Oxfordshire, an inland county of England, in shape very irregular, and with an extreme length and breadth of 48 miles by 26; is bounded by Warwickshire, Northants, Bucks, Berkshire, and Gloucestershire. Area, 755 sq. m., or 483.621 acres. Pop. (1801) 109,620; (1881) 179,559; (1901) 182,768. Flat and bleak in the north and west, except near Edgehill (q.v.), on the Warwickshire border, and undulating in the central district, the county in the south presents a succession of richly wooded hills, alternating with picturesque dales, and terminating on the south-east border with a branch of the Chiltern Hills, which, near Nuffield, attain a height of nearly 700 feet above the sea-level. Foremost, however, among the natural beauties of Oxfordshire are the numerous rivers by which it is watered, notably the Thames, with its affluents the Windrush, Evenlode, Cher-well, and Thame. The soil in general is fertile. Ironstone is extensively worked near Banbury, whilst there are manufactures of blankets at Witney, paper at Shiplake and Henley, and, to a certain extent, gloves at Woodstock. The county contains fourteen hundreds, the whole or part of the municipal boroughs of Abingdon, Banbury, Chipping Norton, Henley-on-Thames, Oxford, and Woodstock, and 292 civil parishes, all in the diocese of Oxford. Three members are returned for the county, as also one for the city of Oxford and two for the university. The battlefields of Chalgrove (1643) and Cropredy Bridge (1644) may be mentioned; and among Oxfordshire worthies are Edward the Confessor, Leland (the antiquary), Viscount Falkland, 'Doctor' Fell, Warren Hastings, Miss Edgeworth, Charles Reade, and Green (the historian). See works by Skelton (1823) and Davenport (1869).