books

previous page: Chemistry Of Chelation In Cancer | by Arthur Furst
  
page up: Cancer Books
  
next page: Chemistry Of Enzymes In Cancer | by Franz Bergel

Cancer Manual For Public Health Nurses | by The National Cancer Institute



This manual includes current information about cancer of selected sites, including treatment and nursing care. Emphasis is placed on the function of the public health nurse in a cancer control program and care of the whole patient-psychological as well as physical.

TitleCancer Manual For Public Health Nurses
AuthorNational Cancer Institute
PublisherNational Cancer Institute
Year1963
Copyright1963, National Cancer Institute
AmazonCancer Nursing: A Manual For Public Health Nurses
-Introduction
It is now over a decade since the first manual on Cancer Nursing was written. In recent years there have been numerous requests for a publication containing information about newer therapies and all...
-Part I. Cancer As An Illness. Cancer
It is generally believed that cancer is not one disease, but is, instead, a group of complex malignant processes. The most widely accepted theory is that every cancer begins from changes in a single c...
-How Cancer Spreads
Malignant tumors have the capacity to spread beyond their primary site and invade other tissues. The spread of neoplastic cells through the body may take diverse forms and is intricate and capricious....
-Scope Of The Problem
Although cancer is usually spoken of as a single disease, it is in reality a number of diseases, each manifested by an abnormal rate of growth. Incidence The incidence rate for each site varies ...
-Prevention of Cancer
Prevention against any disease that affects large numbers of people is the ultimate aim of all public health programs. Since very little is known about the etiology of cancer, primary prevention is li...
-Precancerous Conditions
There are some authorities such as Ackerman, the pathologist, who have stated that use of the term precancerous should be reserved for those lesions which will at some future time inevitably become ...
-Importance Of Early Diagnosis And Treatment
The early diagnosis and treatment of cancer is of the utmost importance in light of the limitations which exist in relation to the primary prevention of cancer. At the present time cancer of most site...
-Methods Of Diagnosis
It is generally agreed that the prognosis of treated cancer patients is better when a diagnosis of cancer is made before spread and metastasis occurs. To insure a diagnosis of early cancer a physician...
-Treatment
Today there are many forms of treatment available to the physician who is planning a medical regimen for the patient with cancer. However, in spite of the many advances in treatment, e.g., chemotherap...
-Palliative Therapy
There are many forms of palliation which physicians employ to help patients whose disease has progressed beyond the stage which permits a cure. Due to limitations of space we will mention only a few o...
-Clinical Research Studies
It would be impossible to enumerate all of the research efforts which seem to hold promise for the future. However, a few of the more promising will be mentioned in brief, to stimulate the hopeful fee...
-The Impact Of Cancer
While a few studies have been done, there is little evidence that there is any set pattern of reaction to a diagnosis or potential diagnosis of cancer. In assessing patients' reactions it is important...
-Part II. Activities Of The Public Health Nurse. Case Finding
Every nurse has an opportunity to assist in the community effort to control cancer. The very nature of her work with all ages and all groups makes her a potential force in cancer control. For the nurs...
-Education
Public health nurses have other responsibilities in addition to providing services to patients and families. They are expected to participate in community efforts to promote education of the public in...
-Direct Nursing Care
This section will be confined to a brief discussion of accepted therapies for cancer of several fairly common sites and the implications of these treatments in terms of nursing care for post-hospitali...
-Breast Cancer. Curative Treatment
The patient with early cancer of the breast which is considered curable will probably have a radical mastectomy, or a combination of radiation and a radical mastectomy. Recently, however, there has be...
-Palliative Therapy for Brest Cancer
Even when it is not possible to achieve a cure there are several palliative procedures which are useful in prolonging the patient's life and providing periods of time in which the patient is relativel...
-Colon And Rectum
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum increases with age; over 90 percent occurs in individuals over the age of 40, with the peak incidence in the 60's. Approximately 75 percent of t...
-Abdominoperineal Resection
SINGLE BARREL COLOSTOMY Figure 7 DOUBLE BARREL COLOSTOMY. EXTERIOR FRONT VIEW Figure 8 Nursing Care The rehabilitation of the patient who has a permanent colostomy begins w...
-Equipment For Colostomy Irrigation
