Morgan, the name of counties in 10 of the United States.
A N. E. County Of West Virginia, bordering S. W. on Virginia, separated from Maryland by the Potomac, and drained by Cacapon river; area, 350 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,315, of whom 116 were colored. The surface is mountainous, and the soil light and unproductive except in the valleys. There are large deposits of iron and coal. Berkeley Springs in this county is one of the oldest watering places in the United States. The Baltimore and Ohio railroad passes through the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 27,697 bushels of wheat, 58,142 of Indian corn, 19,835 of oats, 10,915 of potatoes, 7,564 lbs. of wool, 41,183 of butter, and 1,996 tons of hay. There were 882 horses, 1,112 milch cows, 1,456 other cattle, 2,683 sheep, and 2,552 swine. Capital, Bath.
A Central County Of Georgia, bounded E. by Appalachee and Oconee rivers, and drained by their branches; area, 272 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,696, of whom 7,058 were colored. The surface is undulating, and the soil, based on limestone, is fertile. Small quantities of gold have been found, and there are large granite quarries. The county is intersected by the Georgia railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 19,820 bushels of wheat, 129,948 of Indian corn, 14,325 of oats, 8,019 of sweet potatoes, 38,968 lbs. of butter, and 4,868 bales of cotton. There were 636 horses, 721 mules and asses, 1,144 milch cows, 1,975 other cattle, 1,363 sheep, and 3,762 swine. Capital, Madison.
A N County Of Alabama, bounded N. by the Tennessee river; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 12,187, of whom 3,358 were colored. The surface is mountainous and the soil generally fertile. The Memphis and Charleston railroad passes through the N. W. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 23,336 bushels of wheat, 333,332 of Indian corn, 17,701 of oats, 19,902 of sweet potatoes, 4,389 bales of cotton, 6,747 lbs. of wool, 70.886 of butter, and 11,877 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 2,462 horses, 660 mules and asses, 2,944 milch cows, 924 working oxen, 3,977 other cattle, 4,962 sheep, and 14,844 swine. Capital, Somerville.
A N E. County Of Tennessee, drained by the head streams of Emory's river; area, 040 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,969, of whom 101 were colored. The surface is diversified by mountains covered with large forests. There are extensive beds of coal. The chief productions in 1870 were 52,642 bushels of Indian corn, 15,548 of oats, 9,910 of potatoes, 7,944 lbs. of tobacco, 9,197 of wool, 29,225 of butter, and 485 tons of hay. There were 515 horses, 940 milch cows, 2,351 other cattle, 4,312 sheep, and 9,532 swine. Capital, Wartburg.
An E. County Of Kentucky, intersected by Licking river; area, 806 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,975, of whom 44 were colored. The surface is hilly, and the soil in the valleys is rich. Timber is abundant, and iron, coal, alum, copperas, and oil springs are found. The chief productions in 1870 were 10,479 bushels of wheat, 226,751 of Indian corn, 34,139 of oats, 17,078 of potatoes, 16,800 lbs. of tobacco, 20,960 of wool, 89,717 of butter, and 1,035 tons of hay. There were 1,502 horses, 662 milch cows, 1,099 working oxen, 2,349 other cattle, 10,102 sheep, and 8,036 swine. Capital, West Liberty.
A S. E. County Of Ohio, intersected by Muskingum river; area, 360 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,363. It has an uneven surface, and a rich soil based on limestone. Large quantities of salt are procured. The chief productions in 1870 were 192,701 bushels of wheat, 613,837 of Indian corn, 137,546 of oats, 71,821 of potatoes, 480,-125 lbs. of tobacco, 313,372 of wool, 593,454 of butter, and 20,400 tons of hay. There were 6,637 horses, 57795 milch cows, 11,058 other cattle, 78,009 sheep, and 16,468 swine; 2 manufactories of agricultural implements, 7 of carriages and wagons, 2 of coal oil, 12 of salt, 4 tanning and currying establishments, 3 saw mills, and 11 flour mills. Capital, McConnells-ville.
A Central County Of Indiana, drained by the W. fork of White river and its branches; area, 453 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 17,528. The surface in the south is uneven, in other parts level, and the soil is fertile. It is traversed by the Indianapolis and Vincennes and the Cincinnati and Martinsville railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 328,131 bushels of wheat, 1,188,289 of Indian corn, 63,439 of oats, 48,402 of potatoes, 11,127 lbs. of tobacco, 61,471 of wool, 229,355 of butter, and 8,183 tons of hay. There were 6,142 horses, 4,375 milch cows, 9,560 other cattle, 20,902 sheep, and 34,606 swine; 20 manufactories of carriages, 2 of furniture, 9 of saddlery and harness, 1 of woollen goods, 1 wool-carding establishment, 32 saw mills, 6 tanneries, 4 currying establishments, and 9 flour mills. Capital, Martinsville.
