Wigtonshire, Or Wigtownshire

Wigtonshire, Or Wigtownshire, a county of Scotland, bordering on Ayrshire, Kirkcudbrightshire, the Irish sea, and the North channel; area, 512 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 38,830. The coast is generally bold and rocky, and indented by several bays, the most important of which are those of Wigton, Luce, and Loch Ryan. The principal rivers are the Cree and Badenoch, which are navigable for short distances. The surface is generally hilly, but the elevation above the sea nowhere exceeds 1,500 ft., and in general varies between 400 and 900 ft. About one third of the land is arable, but it is generally better suited for grazing than tillage. The principal crops are oats, barley, wheat, and potatoes. Great attention is paid to rearing cattle. Wigton or Wigtown, the capital (pop. about 2,000), is a municipal and parliamentary burgh, near the mouth of the Badenoch in Wigton bay, 15 m. W. by N. of Kirkcudbright. The other chief towns are Stranraer and Whithorn.

Wiiydah Bird

See Weaver Bird.

Wilbrord, Or Willibrod, Saint

Wilbrord, Or Willibrod, Saint, generally called the apostle of the Frisians, born in the Saxon kingdom of Northumbria about 657, died in the monastery of Echternach, near Treves, Nov. 7, 738. He was brought up in St. Wilfred's monastery at Ripon, and spent 13 years in Ireland, where he had as masters the monks Egbert and Wigbert, who had spent two years preaching the gospel in Friesland. At the age of 33, with 11 or 12 associates, he embarked as a missionary to that country. Wilbrord twice visited Rome, in 692 and 695, and was made bishop by Sergius I. over all the converted Frisians.

Wild Cat

See Cat, vol. iv., p. 92, and Lynx, vol. x., p. 754.


See Gnu.

Wilhelm Bernhard Molique

Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, a German violinist and composer, born in Nuremberg, Oct. 7,1802, died in Cannstadt, May 10, 1869. His father, who was chapelmaster, gave him his first lessons and taught him the use of several instruments. He showed a strong preference for the violin, and at the age of 14 was sent to Munich and placed under the instruction of Rovelli, whom he succeeded in 1820 as first violinist of the court. In 1822 he made a concert tour through Germany, which did much to increase his reputation. He was concert director at Stuttgart from 1826 to 1849, when he went to London, and in 1861 was made professor of composition at the royal academy of music. His works are mostly for the violin, and are held in high esteem. He has also written a symphony, a mass for voices and orchestra, and "Abraham," an oratorio.

Wilhelm Camphausen

Wilhelm Camphausen, a German painter, born at Dusseldorf, Feb. 8, 1818. His specialty is battle pieces, and in order to familiarize himself with such subjects he served as a volunteer in the army. His first productions, "Tilly at Breitenfeld" and "Prince Eugene at Belgrade," were successful. Among his works are " Godfrey de Bouillon at Ascalon," " Puritans watching the Enemy," "A Convoy of Prisoners of Cromwell's Camp," " Storming of an English Castle by the Soldiers of Cromwell," " Charles II. on his Flight from the Battle of Worcester," and " Charles I. at Naseby." In 1859 he became professor of historical painting at the academy of Dusseldorf.