Thomas Linacre, an English physician, born in Canterbury about 1460, died in London, Oct. 20, 1524. He was a fellow of Oxford, studied on the continent, became professor of physic at Oxford, was physician and tutor to the prince of Wales, and physician to Henry VIII. and to the princess Mary. Through his influence the college of physicians in London was founded, and he was its president during life. This organization of the medical faculty first gave educated physicians rank above quacks and pretenders. He also studied divinity, and received various preferments. He was one of the first, in conjunction with Colet, Lily, Grocyn, and Latimer, to introduce classical learning into England. His most celebrated works are his Latin translations from Galen, which, in the opinion of Erasmus, "speak better Latin than they ever spoke Greek."
Thomas Maurice, an English clergyman, born in Hertford about 1755, died in London, March 30,1824. He graduated at Oxford, and became curate of Woodford in Essex. He resigned that post in 1785, and accepted a small pastorate at Epping. In 1799 he became assistant librarian to the British museum. His principal works are: "Indian Antiquities" (7 vols. 8vo, London, 1791-7); "History of Hin-dostan" (3 vols. 4to, 1795-'9); "Modern History of India" (2 vols., 1802-'4); and his personal "Memoirs" (3 vols., 1819-'22).
Thomas Middleton, an English dramatist, born in the latter part of the 16th century, died in July, 1627. In 1620 he was appointed chronologer or city poet of London. He was associated with Jonson, Fletcher, Massinger, and Rowley in the composition of several plays. "A Mad World, my Masters," "The Mayor of Queenborough," and "The Roaring Girl," are in Dodsley'scollection. His "Game at Chess," performed in 1624, gave umbrage to the court on account of its allusions to the king and ambassador of Spain, and Middleton and the players were brought before the privy council and censured for their audacity in "bringing modern Christian kings upon the stage." From his play called " The Witch " Shakespeare has been supposed to have borrowed the witch incantations in " Macbeth".
Thomas Miner, an American physician, born in Middletown, Conn., Oct. 15, 1777, died in Worcester, Mass., April 23, 1841. He graduated at Yale college in 1796. The next six years he passed in teaching, and in the study of law, which in 1803 he abandoned for medicine, and in 1807 he commenced practice at Middletown. About 1809 a malignant epidemic fever, called spotted fever, prevailed in the Connecticut valley, for which he pursued a new mode of treatment, making careful notes of his cases. In 1823 he published, with Dr. "William Tully, "Essays on Fevers and other Subjects," and in 1825 a treatise on "Typhus Syncopalis." His autobiography appeared in the "New Englander," vol. ii., p. 19.
Thomas Newton, an English bishop, born in Lichfield, Jan. 1, 1704, died Feb. 14, 1782. He graduated at Trinity college, Cambridge, took orders in 1729, received the curacy of St. George's, Hanover square, London, and afterward that of Grosvenor chapel, and in 1744 was presented by the earl of Bath to the rectory of St. Mary-le-Bow. He was chosen in 1747 lecturer of St. George's, Hanover square. In 1761 he became bishop of Bristol, and in 1768 dean of St, Paul's. In 1749-'52 he published the first critical edition of Milton's "Poetical Works" with variorum notes (3 vols. 4to). His " Dissertations on the Prophecies " (3 vols. 8vo, 1754-'8) became very popular, and were translated into German and Danish. A collected edition of his writings appeared in 1783 (3 vols. 4to, London).