Thomas Roderick Dew, an American publicist, born in Virginia, Dec. 5, 1802, died in Paris, Aug. 6, 1846. He graduated at William and Mary college, and afterward travelled for two years in Europe. In 1827 he was chosen professor of moral science in William and Mary college, of which he became president in 1836. In 1829 he published "Lectures on the Restrictive System," and in 1833 an elaborate essay on "Slavery," which is said to have prevented emancipation in Virginia at that time. He died suddenly while on a visit to Europe with his bride. His most elaborate work is "A Digest of the Laws, Customs, Manners, and Institutions of Modern Nations," which appeared in 1853.
Thomas Say, an American naturalist, born in Philadelphia, July 27, 1787, died at New Harmony, Ind., Oct.10, 1834. In 1815 he investigated the natural history of E. Florida; in 1818 he explored the islands and coast of Georgia; in 1819 he was appointed chief zoölogist in Long's expedition to the Rocky mountains; and in 1823 he accompanied that to St. Peter's river in the same capacity. He removed to New Harmony in 1825. His complete writings on entomology were edited by Dr. J. L. Le Conte, with a memoir by George Ord (New York, 1859), and his work on con-chology by W. G. Birney (New York, 1858).
Thomas Scott, an English clergyman, born at Braytoft, Lincolnshire, Feb. 16, 1747, died at Aston Sandford, Buckinghamshire, April 16, 1821. He was ordained in 1773, became a curate in Buckinghamshire, and through the influence of John Newton was converted to Calvinism In 1781 he removed to Olney, and in 1785 to London, where he was chaplain of Lock hospital. In 1801 he was appointed rector of Aston Sandford. He published "A Commentary on the Bible" (6 vols. 4to); "Defence of Calvinism" against Bishop Tomline; and a small work entitled "The Force of Truth," many times reprinted.
Thomas Secker, an English prelate, born at Sibthorpe, Nottinghamshire, in 1693, died in London, Aug. 3, 1768. He belonged to a family of nonconformists, and studied for the dissenting ministry, but became a physician. Subsequently he was induced to conform, and was ordained in 1723. He was distinguished as a preacher, and became bishop of Bristol in 1735 and of Oxford in 1737, and in 1758 archbishop of Canterbury. His works comprise sermons, lectures, and charges (last ed., with a memoir by Bishop Porteous, 6 vols., London, 1811).
Thomas Shadwell, an English dramatist, born in Norfolk in 1640, died in 1692. He was educated at Cambridge, settled in London, and wrote for the stage. He obtained so great a reputation as a writer that he was set up as a rival of Dryden, on whose dismissal in 1688 he became poet laureate. He is now chiefly known as the hero of Dryden's satire of "MacFlecknoe;" but the dulness there ascribed to him is altogether imaginary. His works were published collectively in 1720 (4 vols. 12mo).