This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The show of vegetables was so uniformly good, that it is difficult to particularize. Perhaps the most interesting collections were the new varieties of potatoes, from B. K. Bliss & Son, of New York, and E. S. Brow-nell, of Essex Junction, Vt. Messrs. Bliss exhibited the Snowflake and Alpha, the latter said to be ten days earlier than Early Rose, and also the Conqueror tomato, claimed to be ten days earlier than any other. Mr. Brownell exhibited Early Nonsuch, Eureka, Brownell's Beauty (also specimens of the crop of 1873) and Early Rose. Several kinds in both these collections were exhibited for the Whitcomb prize of $200, for the best seedling potato, to be awarded four years hence. J. J. H. Gregory exhibited a new squash which he deems superior to the Marblehead, of light green color mottled with white, and having a very hard shell.
The principal prizes for plants were: 1st, to William Gray Jr., for the best twelve greenhouse and stove plants, one of the best grown collections in the hall, comprising Bo-napartea juncea, B. gracilis, B. filifera, Yucca aloifolia variegata, Dracaena arborea, Phenix reclinata, Latania borbonica, Cocos plumosa, Chamsedora elegantissima, Phormium tenax var., Chamaerope excelsa, and Agave univittata; 2d prize for the same to Hovey & Co., whose collection included a very fine specimen of Dracaena Veitchii, fifteen feet high; a Pan-danus ornatus, extra fine; P. reflexus, a splendid P. elegantissimus, a very fine Chamaerops Fortunei, Cocos coronatus, etc.
The 1st prize for specimen plant, not variegated, was awarded to W. Gray Jr., for a very fine Yucca recurva; 2d, to Hovey & Co., for Pandanus Yandermeerschi. For the best specimen flowering plant to Mrs. T. W. Ward, for Stigmaphyllon ciliatum; 2d, to Hovey & Co., for Allamanda Hendersonii.
For the best six variegated leaved plants to James Comley, for an unusually fine collection, comprising Abutilon niveum variega-tum, Dracaena Chelsoni, Croton Veitchii, C. Weismannii, Phormium Colensoi var. and Dieffenbachia Bausei; 2d prize to Hovey & Co. For the best specimen variegated plant to F. L. Ames, for an unusually fine Cissus discolor; 2d, to W. Gray Jr., for Phormium Colensoi var. F. L. Ames and Hovey & Co. received the 1st and 2d prizes respectively, for Caladiums, both collections being very fine.
For the best twelve ferns, the prize was awarded to William Edgar, gardener to Hon. William Claflin, for Adiantum Farleyense, A. cuneatum, A. formosum, A. conoinnum, A. amabile, Gleichenia Speluncae, Pteris serru-lata major magnifica, Cyathea princeps, C. regale, C. Schiedei, Gymnogramma Peruviana argyrophylla and G. calomelanos; 2d prize to J. W. Merrill, for Adiantum scutum, Cibo-tium Schiedei, Davallia ornata, Dicksonia antarctica, Dictyogramma Japonica (new), Gymnogramma Wettenhalliana, Lygodium circinale (new), L. scandens, L. palmatum, Notholaena rufa (new), Polypodium cuspida-tum (new), and Pteris tricolor. Both these collections were exceedingly beautiful. Mr. Claflin's plants were larger, but Mr. Merrill's included several new varieties.
The 1st prize for six ferns was awarded to Joseph Clark, gardener to Mrs. Ward, for a very handsome plant of Lygodium scandens, Adiantum trapeziforme, a magnificent plant, three feet in diameter; A. macrophyllum, a peculiarly attractive species, having the young fronds tipped with reddish chocolate, etc.; 2d prize to J. W. Merrill, for Nephrolepis Yollingerianum, and othernew and noticeable kinds.
