Richard Henry Wilde

Richard Henry Wilde, an American author, born in Dublin, Ireland, Sept. 24,1789, died in New Orleans, Sept. 10,1847. He was admitted to the Georgia bar in 1809, became attorney general of the state, and in 1815 was elected to congress, where he had a seat also in 1824-'5 and 1827-35. In 1835 he went to Italy, where he began a biography of Dante, and completed one volume in manuscript. He published " Conjectures and Researches concerning the Love, Madness, and Imprisonment of Torquato Tasso" (2 vols. 12mo, New York, 1842), which contains a number of original translations of the poems of Tasso. In 1844 he was appointed professor of common law in the university of Louisiana. His son has edited his "Hesperia," a poem (Boston, 1867).

Richard James Wyatt

Richard James Wyatt, an English sculptor, born in London, May 3, 1795, died in Rome, May 29, 1850. He studied under Canova in Rome, where he resided after 1821. His most noticeable productions are his "Nymph entering the Bath" and "Nymph leaving the Bath," "Shepherdess with a Kid," "Musidora," "Penelope," and the groups "Eucharis and Cupid," "Ino and Bacchus," and "Huntress with a Leveret and Greyhound." Ho also executed excellent portrait busts and rilievi. At the great exhibition of 1851 the medal for sculpture was awarded him posthumously.

Richard Lower

Richard Lower, an English physician, born in Cornwall about 1631, died in London in 1091. He was educated at Christchurch, Oxford, where he took the degree of M. D. at the age of 34. He was the first to successfully perform the operation of transfusion of blood upon the living animal, which he did upon the dog about 1605; an account of the operation was communicated to the royal society and published in the "Philosophical Transactions," vol, i. Taking up his residence in London, he was chosen fellow of the royal society and of the college of physicians. His principal publication was his Tractatus de Corde, item de Motu et Galore Sanguinis et Chyli in eum Transitu (London, 1669).

Richard Mead

Richard Mead, an English physician, born at Stepney, near London, in 1675, died in London, Feb. 16, 1754. He studied at Utrecht, Leyden, and Padua. In 1703 he was elected a member of the royal society, and in the same year was chosen physician of St. Thomas's hospital. In 1711 he was appointed anatomical lecturer to surgeons' hall, and in 1714 removed to London. In 1727 he was nominated physician to George II. He made valuable collections of books, antiquities, and works of art. His principal work was Medicina Sacra (London, 1748; translated into English, 1755), in which he maintains that demoniacal possessions were a species of insanity. His " Medical Works" were published in 1762 (4to, London).

Richard Monckton Milnes

See Houghton, Lord.

Richard Morris Hunt

Richard Morris Hunt, an American architect, born in Brattleboro, Vt., Oct. 28, 1828. In 1843 he went to Europe, where he studied his profession at the school of fine arts in Paris, and under Hector Lefuel, and made a tour through various parts of Europe, Greece, Asia Minor, and Egypt, Returning to Paris, he wa3 engaged as inspector under Lefuel, then architect to the emperor, on the new building connecting the Louvre and the Tuileries. On his return to America in 1855, he was employed upon the capitol extension at Washington. Since then he has executed many public and private works, of which the most important are the Presbyterian hospital, the Stevens apartment house, the Lenox library, and the Tribune building in New York; the Yale divinity college in New Haven; the Stuyvesant building, New York; the Brimmer houses, Boston; the residence of J. Q. A. Ward, New York; and several villas at Newport, R. I.