Joliann Kristen Clausen Dahl

Joliann Kristen Clausen Dahl, a Norwegian landscape painter, born in Bergen, Feb. 24, 1788, died in Dresden, Oct. 14, 1857. He had resided in Dresden since 1818. In 1820-'21 he visited the Tyrol, Naples, and Rome, in company with Christian VIII. of Denmark. His works include a "Coast View of Bergen," "The Shipwreck," "Saxon Switzerland," and a great "Winter Landscape in Seeland".

Joliann Lorenz Von Mosheim

Joliann Lorenz Von Mosheim, a German ecclesiastical historian, born in Lubeck, Oct. 9, 1694, died in Gottingen, Sept. 9, 1755. He was educated at the gymnasium of Lubeck and the university of Kiel, where he became professor of philosophy. From 1723 to 1747 he was professor of theology at Helmstedt, and afterward till his death divinity professor and chancellor of the university of Gottingen. He was the author of a large number of works, the principal of which are Institutiones Historian Ecclesiastical, Antiquioris et Eecentioris (2 vols., Helmstedt, 1726), and Be Reims Chris-tianorum ante Constantinum Magnum Comrnentarii (1753). The best English translation of these works is by James Murdock, D. D., "Institutes of Ecclesiastical History " (3 vols., New Haven, 1832; revised, New York, 1839), and " Commentaries on the Affairs of the Christians before Constantine" (2 vols., New York, 1855).

Joliann Wilhelm Joseph Braux

Joliann Wilhelm Joseph Braux, a German theologian, born near Duren, Prussia, April 27, 1801, died in Bonn, Sept. 30, 1863. He was ordained at Vienna in 1825, completed his studies at Rome, and became professor in the university of Bonn in 1827. In conjunction with Hermes and Droste-Htilshoff, he founded Die Zeitschrift fur Philosophie unci Tcatholische Theologie. In 1835 Hermes's lectures were suspended by order of the Vatican, and in 1837 Braun proceeded to Rome; but his efforts to change the decision of the pope were not successful, and in 1843 he was himself compelled to relinquish his professorship. In 1848 he became a member of the Frankfort parliament, and in 1850 of the first chamber of the Prussian diet. He was the author of a number of works, theological, literary, and political.

Joliaun Christian Felix Bahr

Joliaun Christian Felix Bahr, a German philologist, born in Darmstadt, June 13,1798. He was educated at Heidelberg, and became professor there in 1820, and subsequently chief director of the university library, and of the lyceum and the philological seminary. His principal works are: Geschichte der romischen Literatur (3 vols., Carlsruhe, 1828; 4th ed., 1808), and Herodot (1832-'5; new ed., 4 vols., Leipsic, 1855-'61).


See Niger.


I. A W. county of Quebec, Canada, bounded S. E. by the St. Lawrence river; area, 2,669 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 23,075, of whom 22,020 were of French descent. It is drained by the river L'Assomption and several smaller streams. II. A town, capital of the county, on L'Assomption river, 42 m. N. N. E. of Montreal; pop. in 1871, 3,047. It is connected by a railway 12 m. long with a harbor on the St. Lawrence. Joliette is the business centre of the surrounding country, has a weekly market, and carries on an exten-sive trade in agricultural produce and lumber. It contains large grist, saw, carding, and fulling mills, an extensive foundery, a tannery, quarries of limestone, a college, a French weekly newspaper, a hospital, and a convent.