bed pan and bed protector (for bed patient) connecting tube irrigating can, 4 inches of rubber tubing (enema bag can be used) dressings as required...
-Larynx Cancer
Cancer of the larynx is treated by both surgery and radiation. The treatment for early cancer which is confined to certain limited areas of the larynx is usually radiation or a partial-laryn-gectom...
-Care Of Tracheostomy And Laryngectomy Tubes
Tracheostomy and laryngectomy tubes look quite similar except that the laryngectomy tube is thicker and shorter. Each comes in several sizes and each has three parts, an outer cannula, an inner cannul...
-Oral Cavity Cancer
Cancer of the oral cavity is a general term which denotes a variety of tumors occurring either outside the mouth on the upper or lower lip, or within the mouth on the tongue, floor of the mouth, bucca...
-Female Reproductive Organs
Cancer of the cervix is asymptomatic in the very early or beginning stage when the chance for cure is greatest. It is this cancer which is too early to be detected on inspection which may be discovere...
-Specific Techniques For Care Of Patients With Ileal Bladder (Artificial Bladder)
1. Equipment-A variety of rubber and disposable plastic bags are available for artificial bladder care. They are all similar in principle in that they can be attached to the abdominal wall by means of...
-Radium Treatment
Radium or one of the newer radioisotopes such as cobalt-60 or iridium-192 may also be used to treat cancer. Methods of application vary, but these are the usual ones: 1. Surface applicators which c...
-Acute Leukemia
Leukemia is a disease characterized by the overproduction of white cells. The bone marrow is invaded by immature, neoplastic cells which displace the normal elements. Acute leukemia is the type most c...
-Chronic Leukemia
This form of leukemia is found most frequently in adults. It is a separate disease entity and does not constitute the progressive stage of acute leukemia. It is more common in men and boys than in wom...
-Hodgkin's Disease
Hodgkin's Disease is twice as common in men as in women. It may occur in any decade of life, but is rarely found at puberty. The cause is unknown. It is sometimes difficult for even the pathologist...
-Children With Cancer
A substantial percentage of the cancers which occur in children are found in the 1 to 5 age group. This is sometimes surprising to those who think of cancer as a disease of older people. However in th...
-Wilms' Tumor Of The Kidney, Neuroblastoma, Retinoblastoma, Bone Tumors
Wilms' Tumor Of The Kidney Description This is a congenital tumor usually found in children in the 2- to 5-year age group. This is among the most common tumors found in infancy. However, Wilms' ...
-Soft Tissue Tumors
These occur frequently in children and are usually sarcomas rather than carcinomas. They arise in fat, muscle, nerve, connective tissue, etc. They cannot be labelled benign or malignant until examined...
-Advanced Cancer
It has often been stated that although every patient with cancer cannot be cured, there is no patient for whom nothing can be done. Due to the many agents which are now available for keeping patients ...
-Advanced Cancer. Continued
5. Control of Odors Scrupulous cleanliness helps to control odors since most of them are the result of infection not the cancer itself. The accumulation of exudate from any lesion or body cavity re...
-Referral And Followup
There are many kinds of referral plans which have been developed to obtain nursing service for the patient who is returning to his home after treatment in the hospital. Among the more useful types is ...
-Appendix I. Sites And Areas Of Metastasis And Complications
LOCATION NAME OR KIND SYMPTOMS COMMON SITES OF METASTASIS COMPLICATIONS ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ANUS epi...
-Appendix II. Nutrition And Diets
Attention to nutrition is an important aspect of the care of the cancer patient. The amount of dietary guidance needed will vary with the individual and his condition, but it is useful to appraise the...
-Sodium. Sources Of Sodium
1. Foods Most foods contain small to moderate amounts of sodium. In addition during commercial processing or home preparation sodium is usually added to foods in the form of salt or other sodium co...
-Seasoning To Improve the Flavor of Sodium Restricted Food
Allspice Almond extract Anise Basil Bay leaf Caraway Cardamom Chives Chili powder Cinnamon Cloves Cocoa (not Dutch process) Coconut Coriander Cumin Curry powder ...
-Appendix III. Hormonal And Chemotherapeutic Agents
Neoplastic Diseases Responding to Specific Chemotherapeutic Agents Diagnoses Specific Agents Principal route of administration Acute toxic signs ...
-Glossary
Ablative Procedures Removal of hormone sources that influence the development of cancer. Example, ovariectomy for cancer of the breast. Adenocarcinoma A carcinoma arising in glandular tissue....







TOP
previous page: Chemistry Of Chelation In Cancer | by Arthur Furst
  
page up: Cancer Books
  
next page: Chemistry Of Enzymes In Cancer | by Franz Bergel