Conybeare. I. John, an English prelate, born at Pinhoe, near Exeter, in 1692, died at Bath, July 13, 1755. He studied at Exeter college, Oxford, received orders, and was curate at Fetch am in 1717. He returned to Oxford in 1718, became successively tutor in his own college, preacher to his majesty at Whitehall, rector of St. Clement's, Oxford, and in 1730 master of Exeter college. In 1732 he published his celebrated answer to Tindal's " Christianity as old as the Creation," which Dr. War-burton styles one of the "best reasoned books in the world." In that year also he was appointed dean of Christchurch; and in 1750 he succeeded Dr. Butler in the bishopric of Bristol. A collection of his sermons was published after his death in 2 vols. 8vo. II. John Josias, an English divine and antiquary, grandson of the preceding, born in London in 1779, died in 1824. He was educated at Christchurch college, Oxford, became usher in Westminster school, and in 1807 was elected to the Anglo-Saxon professorship in the university of Oxford. He became professor of poetry in 1812, and delivered the Bampton lectures in 1824. He made valuable contributions to the annals of philosophy and science, and wrote "Illustrations of Anglo-Saxon Poetry," a work of great value.
III. William Daniel, an English divine and geologist, born at Bishopsgate, June 7, 1787, died at Itchenstoke, near Portsmouth, Aug. 12, 1857. He received his degree of B. A. in 1808, and of M. A. in 1811, at Christchurch college, Oxford. He was one of the earliest and most active members of the geological society, to whose "Transactions" he was a frequent contributor. He discovered and first described in 1821 the plesiosaurus, a discovery which was applauded by Cuvier and Buckland as one of the most important additions to the sciences of geology and comparative anatomy, and which opened the path of discovery since illustrated by the labors of Owen. He also furnished several papers on the coal districts of England, which are especially valuable as proving the relations between some of the principal British rocks and the order of their superposition. He published a course of theological lectures in 1836, delivered the Bampton lectures in 1839, and in 1845 was made dean of Llandaif. He was also a fellow of the royal society, elected in 1818, and a corresponding member of the institute of France. IV. William John, an English clergyman and author, son of the preceding, died in 1857. He published essays in the "Edinburgh Review" on ecclesiastical and social topics, one of which, on the parties within the Anglican church, attracted general attention.
These were afterward collected; and a volume of his sermons preached at the chapel royal, Whitehall, has been published. With the Rev. J. S. Howson he wrote the "Life and Epistles of St. Paul" (London, 1854). He also wrote a novel, "Perversion, or the Causes and Consequences of Infidelity," which was published a short time before his death, and in which the religious aspect of the times was exhibited and discussed. V. Henry, an English civil engineer, brother of the preceding, born at Brislington, Somersetshire, Feb. 22, 1823. On the completion of his professional education he went to India, and from 1849 to 1852 had charge of the civil engineering department of the city and island of Bombay. In 1854 his report on the best means of supplying water to the city and island was approved by the supreme government of India, and he was appointed to construct the works, which were on an unusually large scale. He returned to England in 1855, and in 1856 designed docks for the port of Bombay. The same year he was appointed lecturer on civil engineering in the royal engineers' establishment for field instruction at Chatham. He has since been engaged in the construction of public works of importance in England.