Neuters, a tribe of American Indians formerly living on both sides of the Niagara between the Hurons and Iroquois, to whom they were related, and remaining neutral in the war between those tribes, whence the name given them by the French. The Hurons called them Attiwandaronk. The Recollects in 1629, and subsequently the Jesuits, attempted missions among them without success. They informed the Recollects of the existence of oil springs in that part of the country. After the overthrow of the Hurons in 1649, the Neuters were attacked by the Iroquois, who killed many and incorporated the rest among the Five Nations of their league.
Neutra (Hung. Nyitra).
A County Of Hungary, bordering on Moravia and the counties of Trentschin, Turocz, Bars, Comorn, and Presburg; area, 2,219 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 361,005, mostly Slovaks and Roman Catholics. It exceeds all other Hungarian counties in the production of sheep and cattle, and the commerce with Moravia is very active. It is watered by the Waag, Neutra, and March, and most of the soil is very fertile. Much wine is produced, of which the best is the red Neustadt-ler. Woollen, cotton, and linen goods, and other articles, are manufactured. II- A town, capital of the county, on the river Neutra, 70 m. N. W. of Pesth; pop. in 1870, 10,683. It is the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop, and contains a cathedral, situated within a fortress on high ground, several convents, a theological seminary, and a gymnasium. In 1663 it was taken by the Turks, and in 1708 by the imperialists from the partisans of Rakoczy.
Neva, a river of Russia, flowing from the S. W. extremity of Lake Ladoga, first S. W., then N. W., and ultimately through the city of St. Petersburg, discharging by many mouths into the gulf of Finland. Its entire course is not more than 40 m., but it is very wide, has an average depth of two to three fathoms, and is of great commercial importance. It is liable, particularly at the breaking up of the ice in April, to sudden inundations, often most disastrous to St. Petersburg, which is built on the islands formed by its branches.
Nevil Maskelyne, an English astronomer, born in London, Oct. 6, 1732, died at Greenwich, Feb. 9, 1811. He graduated at Cambridge in 1754, took orders, officiated for some time as curate, and obtained a fellowship in 1756. In 1758 he became a fellow of the royal society, and in 1761 was sent to St, Helena to observe the transit of Venus. Soon after returning he was sent out to Barbadoes on board the Princess Louisa, to test the merits of Harrison's new chronometers and Irvine's marine chair! In 1705 he became astronomer royal at Greenwich. In 1772 he went to Scotland to determine the mean density of the earth by observing the effect of the mountain Schehal-lien upon the plumb line, He superintended the "Nautical Almanac," established at Lis suggestion, from 1707 till his death. He was the first to publish what is termed "a stand-ard catalogue of stars".