A W. County Of Illinois, bounded N W. by the Illinois river and drained by several creeks which afford water power; area, 550 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 28,463. The surface consists chiefly of rich level prairies, diversified by small groves. The soil is a deep black loam; coal is abundant. It is traversed by the Peoria, Pekin, and Jacksonville, the Great Western, and several other railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 375,719 bushels of wheat, 3,198,835 of Indian corn, 198,724 of oats, 68,105 of potatoes, 77,156 of wool, 295,798 of butter, and 29,671 tons of hay. There were 10,330 horses, 5,648 milch cows, 30,809 other cattle, 15,040 sheep, and 44,583 swine; 12 manufactories of agricultural implements, 3 of boots and shoes, 5 of brick, 28 of carriages, 7 of furniture, 8 of saddlery and harness, 2 of cigars, 2 of woollen goods, and 11 flour mills. Capital, Jacksonville.
A Central County Of Missouri, bounded S. in part by Osage river and drained by some of its tributaries; area, 648 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,434, of whojn 307 were colored. The surface is diversified and in some places well wooded. The soil is generally fertile. Lead, coal, and limestone are found. The Missouri Pacific railroad skirts the N. border. The chief productions in 1870 were 83,123 bushels of wheat, 228,175 of Indian corn, 138,259 of oats, 16,424 of potatoes, 23,468 lbs. of wool, 41,333 of butter, and 2,909 tons of hay. There were 3,409 horses, 1,063 mules and asses, 2,771 milch cows, 5,630 other cattle, 10,366 sheep, and 11,493 swine. Capital, Versailles.
A N. E. County Of Utah, watered by Weber river and its tributaries; area, 600 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,972. It is crossed by the Union Pacific railroad. The chief resources are agricultural, but coal and iron are believed to exist. Gold mines have been recently opened. The chief productions in 1870 were 12,960 bushels of wheat and 3,950 of potatoes. The value of live stock was $40,490. There were 7 saw mills. Capital, Morgan.
Sydney (Owenson), ladv an Irish authoress, born about 1783, died in London, April 13, 1859. Her father was an actor, and a man of considerable literary acquire-In 1797 she published a volume of po-followed by two tales, -St. Clair" (1804) The Novice of St. Dominick (1805) and The Wild Irish Girl "(1806), ofwhich seven editions were printed in two years. In 1807 appeared her " Patriotic Sketches of Ireland " and " The Lay of an Irish Harp, or Metrical Fragments." In March of the same year her comic opera, " The First Attempt, or the Whim of a Moment," was brought out with great success in the Theatre Royal, Dublin. In 1809 she published "Woman, or Ida of Athens;" and in 1811 "The Missionary." In 1812 she was married to Sir Thomas Charles Morgan, with whom she subsequently travelled over various parts of Europe, residing for considerable periods in France and Italy. Among the results of her travels were a review of the social state of France (4to, London, 1817), and a similar work on Italy (2 vols. 8vo, 1821), both of which caused much controversy.
The popularity of these works introduced the authoress to the fashionable and literary circles of England. Among her remaining works were her novels, " O'Donnell " (1814), " Florence Macarthy " (1816), " The Life and Times of Salvator Rosa" (1824), "Absenteeism" (1825), and "The O'Briens and the O'Flaher-tys" (1827); "Book of the Boudoir," containing several autobiographical sketches (1829); "Dramatic Scenes from Real Life" (1833); " The Princess, or the Beguine," written during a visit to Belgium (1835); " Woman and her Master " (1840); and "Passages from my Autobiography" (1858). Lady Morgan was one of the most brilliant conversationists of her time. She passed her last years at her residence in London, in the enjoyment of a pension of £300. - See W. J. Fitzpatrick's "Friends, Foes, and Adventures of Lady Morgan " (Dublin, 1859).
Sir Thomas Charles, an English author, husband of the preceding, born in London about 1783, died there, Aug. 28, 1843. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and in 1809 took the degree of M. D. He removed to Ireland, having a place under government as a commissioner of the Irish fisheries, was knighted in 1811, and in 1812 married Miss Owenson. Soon afterward he relinquished his profession for the pursuit of literature, and was an industrious contributor to periodicals. He is the author of " Sketches of the Philosophy of Life " (1818), and " Sketches of the Philosophy of Morals " (1822), and published in conjunction with his wife a collection of essays and miscellanies entitled " The Book without aName" (1841). He furnished four appendices to Lady Morgan's first work on France.