Philip Carteret, an English navigator, was captain of the Swallow in the expedition commanded by Samuel Wallis, which sailed Aug. 22, 1766, on a voyage of discovery to the South seas; but he parted from Wallis's vessel, the Dolphin, and made a separate expedition. He discovered Queen Charlotte's isles, and other islands, two of which he called Gower and Carteret. He returned to England Feb. 20, 1769, and a description of his voyage was given by Dr. Hawkesworth in the introduction to his narrative of Capt. Cook's first voyage.
Philip Henry, an English nonconformist divine, born in Whitehall, London, Aug. 24, 1631, died June 24, 1696. He was educated at Westminster school and at Christchurch, Oxford, was ordained to the ministry at Worth-enbury, Flintshire, in 1657, was one of the clergymen who left the church of England in 1662 in consequence of the act of uniformity, and lived in seclusion till in 1687 he was permitted again to preach by the declaration of King James in favor of liberty of conscience. From that time he held public religious services near his residence at Broad Oak, and also preached frequently elsewhere. His biography, by his son Matthew Henry (London, 1698), has passed through many editions.
Philip James Bailey, an English poet, born in the parish of Basford, Nottinghamshire, April 22, 1810. He assisted his father, Thomas Bailey, in editing the " Nottingham Mercury," and also studied law, being called to the bar in London in 1840; but his poem of "Festus," finished in 1830 and published in 1839, having attracted great attention, he devoted himself to literature. He has since published "The Angel World" (1850); "The Mystic" (1855); "The Age: Politics, Poetry, and Criticism" (1858); and "International Policy of the Great Powers" (1861).
Philip Syng Physick, an American physician and surgeon, born in Philadelphia, July 7, 1768, died there, Dec. 15,1837. He graduated at the university of Pennsylvania in 1785, studied medicine, and in 1788 went to London, where he became the private pupil of John Hunter. In 1790 he was admitted as house surgeon to St. George's hospital, and on leaving it received his diploma from the royal college of surgeons in London. He returned to Philadelphia in 1792, and in 1793, on the outbreak of the epidemic, was appointed physician to the yellow-fever hospital at Bush hill. In 1805 he was appointed professor of surgery in the university of Pennsylvania, in 1819 was transferred to the chair of anatomy, and in 1824 was elected president of the Philadelphia medical society. He wrote for medical journals accounts of cases he had treated, or of processes or instruments he had invented. He has been called the father of American surgery.
See Aldegonde, Sainte.
Philip Wouverman, a Dutch painter, born in Haarlem in 1620, died there, May 19,1668. He was instructed by his father and by Wynants, and struggled with adversity while his works enriched the dealers. He is said to have destroyed all his studies for fear that they might induce his son to become a painter. He excelled chiefly in hunting parties and in horses, and nearly all his pictures contain either a white or a gray horse. His skies, foregrounds, and foliage are executed in the best style of his school. He left upward of 800 carefully finished pictures, best described in Smith's catalogue (London, 1829). Many of his pieces have been engraved, especially by J. Moyreau, (Euvres de Fhilippe Wouverman d'apres ses meilleurs tableaux (Paris, 1737). There are many of his masterpieces in Dresden and in the Louvre at Paris; his largest battle picture is in the royal museum at the Hague.