Wayne, the name of 15 counties in the United States.

I. A N. W. County Of New York

A N. W. County Of New York, bordering on Lake Ontario, and intersected by Clyde river; area, 572 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 47,710; in 1875, 49,882. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. Iron ore, water limestone, and gypsum abound, and there are salt and sulphur springs. It is traversed by the New York Central railroad and the Erie canal, also by the Lake Ontario Shore and Sodus and Southern railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 476,348 bushels of wheat, 685,309 of Indian corn, 924,719 of oats, 408,962 of barley, 429,791 of potatoes, 1,615,325 lbs. of butter, 136,186 of cheese, 299,907 of wool, 25,850 of tobacco, and 63,616 tons of hay. This county ranks first in peppermint culture in the United States. There were 13,284 horses, 16,208 milch cows, 12,039 other cattle, 53,942 sheep, and 14,127 swine. The whole number of manufactories was 588; capital invested, $1,869,868; value of products, $3,451,334. The principal establishments were 22 manufactories of agricultural implements, 41 of carriages and wagons, 10 of cheese, 35 of cooperage, 1 of glassware, 16 of iron castings, 3 of machinery, 9 of malt, 57 of essences, 17 flour mills, 10 tanneries, 10 currying establishments, 5 planing mills, and 25 saw mills.

Capital, Lyons.

II. A N. E. County Of Pennsylvania

A N. E. County Of Pennsylvania, bordering on New York, bounded E. by the Delaware river, and drained by Lackawaxen and other creeks; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870,33,188. The surface is mostly hilly, and in the "W. part somewhat mountainous. Iron ore is found. It is intersected by the Delaware and Hudson canal, and by the Pennsylvania coal company's and the Erie railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 1,732 bushels of wheat, 15,075 of rye, 95,483 of Indian corn, 215,459 of oats, 92,364 of buckwheat, 255,355 of potatoes, 1,055,076 lbs. of butter, 49,526 of wool, and 59,756 tons of hay. There were 3,832 horses, 11,096 milch cows, 12,946 other cattle, 16,468 sheep, and 4,965 swine; 6 manufactories of agricultural implements, 11 of carriages and wagons, 3 of iron castings, 1 of engines and boilers, 5 of turned and carved wood, 18 tanneries, 2 planing mills, 63 saw mills, and 1 woollen mill. Capital, Honesdale.

III. A S. W. County Of West Virginia

A S. W. County Of West Virginia, separated from Kentucky by Sandy river, and from Ohio by the Ohio river; area, 415 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 7,852, of whom 153 were colored. The surface is very hilly,' and in most parts covered with forests. Bituminous coal and iron ore are abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,327 bushels of wheat, 294,863 of Indian corn, 27,131 of oats, 21,759 of potatoes, 68,967 lbs. of butter, 17,022 of wool, 58,230 of tobacco, and 1,039 tons of hay. There were 1,398 horses, 1,827 milch cows, 4,344 other cattle, 9,723 sheep, and 10,120 swine. Capital, Wayne Court House.

IV. An E. County Of North Carolina

An E. County Of North Carolina, intersected by the Neuse river; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 18,144, of whom 8,140 were colored. The surface is generally level and the soil sandy. Extensive pine forests cover much of the county, and large quantities of lumber, tar, and turpentine are exported. It is traversed by the North Carolina, Atlantic and North Carolina, and Weldon and Wilmington railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 9,413 bushels of wheat, 297,546 of Indian corn, 12,216 of oats, 30,558 of peas and beans, 75,220 of sweet potatoes, 19,960 lbs. of butter, 8,348 of wool, 1,905 of tobacco, 22,996 of rice, and 5,617 bales of cotton. There were 1,162 horses, 2,091 milch cows, 3,810 other cattle, 4,102 sheep, and 16,790 swine. Capital, Goldsboro. V, A S. E. county of Georgia, bounded N. E. by the Altamaha, and intersected by the Santilla river; area, 594 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,177, of whom 379 were colored. The surface is level, abounding with pine forests, and the soil sandy. It is traversed by the Atlantic and Gulf, the Brunswick and Albany, and the Macon and Brunswick railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,597 bushels of Indian corn, 7,092 of oats, 18,017 of sweet potatoes, 6,042 lbs. of butter, 8,595 of rice, and 12,518 of honey.

