Effect of mistake on contracts....................................... 1535

Confusion concerning elements of contract............................ 1536

Elements of contract in equity...................................... 1537

Confusion between void and voidable transactions..................... 1538

Distinction between transfer of title and enforceability of contract........ 1539

Distinction between fraud, honest mis representation, and mistake........ 1540

Effects of mistake........................... ...................... 1541

Remedies for mistake.............................................. 1542

Kinds of mistake - compromise...................................... 1543

Mistake to justify rescission must relate to a fundamental assumption...... 1544

Mistake in the formation and mistake in the performance of a contract.. ............ 1545

Classification of the Civil law........................................ 1546

Reformation of mistake in repression of contract...................... 1547

Reasons and limits of reformation................................... 1548

Reformation can only make a writing express what parties intended should be written...................................................... 1549

Reformation of conveyances......................................... 1550

Reformation of releases............................................. 1551

Effect of parol evidence rule and Statute of Frauds on right of reformation of executed transactions.......................................... 1552

Executory contracts in England............... ..................... 1553

Executory contracts which are not within the Statute of Frauds in the United

States......................................................... 1554

Executory contracts which are within the Statute in the United States..............1555

Voluntary or- illegal writings......................................... 1556

Rescission........................................................ 1557

Mistake as to the person contracted with............................. 1558

Error in regard to an object to which the contract relates............... 1559

Non-existence of goods sold......................................... 1560

A sale of specific goods is void if goods not in existence................. 1561

Partial destruction of the goods prior to the sale....................... 1562

Inferior quality of the goods........................................ 1563

Rules of the Civil law............................................... 1564

Mistake as to title to personal property............................... 1565

Mistake as to existence or title to real estate.......................... 1566

Mistake as to the existence of ore.................................... 1567

Mistake as to insurance risk......................................... 1568

Collateral mistake generally immaterial...............................1569

When collateral mistake is material.................................. 1570

Mistake as to area of land.......................................... 1571

Mistake as to the character of money or securities..................... 1572

Unilateral mistake................................................. 1573

Recovery of money paid under a mistake of fact........................ 1574

Recovery of the value of goods or services rendered under a mistake....... 1575

Demand........................................................... 1576

Unilateral mistake as to contents of writing............................ 1577

Relief sometimes allowed for unilateral mistake in other cases............ 1578

Criticism of relief for unilateral mistake............................... 1579

An executed or partially executed transaction will not be rescinded for unilateral mistake................................................... 1580

Mistake of law..................................................... 1581

General statements deny relief for mistake of law....................... 1582

Mistake of law in the Civil law...................................... 1583

Exceptions to the rule denying relief for mistake of law.................. 1584

Mistake of law as to meaning of instrument is ground for reformation...... 1585 limits of possibility of reformation for mistake of law................... 1586

Mistake as to legal consequences..................................... 1587

Mistake of matter of law affecting the situation antecedent to the bargain.. .. 1588

Mistake as to antecedent private rights............................... 1589

Money paid under a mistake of law by a public officer or to an officer of the court............................................................ 1590

Mistake of law induced by the other party............................. 1591

Mistake of foreign law............................................... 1592

Mistake must be injurious........................................... 1593

Prompt election and restoration of the status quo........................ 1594

Change of position bars recovery of money paid under a mistake.......... 1595

Negligence and laches............................................... 1596

Burden of clear proof is on complainant............................... 1597

Law and equity; rescission at law.................................... 1598

Reformation at law................................................. 1599

Accidental loss or destruction of writings.............................. 1600