This section is from the book "The Steward's Handbook And Guide To Party Catering", by Jessup Whitehead. Also available from Amazon: Larousse Gastronomique.
One pound butter, 1 pound sugar, twelve eggs, 1 nutmeg grated, 3 tablespoons rose-water, 1 pound flour, 1 pound citron thinly sliced. At least 20 different variations are made with citron, in the different cake mixtures; either in shreds mixed, or scattered over the surface of the icing, or laid on top of cakes before baking; mixed with other fruit for plum cakes or puddings, and in compound ice creams.
A game stew.
Same as the foregoing.
These are, or should be, meat-essences clarified and strained from all solid particles and having morsels of meat, vegetables or compounds in ornamental shapes added. They are named in detail under their French name. (See consommes.')
The flower buds of the clove tree, carefully picked and dried, constitute the spice known by that name. Their valuable properties are due to the volatile oil, which they contain, the best having as much as 10 per cent. The removal of this oil is so very easy- that it is the commonest method of deception to do so before grinding the spice and to then dispose of it as pure. The addition of the cheaper clove stems is also practiced, as they cost but 6 cents when the buds cost 27. Pimento is sometimes substituted in part or entirely, as it has a clove-like flavor, but only 4 or 5 per cent, of volatile oil. It is worth less than one-fifth the price of cloves-Cloves should, if possible, be always purchased whole, as they deteriorate less readily in that form.
Hotel specialty. Made of i lb. sifted, white, stale bread crumbs, 1 lb. butter, 1 lb. sugar, 8 eggs; mixed up like pound cake, the crumbs instead of flour; steamed in a mould 2 hours; for sauce currant jelly, diluted with wine hot.
Used to adulterate butter and lard. The first attempts to use it so failed on account of its strong flavor; that is now removed by injecting sprays of steam in the oil for several hours, which results in deodorizing it.