broad Run, and Quantico creeks; area, about 325 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7, 504, of whom 1,813 were colored. It has a hilly surface and sandy soil. It is intersected by the Washington City, Virginia Midland, and Great Southern railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 47,726 bushels of wheat, 167,250 of Indian corn, 70,063 of oats, 2,280 tons of hay, 1,616 lbs. of tobacco, 13,356 of wool, and 102,668 of butter. There were 1,496 horses, 1,976 milch cows, 3,406 other cattle, 4,253 sheep, and 5,288 swine. Capital, Brentsville.