This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
The Society held its annual exhibition on the 27th, 28th, and 20th of September. The various departments were well sustained, and an improvement observable in some respects* compared with former exhibitions. The supply of fruit was limited.
A collection of foreign grapes, from the garden of G. Brown, Esq., was highly creditable to bis gardener, Mr. Standemeyer. The Hamburghs, Muscats, and Frontignacs, were well developed, although rather deficient in color. Black Hamburgs from open air culture were deposited by Capt. A. C. Pracht, Thos. V. Brundige, and R. Gibson. These were also of a red color, instead of black; otherwise the fruit was very large and handsome. Native grapes were in great pro-fusion; the Isabellas from Mr. Brown were very superior.
Messrs. S. Feast A Sons sent a collection of pears - Vicar of Winkfield, Van Mons, and Winter Nelis, very large; Beurre' Gris, Duchesse d'Angouleme, Bezy de Montigny, Doyenne d'Alencon, Oken d'Hiver, Passe Colmar, Due de Bordeaux, etc. Many dishes of White Doyenne were on. hand, some of them of very superior appearance. Seckel small and scarce. A single fruit of Triomphe de Jodoigne, weighing eighteen ounces, from Thos. Winans, Esq., and several plates of large specimens from the Hon. S. Walker, Roxbury, Mass., assisted in keeping up the interest of this department.
W. C Wilson, Esq., sent White Marseilles and Brown Turkey figs of very superior appearance.
The exhibition of vegetables was very extensive, and evinced superior cultivation. Much to the credit of the Society, this department of horticulture receives prominent attention. In the rage for novelties in flowers and flowering plants, the improvement and cultivation of edible vegetables seems to be considered of inferior importance. This is much to be regretted, since there is a wide field for improvement in this respect The varieties of cultivated vegetables have become so numerous, and many of them so worthless, as to render it a necessity lor societies to adopt rules for bringing into prominent notice those varieties worthy of general cultivation.
The display of ornamental plants and flowers was very large and fine. Many new plants were brought into notice by the Messrs. Feast. Mr. John Feast had a very large collection of new and rare specimens - such as Gardenia tubiflora; Hoy as Mollis, picta, imperialis, and bells; Plac-thanthuspieta; Commersonia rugosa; Combretums macrophyllum and Pinceanum; Bouvardias tryphyllum, venusta, and Ciantha; Posoquierea longifolia; Hoveas Celeii and Manglesii; many varieties of Cape Heaths; Bougainvillea spectabilis; Adamia cyanea; Coreopegia elegans; Dipla-denia Urophylla; Echites picta; Quisqualis sinensis; Stephanotis Thouarsii; Alloplectus speciosa; Bauera rubioides; Passiflora amabilis; and many others. Messrs. S. Feast & Sons also contributed many new and valuable plants - the new Rhododendron Dalhouseana, Gardenia Stanleyana, Chirita Moonii, Hoya cinnamonifolia, Allamanda Schottii, Cyrtoceras multiflora, Clerodendron sinuatum, Ac Mr. Standemeter had a beautiful display of well grown Achemenes, embracing seven or eight varieties.
Dr. Edmondson sent many of his most rare old specimens - huge plants of Metrosideras speeiosa, Astrapa Wallichii, Fourcroya Mexicana, Chamaerops humilis, Tillandsiaa, Nepenthes, Hoya carnosa, Crinum amabile, Cactus Pereskia, Maranta Zebrina, Bonapartea Juncea with a flower stem ten feet high; Loquat, Coffee, Tea, and Banyan trees; and many others of equal interest Messrs. Pentland & Bro. contributed a very interesting collection of hardy evergreens; among them were noticed Taxodium sempervirens; Deodar and Lebanon Cedars; Cryp-tomeria Japonica; Cupressus funebris; Juniperus excelsa; English, Irish, and American Tews; various Arbor Vitaes; and others highly inviting to the lovers of beautiful trees. E. Kurtez, Esq., contributed some fine Pomegranate trees in a fruiting condition. A well flowered plant of Crowea latifolia was also noticed as fine in this collection. T. Winans, Esq., contributed greenhouse plants, comprising several varieties of Begonias, Heaths, Epacris, Azaleas, etc. Cut flowers were shown in large quantities The display of Dahlias from W. C Wilson, Esq., and Roses from Mr. Tuomay, were very superior, Mr. Kuetez had very fine China and French Asters. Mr. Fuss sent fine Double Balsams; and Mr. Sharp, fine coxcombs.
Boquets, both for hand and table ornaments, were numerous and tastefully arranged, large flower designs were furnished by Mrs. Rodiwald and S. Feast & Sons. An arch of evergreens and flowers, from Pentland Bro., was placed opposite the entrance, the architectural proportions of which attracted attention.
WM. SAUNDERS, Cor. Secretary.
A number of our Florists, Gardeners and Amateurs, have recently resuscitated the old Maryland Horticultural Society - and at a meeting held in November, the election for officers resulted as follows:
President - Dr. Thos. Edmondson.
