Funfhaus, a south-western suburb of Vienna.


Funfkirchen ('Five Churches,' from the five mosques built during the Turkish occupation, in the 16th century; Hungarian Pecs), a free town of Hungary, on the vine-clad southern slope of the Mecsek Mountains, 139 miles S. by W. of Pesth by rail. It has a Romanesque cathedral (1136), and manufactures of leather, woollens, flannels, majolica, etc. Pop. (1881) 28,801; (1900) 42,730.

Furneaux Islands

Furneaux Islands, a group of barren islands in Bass Strait, between Australia and Tasmania, Flinders Island being the largest. About 300 inhabitants, of mixed breed, capture seals and sea-birds. The group takes its name from Furneaux, who discovered it in 1773.


Fumes, a town of Belgium, 16 miles by rail E. by N. of Dunkirk. Pop. 5322.


Furness, a district in the north-west of Lancashire, forming a peninsula between Morecambe Bay and the Irish Sea. The chief town is Barrow-in-Furness (q.v.). The ruin of Furness Abbey, 2 miles from Barrow, is a fine example of transition Norman and Early English. Founded in 1127 for the Benedictines, it afterwards became a Cistercian house. See J. Richardson's Furness, Past and Present (Barrow, 1880).


Furruckabad. See Farukhabad.


Furstenwalde, a town of Prussia, on the Spree, 30 miles SE. of Berlin. It has breweries, a large malting-house, etc. Pop. 16,664.


Furth, a town of Bavaria, at the confluence of the Rednitz and Pegnitz, 5 miles NW. of Nuremberg by the earliest German railway (1835). It is famous for its mirrors, tinsel, lead pencils, combs, optical instruments, metal toys, etc. Pop. (1875) 27,360; (1900) 54,820, mainly Protestants. Burned to the ground in 1634 and 1680, Furth fell to Bavaria in 1806.

Fury and Hecla Strait

Fury and Hecla Strait, in 70° N. lat., separates Melville Peninsula from Cockburn Island, and connects Fox Channel with the Gulf of Boothia. It was discovered by Parry in 1822, and named after his ships.


Fusan, one of the ports of Corea, on the south-east shore of the peninsula, has long been practically a Japanese settlement, under a treaty of 1876. The imports include Manchester goods, salt, and Japanese wares; the exports, rice, beans, hides, etc.


Fusaro, Lake of (anc. Acherusia Palus), a small brackish lake of Italy, 11 miles W. of Naples. It is near the site of the ancient Cumse, and during the Roman empire its banks were studded with villas. Oysters have been cultivated here since Roman times.


Fusiyama (properly Fuji-san), a sacred volcano, the loftiest mountain of Japan, stands on the main island, 60 miles SW. of Tokio, and rises 12,365 feet above sea-level, with a crater 500 feet deep. Its last eruption was in 1707.

Futa Jallon

Futa Jallon, a large area under French protection lying NE. of Sierra Leone, and forming the 'hinterland' to the coastal region of French Guinea (with which it is sometimes included). The area is 30,000 sq. m., and the pop. (who are of the Fulah stock) some 600,000. It is a hilly, healthy country, lying round a lofty mountain mass, and contains some of the head-streams of the Gambia, the Senegal, and the Niger.