Exmoor Forest, in the west of Somersetshire and north-east of Devon, is a wild, mostly uncultivated waste, consisting of long ranges of steep hills and lonely valleys, and bordered by deep wooded glens. The hills rise in Dunkery Beacon to 1707 feet, in Chapman Barrow to 1540, and in Span Head to 1610. The 'forest' proper is about 25 sq. ra. in area, but with the adjacent commons Exmoor extends over 100. The outlines are less bold and rugged, and the general aspect far less stern and desolate than that of Dartmoor, ribbed and spread with granite. Though 'improvements' were attempted in 1818, and many trees planted by Mr J. Knight, who had purchased the forest from the crown, Exmoor is still in the main covered with grass, bracken, and heather, with dangerous bogs near the hilltops. Where it ranges down to the coast near Lynton, the scenery is very bold and picturesque. The Exe, Barle, Mole, and the two Lyns are the chief streams rising here. Gold has been found in Northmolton parish, and copper-mines have been worked there from time to time. There is a native breed of very small ponies, known as Exmoor ponies, stout and hardy, as well as a local breed of horned sheep of high quality ; and Exmoor is the only place in England where the red deer still run wild. Staghounds have been kept here and stag-hunting followed since at least 1598. Exmoor is the chief scene in Black-more's Lorna Boone, which is based largely on local traditions, and which abounds with admirable descriptions of its most characteristic scenery. See also works by H. B. Hall (1849), C. P. Collyns (1862), J. Fortescne (1886), E. J. Rawle (1893), and F. J. Snell (1903).