Livingston, the name of six counties in the United States.
I. A W. County Of New York, watered by the Genesee river and a number of creeks; area, 509 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 38,309. Its surface is an upland, rolling in the north and hilly in the south, and its soil is of exceeding fertility. It contains Conesus and Hemlock lakes, and mineral springs at Avon, a well known watering place. It is traversed by the Genesee Valley canal and by the Buffalo and the Rochester divisions of the Erie railway, the Dansville and Mt. Morris branch, and the Canandaigua, Batavia, and Towanda division of the New York Central railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 947,489 bushels of wheat, 579,313 of Indian corn, 779,189 of oats, 465,365 of barley, 42,140 of buckwheat, 313,274 of potatoes, 605,341 lbs. of wool, 72,140 of flax, 155,703 of hops, 1,069,-300 of butter, 39,322 of cheese, and 72,757 tons of hay. There were 11,599 horses, 11,-109 milch cows, 15,689 other cattle, 113,933 sheep, and 10,504 swine; 16 manufactories of agricultural implements, 3 of brooms and wisp brushes, 29 of carriages and wagons, 12 of cooperage, 10 of iron castings, 4 of machinery, 3 of malt, 5 of paper, 15 of saddlery and harness, 7 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 2 of woollen goods, 4 tanneries, 21 flour mills, 2 planing mills, and 16 saw mills.
Capital, Geneseo. 11 A S. E. parish of Louisiana, bounded S. and W. by Amite river, and intersected by the Tickfah; area, about 650 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,026, of whom 933 were colored. Lake Maurepas is on its S. E. border. It has a level surface and a moderately fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 46,595 bushels of Indian corn, 20,923 of sweet potatoes, 1,426 bales of cotton, 20,900 lbs. of rice, 135 hogsheads of sugar, and 3,518 gallons of molasses. There were 935 horses, 2,712 milch cows, 4,694 other cattle, 3,110 sheep, and 10,071 swine. Capital, Springfield.
III. A W. County Of Kentucky, separated from Illinois by the Ohio, bordered S. by the Tennessee, and intersected by the Cumberland river; area, 245 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,200, of whom 1,052 were colored. The chief productions in 1870 were 27,525 bushels of wheat, 308,298 of Indian corn, 30,726 of oats, 23,735 of potatoes, 1,086,-578 lbs. of tobacco, 11,996 of wool, and 44,512 of butter. There were 1,429 horses, 701 mules and asses, 1,439 milch cows, 2,654 other cattle, 6,344 sheep, and 10,997 swine; 2 flour mills, 3 saw mills, and 2 manufactories of barrels and casks. Capital, Smithland.
IV. A N. E. County Of Illinois, drained by the Vermilion river; area, 1,026 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 31,471. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The Chicago and Alton, the Toledo, Peoria, and Warsaw, and the Illinois Central railroads pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 130,545 bushels of wheat, 1,182,696 of Indian corn, 659,300 of oats, 93,788 of potatoes, 27,979 lbs. of wool, 809,020 of butter, and 64,013 tons of hay. There were 13,897 horses, 10,225 milch cows, 14,651 other cattle, 6,766 sheep, and 28,100 swine; 8 manufactories of carriages, 7 of saddlery and harness, 3 of sash, doors, and blinds, 6 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 2 of woollen goods, and 5 flour mills. Capital, Pontiac.
V. A S. E. County Of Michigan, drained by Huron, Shiawassee, and Red Cedar rivers; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,336. The surface is undulating, and the soil, which consists of a rich black sandy loam, is very fertile. The Detroit, Lansing, and Lake Michigan railroad crosses it. The chief productions in 1870 were 673,701 bushels of wheat, 454,923 of Indian corn, 247,801 of oats, 40,481 of barley, 293,832 of potatoes, 106,229 lbs. of hops, 455,540 of wool, 751,357 of butter, and 43,027 tons of hay. There were 7,185 horses, 7,129 milch cows, 8,696 other cattle, 103,527 sheep, and 9,923 swine; 13 manufactories of carriages, 6 of cooperage, 6 of iron castings, 2 of machinery, 2 of sash, doors, and blinds, 4 flour mills, and 8 saw mills. Capital, Howell.
VI. A N. Tv. County Of Missouri, watered by Grand river and its branches, the Crooked Fork, Medicine, and Shoal creeks; area, 510 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 16,730, of whom 956 were colored. The surface is level and the soil fertile. The Hannibal and St. Joseph railroad and the Chillicothe and Omaha branch of the St. Louis, Kansas City, and Northern line cross it. The chief productions in 1870 were 141,657 bushels of wheat, 756,428 of Indian corn, 248,535 of oats, 57,817 of potatoes, 323,362 lbs. of tobacco, 292,694 of wool, 239,507 of butter, and 5,917 tons of hay. There were 5,182 horses, 1,033 mules and asses, 4,250 milch cows, 7,485 other cattle, 14,262 sheep, and 17,396 swine; 5 manufactories of brick, 1 of sash, doors, and blinds, 6 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 4 flour mills, and 8 saw mills. Capital, Chillicothe.