William Tennant, a Scottish poet, born at Easter Anstruther, Fifeshire, in 1785, died near Dollar, Feb. 15, 1848. He was educated at the university of St. Andrews. At an early age he lost the use of his feet, and in 1801 became clerk to his brother, a corn factor of Glasgow. Returning to Anstruther, he published in 1812 "Anster Fair," in the ottava rima, which passed through many editions. In 1813 he became parish schoolmaster of Du-nino, and there mastered the Arabic, Syriac, and Persian languages. He afterward taught at Lasswade and at Dollar academy, and in 1835 was made professor of oriental languages in St. Mary's college, St. Andrews, and compiled Syriac and Chaldaic grammars. He published " The Thane of Fife " (1822); " Cardinal Beaton," a tragedy (1823); "John Balliol," a drama (1825); "The Dinging Down of the Cathedral" (of St. Andrews); " Hebrew Dramas founded on Bible History " (1845); and a " Life of Allan Ramsay" (New York, 1852).
See Scotland, vol. xiv., p. 704.
William Thomas Brande, an English chemist, born in London, Jan. 11, 1788, died at Tun-bridge Wells, Feb. 11, 1866. He received his early education at Westminster, subsequently attended the lectures at St. George's hospital, commenced lecturing on chemistry in 1808, and in the following year was chosen fellow of the royal society. In 1812 he became professor of chemistry and materia medica to the apothecaries' company, and in 1851 was elected master. In 1813 he was appointed professor of chemistry at the royal institution, and was for many years associated with Faraday as editor of the " Quarterly Journal of Science." In 1825 he was appointed superintendent of the die department of the royal mint, and some years after fellow and examiner of the London university. Besides his "Manual of Chemistry " (6th ed., 1848), he published " Outlines of Geology " (1839), and a "Dictionary of Science, Literature, and Art" (royal 8vo, 1842; revised ed., 3 vols. 8vo, 1865-'7).
William Thomson, an English clergyman, born in Whitehaven, Feb. 11, 1819. He was educated at Queen's college, Oxford, of which he was successively fellow, tutor, and provost. He was ordained in 1842, became select preacher at Oxford in 1846, Bampton lecturer in 1853, rector of All Souls, Marylebone, in 1855, preacher of Lincoln's Inn in 1858, bishop of Gloucester and Bristol in 1861, and archbishop of York in 1863. He has published "The Atoning Work of Christ" (London, 1853); "Outline of the Necessary Laws of Thought," a text book in several English and American colleges (1842; 9th ed., 1868); " Life in the Light of God's Word " (1867); " Limits of Philosophical Inquiry" (1868); and sermons, pastoral letters, and lectures.
William Tudor, an American author, born in Boston, Jan. 28, 1779, died in Rio de Janeiro, March 9, 1830. He graduated at Harvard college in 1796, visited Europe, and on his return founded the "Anthology Club," and contributed various articles to its journal, the "Monthly Anthology." In 1815 the first number of the "North American Review" appeared under his editorship, and three fourths of the first four volumes were written by him. In 1819 he published "Letters on the Eastern States;" in 1821 a volume of "Miscellanies;" and in 1823 a "Life of James Otis." In 1823 he was appointed United States consul at Lima, and in 1828 was made chargé" d'affaires at Rio de Janeiro, where he wrote "Gebel Teir" (Boston, 1829). He was one of the founders of the Boston Athenaeum.