What is more beautiful in the landscape than the intensely brilliant colours of the autumn foliage of many of our trees and shrubs? More plants should be used for the value of their autumn foliage effect. (A) - burning bush; (B) - dark green golden bell; (C) - maple-leaved viburnum; (D) - sassafras; (E) - maidenhair tree; (F) - sourwood. (In colour)...........247

In solving the difficult planting problems on exposed lake fronts and river fronts there is no plant in the limited list of adaptable types to excel the beach-plum...........254












The problem of developing desirable undergrowth plantings in wooded areas requires much study of plants as nature places them. The rhododendron, except in exposed locations, is "happy" in woodland areas where soil conditions meet the root requirements . . 255

In open sunny exposures on sandy or light loam soil there is no ground cover which surpasses the Japanese spurge in richness of colour or interesting texture of foliage, especially in combination with plantings of evergreens............270

Our garden steps can be made a part of the flower garden, and not the usual cold and uninviting mass of stone or brick, by a well-designed grouping of plants adapted for growth in the earth crevices among the rocks. Note the use of candytuft, ground phlox, moss pinks, varieties of stonecrops, and rock cress.......271

The large garden filled with perennials usually consists of larger groups of flowering perennials which produce masses of colour during their period of bloom. Iris, phlox, hollyhocks, gladioli, larkspur, and anemone produce the more important flower effects in this garden.................286

A cut-flower garden; the central part filled with annuals and the outer border of perennials serving as a frame with shrubs in the extreme background. A garden of this kind can have a succession of bloom throughout the flowering season........287

Many of our common garden perennials possess the possibilities to produce very interesting colour effects through the colour combinations of the flowers. (A) - Italian alkanet; (B) - hardy marguerite. (In colour).................294

During the early spring no woodland wild garden is complete without its quota of miliums, grape hyacinth, and hepatica which grow luxuriantly if happily surrounded by conditions of soil and shade . . 302

Among those plants which become easily established in the wild garden there is none the flower effect of which excels the Japanese windflower during the late summer..........303

In the selection of perennials for the garden not only should the possibilities of interesting colour combinations in the flower effects be observed, but also the possibilities for interesting texture of foliage. (A) - larkspur; (B) - lemon lily (commonly called day lily). (In colour)..................310

A few water-lilies may enhance a picture such as the above, but a proper restraint in their use and control is always desirable . . . 318

The artificial lake or pond may receive a natural effect if the banks near the water's edge are planted with groups of water-loving plants. In this picture one sees the marsh-mallow, day-lily, iris, plantain-lily, loosestrife, plume grass, and showy sedum successfully used. . 319

There are those who much prefer to develop their formal flower garden picture entirely by the use of annuals. This garden which is not for a source of cut flowers is filled with heliotrope, yellow tulip poppy, snapdragon, pentstemon, annual carnation, candytuft, and others not recognizable from this picture...........334 xxviii











An informal planting of Scotch pines and Mugho pines may be accented by the use of a few specimens of lilies to brighten the landscape picture as well as to serve as a background for the flowering effect of the lilies..................334

Plate LXIIList Of Illustrations Part 3 84

Plate LXII. Used as a tree for screen effects, specimen planting, or hedges, the Australian pine is throughout southern Florida one of the most freely used plants. (See page 310, group XLIII-J)


Plate LXIII. The yellow allamanda, desirable because of its heavy foliage, and because of its beautiful yellow flowers, is frequently selected for use in Florida plantings as a shrub or a vine. (See page 305, group XLIII-F)

The knotweed is not only one of the most rapid-growing vines, but its abundance of delicate white flowers and its long-blooming period make it valuable for many locations on the lattice framework. A - First summer after transplanting; B - Second summer after transplanting ..................334

One of the best vines for use on masonry walls is the Boston ivy, but no vine should be allowed to overpower fine architectural details. This illustration also shows a perfectly developed European beech hedge (ten years old) planted in a single row with plants eighteen inches apart.................335

A pleasing combination of the vigorous climbing wisteria used together with window boxes filled with periwinkle to relieve the heavy and otherwise bare architectural effect.........350

Nasturtiums, marigolds, English ivy, periwinkle, and petunias make a window box foliage and flower effect which adds greatly to the attractiveness of any home ..............350

During the months of April and May the flower garden filled with refined types of tulips carefully arranged to produce masses of colour is the equal of the garden at any other month of the growing season. This garden is filled with the tall types of Darwin tulips. . . . 350

With the first touch of spring the crocus begins to bloom upon the lawn. This plant can adapt itself either to the refined lawn area or to the woodland and field areas...........351

There is always an opportunity, on every larger estate, for the naturalizing of bulbs. Poet s narcissus is quite happy in a wild garden or field environment...............366

Throughout the southern states the creeping fig is one of the most desirable vines for growth on masonry walls. It develops interesting foliage of a fine texture and is a vigorous grower and compares favourably with the Lowe's Boston ivy so successfully used in the northern states.................. 367

Used as a tree for screen effects, specimen planting, or hedges, the Australian pine is throughout southern Florida one of the most freely used plants...............374

The yellow allamanda desirable because of its heavy foliage, and because of its beautiful yellow flowers, is frequently neglected for use in Florida plantings as a shrub or a vine.........375