There were 257 horses, 2,703 milch cows, 4,457 other cattle, 480 sheep, and 4,905 swine. Capital, Jesup.

VI. A S. E. County Of Mississippi

A S. E. County Of Mississippi, bordering on Alabama, intersected by the Chickasawha river, and by the Mobile and Ohio railroad; area, 790 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,206, of whom 1,636 were colored. The surface is undulating and the soil sandy. The chief productions in 1870 were 46,819 bushels of Indian corn, 12,947 of sweet potatoes, and 740 bales of cotton. There were 442 horses, 1,594 milch cows, 2,933 other cattle, 1,615 sheep, and 4,506 swine. Capital, Waynesborough.

VII. A S. W. County Of Tennessee

A S. W. County Of Tennessee, bordering on Alabama, bounded N. W. by the Tennessee river, and drained by Buffalo river and several creeks; area, about 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,209, of whom 893 were colored. The surface is hilly and the soil fertile. Iron ore is abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 47,428 bushels of wheat, 484,861 of Indian corn, 19,314 of oats, 13,887 of Irish and 14,927 of sweet potatoes, 108,030 lbs. of butter, 17,856 of wool, 26,769 of tobacco, and 1,101 bales of cotton. There were 2,500 horses, 2,898 milch cows, 5,558 other cattle, 9,674 sheep, and 24,841 swine; 1 manufactory of pig iron, 1 of cement, 10 tanneries, 10 currying establishments, 5 saw mills, and 2 flour mills. Capital, Waynesborough.

VIII. A S. County Of Kentucky

A S. County Of Kentucky, bordering on Tennessee, bounded N. by Cumberland river, and E. by South fork; area, 570 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,612, of whom 675 were colored. The surface is hilly, and the soil, especially along the streams, very fertile. Bituminous coal and iron ores are very abundant. The chief productions in 1870 were 44,255 bushels of wheat, 414,607 of Indian corn, 79,962 of oats, 24,228 of Irish and 14,787 of sweet potatoes, 214,086 lbs. of butter, 29,910 of wool, and 45,782 of tobacco. There were 2,734 horses, 3,017 milch cows, 6,188 other cattle, 15,659 sheep, and 22,322 swine. Capital, Monticello.

IX. A N. E. County Of Ohio

A N. E. County Of Ohio, drained by a branch of the Walhonding river, and by Killbuck creek and other streams; area, 660 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 35,116. The surface is undulating, and the soil a deep clayey loam of remarkable fertility. Bituminous coal and limestone abound. It is traversed by the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago, the Cleveland, Mount Vernon, and Delaware, and the Atlantic and Great Western railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 109,119 bushels of wheat, 920,537 of Indian corn, 897,965 of oats, 43,537 of barley, 166,354 of potatoes, 1,117,442 lbs. of butter, 297,383 of wool, 13,300 of tobacco, and 55,881 tons of hay. There were 11,430 horses, 12,218 milch cows, 13,613 other cattle, 69,227 sheep, and 35,746 swine; 3 manufactories of agricultural implements, 26 of carriages and wagons, 2 of dressed flax, 4 of iron castings, 2 of machinery, 1 of paper, 1 of whips, 7 of woollens, 9 flour mills, 13 tanneries, 12 currying establishments, 2 planing mills, and 18 saw mills. Capital, Wooster.