Vice-Preridents - Joseph King, Jr., Henry Mankin, Johns Hopkins, Wm. C. Wilson.
Treasurer - Edward Kurtz.
Corresponding Secretary - Dr. Gideon B. Smith.
Recording Secretary - Chas. B. Barry.
Counsellors - Saml. Feast, Jr., John Feast, John J. Frisby, John Toumy, O. A. Gill, James Galloway, Geo. Waesche. E. W. Colburn, Henry Snyder, E. F. Jenkins, James Watt, John Dukchart, L. J. Williamson, Jas. McNeal, Jr. Robert Halliday, Chas. U. Stobie, Wm. Saunders, Zenas Barnum, Wm. Gilmore, Edward Roberts, 0. Kemp, James Pentland, Geo. Dun-cun, Jr., Samuel Sands.
At a subsequent meeting, it was resolved to hold monthly exhibitions of Flowers, Plants, Vegetables, Fruits, etc, commencing in February, to which the members and their families are to be admitted - and in June next, the first grand public Exhibition is to take place. The spirit which has been displayed in the renewal of this Society, gives us the assurance of its success. A large number of members have already signed the constitution, and we think that we can promise an Exhibition in June
Foreigu and Miscellaneous Notices.
The Annual Exhibition of this Society was held on the 22d, 23d, and 24th of Sept. The weather was propitious, and our citizens availed themselves largely of the attractive display, the quality and arrangement of which, was well worthy of their approval. Although comparatively young, this Society gives sufficient evi. dence of stability, and has already done much towards enlarging the wreaths of Flora and Pomona, which are rapidly encircling our country.
Dr. Edmondson, President of the Society, contributed a very extensive display of specimen plants, mostly of large size and rarity, including many species of Palms, Crinums, Astrapas, Metro8iderius, Erythrina, Cactus, Hoyas, etc. - a fine collection of Achiraenes and Roses, altogether forming no mean display of itself, and adding much to the interest of the exhibition.
Mr. John Feast furnished a choice selection of new and rare plants, most of which are of recent introduction, and shown for the first time in this city.
Messrs. S. Feast & Sons, also sent a variety of ornamental plants, consisting of Carolina Princcps, Coffee trees, Crinan amabile, Sago Palm, etc. At a former meeting these gentleman furnished a leaf from their Victoria Regia for the inspection of the curious in these matters. This plant has attained a large size under their care, and is giving a succession of its magnificent flowers.
Further contributions of plants were sent by Messrs. Pent land, E. Kurty, Esq., Mr. Fuss, Thos. Winans, Esq., and others.
Fruit was well represented, both in variety and quantity. Messrs. S. Feast & Sons, and Mr. Jardin, of Washington City, had large collections of Pears; Mr. Fuss. N. Popplein, E. Kurty, Esq., Thos. Winans, and Mr. Kemp, also sent some splendid specimens of varieties, showing that the improved culture of this fruit is not confined to the northern and eastern states.
Foreign Grapes were sparingly produced. A collection from 6. Brown, Esq., grown under glass, were of average merit. Black Ham-burghs, grown in the open air, from Captain Pracht, were noticed as very fine. Native Grapes were in abundance, and in great perfection; contributors in this class were numerous. The Isabellas from Captain Pracht, and Thos. Y. Brundige; Catawbas from Mr. Mitchell and Mr. Popplein ; Herbemont's Cluster, from Mr. Mitchell and Mrs. T. Wheeler, were superior. J. Barlow, R. Gibson, Mr. Mohler, Thomas Baynes, and Dr. N. R. Smith, also exhibited fine dishes of various kinds.
Peaches were scarce, the season for them being nearly over. Mrs. Dr. Wolf sent some beautiful seedlings, one of which weighed 12 ounces. M. L. Young also had two samples of fine fruit. Figs, Apples, and Quinces, several dishes of each, were noticed as fine. Dr. N. R. Smith, and W. C. Willson, Esq., contributed Figs ; Apples from J. Regester, S. Feast & Sons, L. Young, and Mrs. W. Jessup; and Quinces from Mrs. H. Easter, and W. C. Willson, were among the best. A basket of Siberian Crab Apples, from Dr Edmondson, were specially noticed.
Vegetables, as usual here, were of a superior character. The principal contributors were Mr. J. Regester, Messrs. J. & D. Lushby, Dr. Edmondson, Mr. Whittemorej Mr. Kemp sent in a dish of green peas; Dr. Edmondson a bushel of St. Helena potatoes, a new variety, equal to, and earlier than the Mercer.
Floral ornaments and bouquets, indeed flow-ers of all descriptions, were most profuse. The large design of the Messrs. Pent land was much admired, as was also those of Messrs. Feast & Sons, and Mr. Stobie. The exhibition just closed has given an impulse., and awakened an interest in horticulture, which It is to be hoped will be kept alive. W. Saunders, Cor. Sec.