Kladno, a town of Bohemia, 13 m. N. N. W. of Prague, with which it is connected by railway; pop. in 1870, 11,199. It has a castle and several iron works. In the neighborhood are important coal and iron mines.


Klagenfurth, a town of Austria, capital of the duchy of Carinthia, 40 m. N. N. W. of Laybach; pop. in 1870, 15,200. It is the seat of the bishop of Gurk, and has a theological faculty, an episcopal seminary, a gymnasium, a Realschule, a deaf and dumb institution, a society of natural history, which has founded a national museum, and a historical society. It has manufactories of woollens, silks, and muslins. It is supposed to occupy nearly the site of the Roman Tiburnia, but it first became a place of interest and importance early in the 16th century, when it was fortified by the emperor Maximilian I. Gorgey, after his surrender, was for many years confined at Klagenfurth.


See Clausthal.


See Karsch.


Klin, a town of European Russia, on the Sestra, in the government and 46 m. N. W. of Moscow; pop. in 1867, 6,580. It has an imperial palace, and was formerly the hereditary seat of the Romanoff family.

Klisha Mitchell

Klisha Mitchell, an American chemist, born at Washington, Litchfield co., Conn., Aug. 19, 1793, died on the Black mountains in North Carolina, June 27, 1857. He graduated at Yale college in is 13, and in 1818 became professor of mathematics in the university of North Carolina, and in 1825 of chemistry. In 1821 he was ordained a Presbyterian minister. He was for some time state surveyor. He first ascertained that the mountains of North Carolina are the highest east of the Rocky mountains. (See Black Mountains.) To settle some disputed points in regard to these heights, he reascended them in 1857, lost his way at night, fell down a precipice, and was killed.

Kniebis Moutains

Kniebis Moutains, a principal range of the N. or Lower Black Forest, traversing the borders of Wurtemberg and Baden, opposite Alsace. They are regarded as a bulwark against France, have been the scene of engagements during the thirty years' and other wars, and contain the watering places of Freiersbach, Peters-thai, Griesbach, Antogast, and Rippoldsau, all belonging to the grand duchy of Baden. These have annually about 4,000 visitors. A railway was projected in 1874 across these mountains.


See Chivalry.

Knights Of Saint John

See Saint John, Knights of.

Knut Jmigbohn Clement

Knut Jmigbohn Clement, a Danish historian, born on the island of Amram, N. Friesland, Dec. 4, 1803, died at Bergen, N. J., Oct. 7,1873. After travelling in Great Britain, France, Germany, etc, at the expense of the Danish government, he became professor of history at the university of Kiel. In 1873 he visited the United States. He published several works relating to philology, and to his travels in Ireland, Friesland, Holland, and Germany. Among the principal are, in German, Erklarende Einleitung zur Gesclticlite Danemark's (Hamburg, 1839); Die nordger-manisclie Welt (Copenhagen, 1840); Die Le-bens- und Leidensgeschiclite der Friesen (Kiel, 1845); Die geeignetsten Mittel zur Besserung der Schleswiger und Holsteiner (Altona, 1848); and Das wahre Verlidltniss der sudjutisclien Nationalitat unci Spraclie (Hamburg, 1849). In 1873 he completed, in English, his "History of Ireland" (3 vols.), from original documents and personal investigations.