X. An E. County Of Indiana, Bordering On Ohio

Bordering On Ohio An E. County Of Indiana, and drained by Whitewater river and its tributaries; area, 420 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 34,048. The surface is undulating, and the soil extremely fertile. It is traversed by the Whitewater canal and several railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 470,641 bushels of wheat, 1,000,160 of Indian corn, 165,100 of oats, 77,290 of potatoes, 319,970 lbs. of butter, 42,038 of wool, 52,330 of tobacco, and 9,214 tons of hay. There were 7,187 horses, 5,442 milch cows, 9,171 other cattle, 11,960 sheep, and 34,390 swine; 6 manufactories of agricultural implements, 14 of carriages and wagons, 2 of iron castings, 8 of machinery, 1 of linseed oil, 5 of woollens, 13 Hour mills, 4 tanneries, 4 currying establishments, 1 brewery, and 14 saw mills. Capital, Richmond.

XI. A S. E. County Of Illinois

A S. E. County Of Illinois, intersected by the Little Wabash river and its affluent, Skillet fork; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,758. The surface is generally level, diversified by prairie and woodland, and the soil is fertile.- The Springfield and Illinois Southeastern railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 164,955 bushels of wheat, 1,179,291 of Indian corn, 404,482 of oats, 69,872 of potatoes, 233,295 lbs. of butter, 72,355 of wool, 541,605 of tobacco, and 20,130 tons of hay. There were 7,890 horses, 1,296 mules and asses, 5,843 milch cows, 10,524 other cattle, 28,967 sheep, and 39,427 swine; 25 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 10 flour mills, 17 saw mills, and 2 woollen mills. Capital, Fairfield.

XII. A S. E. County Of Michigan

A S. E. County Of Michigan, bordering on Lakes Erie and St. Clair, bounded E. by Detroit river and S. W. by Huron river, and drained by Rouge and Huron rivers and their branches; area, 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 119,038; in 1874, 144,903. The surface is undulating in the W. part and level in other portions, and the soil is very fertile. Limestone of a superior quality is found, and there are sulphur springs. It is traversed by several railroads terminating at Detroit. The chief productions in 1870 were 239,501 bushels of wheat, 413,284 of Indian corn, 477,321 of oats, 28,068 of barley, 28,295 of buckwheat, 440,569 of potatoes, 891,305 lbs. of butter, 60,850 of cheese, 204,543 of wool, and 57,367 tons of hay. There were on farms 10,118 horses, 11,927 milch cows, 8,465 other cattle, 42,683 sheep, and 12,655 swine. The whole number of manufactories was 1,191; capital invested, $14,732,160; value of products, $26,217,685. Most of them are in the capital, Detroit.

XIII. A S. County Of Iowa, Bordering On Missouri

Bordering On Missouri A S. County Of Iowa, and drained by the South fork of the Chariton river; area, 510 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,287. The surface is undulating and the soil very fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 109,702 bushels of wheat, 560,828 of Indian corn, 184,531 of oats, 39,260 of potatoes, 230,975 lbs. of butter, 50,570 of wool, 5,049 of tobacco, and 19,291 tons of hay. There were 4,418 horses, 3,627 milch cows, 7,453 other cattle, 18,750 sheep, and 14,142 swine; 1 woollen mill, 1 flour mill, and 3 saw mills. Capital, Corydon.

XIV. A N. E. County Of Nebraska

A N. E. County Of Nebraska, drained by affluents of Elkhorn river; area, about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 182; in 1875, 431. The surface consists of rolling prairies, and the soil is productive. Capital, La Porte.

XV. A S. E. County Of Missouri

A S. E. County Of Missouri, watered by the St. Francis, Big Blackwater, and Castor rivers; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,068, of whom 67 were colored. The surface is undulating, and the soil in some parts fertile. Timber is scarce. Mingo swamp extends into the S. E. border. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,819 bushels of wheat, 293,569 of Indian corn, 31,121 of oats, 8,380 of Irish and 3,739 of sweet potatoes, 54,309 lbs. of butter, 11,803 of wool, and 47,054 of tobacco. There were 1,781 horses, 1,636 milch cows, 3,435 other cattle, 7,133 sheep, and 16,259 swine. Capital, Greenville.