For Lycopods, the 1st prize was awarded to William Claflin, for a very fine collection; 2d, to Walsh Brothers, whose plants though smaller, were distinct. Hovey & Co. received the 1st prize for Dracaenas and also for Palms, including a very fine specimen of Seaforthia elegans, fifteen feet high; 2d prize for Palms to Wm. Gray Jr. The prize for the best new pot plant was awarded to C. S. Sargent, for Cocos Weddelliana, a new dwarf palm for table decoration.
Messrs. Hovey & Co.'s large palms added very much to the general appearance of the exhibition. They deserve great credit for their exhibition of plants, filling five stands, besides a fine collection of evergreens for which they received the Hunnewell prize.
L. Menand, of Albany, N. Y., filled two stands in the center of the hall with a fine collection of plants, among which were two excellent specimens of Araucaria Bidwilliana, Bonapartea (Dasylirion) glauca, B. histrix compacts, Zamia (Encephalartos) l'Hommeii, Pilocereus senilis from Mexico, and a plant raised from a cutting of the same, much less hairy, Phalaenopsis grandiflora aurea, a rare and beautiful orchid; Cypripedium Lowii, Cycas Kinmonianum, Agave Verschaffeltii and A. Xalapensis, both fine specimens, Retinospora obtusa, variety nana variegata, R. lycopodioides variegata and Camellia Ja-ponica fol. var. We do not recollect ever to have seen a collection of plants brought so far as Mr. Menand's, but notwithstanding the long journey, they arrived in perfect condition, and were greatly admired. They were carefully labelled with the names of their native countries, which added much to their interest. Mr. Hunnewell's beautiful collection of evergreens comprised sixty varieties of every color, from the delicate glaucous hue of Retinospora decussata, to the golden tipped Thuya George Peabody, Retinospora obtusa aurea, and R. picifera aurea; and every form from the fine foliage of Thuya Youngiana and Cryptomeria elegans to the coral-like branches of the Araucarias Among the most striking kinds were Biota elegantissima, Cupressus Lawsoni and erecta viridis, Cephalotaxus drupacea, Retinospora squamosa, Araucaria, Cookii and A. imbricata.
Among the new and rare plants shown by James Comley, were Cupania filicifolia, Aralia Veitchii, Cyanophyllum Bowmanni, Dioscorea illus-trata, new Caladiums, Coleus, Cissus, Crotons, Begonias, etc. James McTear exhibited Desmodium pendulifolia, said to be hardy.
Fine collections of dahlias were shown by George Everett, Macey Randall and S. G. Stone. The cut flowers were contributed by John Parker, G. A. Law, James Comley, James O'Brien, A. McLaren, W. H. Spooner, C. H. B. Breck, and were better kept up than ever before. Mr. Breck also showed a-fine collection of Lycopods, Caladiums, Coleus, Crotons and other hot-house plants. James Nugent contributed two large bouquets for the Bradlee vases. Baskets of flowers, bouquets and designs were contributed by Mrs. E. M. Gill, James Nugent, Miss S. W. Story, Mrs. A. D. Wood, Hovey & Co., Mrs. S. Joyce and M. W. Pray - Mrs. Wood's tabic design being particularly admired. Mrs. C. S. Horner exhibited a beautiful stand of wild flowers, and Henry Youell, Richard Allison, and James Lester designs for laying out flower gardens. On the stage were arranged collections of rare and curious cacti, semper-vivums, echeverias, and other succulents from L. Guerineau, Hovey & Co. and John C. Hovey, and of Agaves from C. S. Sargent.
At Horticultural Hall, George Craft exhibited a large and beautiful stand of gladioli, and John Cadness, of Flushing, N. Y., a profusion of flowers of the new Hydrangea paniculata flore pleno. Plants for the decoration of the fruit tables were also contributed by Hovey & Co. and John L. Bird. R. M.
Juniperu Excelsa Stricta - This new evergreen shrub is recommended by the English journals for planting on terraces and in similar situations. Its form is pyramidal and elegant, the color of its leaves silvery; the young plants are very striking.
For roses it is found that the briar is the best stock on a clay soil, and the Marietti stock on a sandy or light soil.