William George Browne

William George Browne, an English traveller, born in London in 1768, died in Persia in 1813. He was educated at Oxford, travelled in Egypt, and attempted to explore the interior of Africa, but was stopped in Darfoor, where he was detained as a captive for three years. He published "Travels in Africa, Egypt, and Syria, in the years 1792-'98" (London, 1799; 2d ed. enlarged, 1806). He afterward undertook a journey through Persia, but on the way from Tabriz to Teheran was murdered by banditti.

William Gerard Hamilton

William Gerard Hamilton, an English statesman, born in London in January, 1729, died there, July 10, 1796. He was educated at Westminster school and Oxford university, and in 1754 entered parliament as member from Petersfield, Hampshire. On Nov. 13 of the succeeding year he delivered the famous speech which earned him his well known sobriquet of " Single-Speech Hamilton." Of this speech no copy was ever taken. Contrary to the belief long entertained that this was his solitary oratorical effort, he spoke again in parliament in the succeeding February, and afterward at least twice in the Irish parliament. From 1701 to 1784 he held office in Ireland as principal secretary of the lord lieutenant and as chancellor of the exchequer. A posthumous work by him was published by Malone, entitled "Parliamentary Logic" (London, 1808).

William Gordon

William Gordon, an English clergyman, born at Hitchin about 1730, died in Ipswich in October, 1807. He removed to America in 1770, was ordained minister of the third church in Roxbury in 1772, and became chaplain to the provincial congress of Massachusetts. Returning to England in 1780, he published his " History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment of the Independence of the United States of America " (4 vols., London, 1788).

William Gottlieb Schauffler

William Gottlieb Schauffler, an American missionary, born at Stuttgart, Germany, Aug. 22, 1798. He resided in Russia from his 6th to his 27th year, when he went to Turkey as an independent missionary. Feeling the need of more education, he came to America, spent five years at Andover seminary, and in 1832 was sent back to Turkey by the American board of missions. He published in English, "Essay on the right Use of Property" (1832), and "Meditations on the Last Days of Christ" (1837; new eds., 1853 and 1858). He has translated the Bible into Hebrew-Spanish and Turkish. Of the latter version the New Testament has been published, and the Pentateuch and Isaiah are in course of publication in Germany under the author's supervision (1875). He received the degree of D. D. from the university of Halle in 1867.

William Griffith

William Griffith, an English physician, born in 1810, died in Malacca, Feb. 9, 1845. He was educated at the London university, in 1832 went out to India as assistant surgeon, and was appointed by the Bengal government to examine the botany of Tenasserim. In 1835 he was selected to accompany Dr. Wallich to Assam to report on the growth of the tea plant. In 1837 he accompanied Capt. Pemberton on his mission to Bootan, and was subsequently sent to examine the vegetable productions of Afghanistan. In 1841 he was placed on the medical staff at Malacca. He collected animals as well as plants, and his collections of birds alone numbered GOO specimens.