Madison, the name of 19 counties in the United States.

I. A Central County Of New York; Area

I. A Central County Of New York; Area, 670 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 43,522. Oneida lake is on the N. border, and Owahgena or Cazenovia lake on the W. Its principal streams are the Unadilla and Chenango rivers, and Chittenango and Oneida creeks. The central and S. portions are hilly, the N. low and swampy. It is intersected by the New York Central and several other railroads. The Chenango canal passes through the S. E. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 160,155 bushels of wheat, 286,284 of Indian corn, 737,824 of oats, 153,016 of barley, 418,990 of potatoes. 53,575 lbs. of tobacco, 129,813 of wool, 3,232,-925 of flax, 117,056 of maple sugar, 1,575,027 of butter, 280,776 of cheese, and 138,657 tons of hay. There were 10,084 horses, 36,088 milch cows, 12,847 other cattle, 24,926 sheep, and 9,094 swine; 9 manufactories of agricultural implements, 38 of carriages and wagons, 77 of cheese, 10 of cider, 1 of cotton goods, 12 of furniture, 9 of iron castings, 1 of distilled liquors, 7 of machinery, 6 of sash, doors, and blinds, 1 of silk goods, 4 of woollen goods, 3 ship building and repairing establishments, 27 flour mills, 25 saw mills, 19 tanneries, and 10 currying establishments.

Capital, Morrisville.

II. A N. County Of Virginia

II. A N. County Of Virginia, bounded N. W. by the Blue Ridge, and S.E., S., and S. W. by the Rapidan river; area, 276 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,670, of whom 3,711 were colored. Robertson's and Hazel rivers have their sources in the county. The surface is elevated and noted for its fine scenery. In the valleys the soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 105,833 bushels of wheat, 240,240 of Indian corn, 54,884 of oats, 60,650 lbs. of tobacco, and 46,705 of butter. There were 1,597 horses, 1,739 milch cows, 3,100 other cattle, 3,026 sheep, and 6,215 swine. Capital, Madison Court House.

III. A W. County Of North Carolina

III. A W. County Of North Carolina, bordering on Tennessee, and intersected by French Broad river; area, about 450 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,192, of whom 334 were colored. It has a hilly surface, lying on the S. E. declivity of Bald mountain. The chief productions in 1870 were 29,749 bushels of wheat, 167,971 of Indian corn, 19,108 of oats, 15,924 lbs. of tobacco, 12,007 of wool. and 65,675 of butter. There were 739 horses. 1,912 milch cows, 3,223 other cattle, 6,670 sheep, and 10,567 swine. Capital, Marshall.

IV. A N. E. County Of Georgia

IV. A N. E. County Of Georgia, drained by Broad river and branches; area, 275 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,227, of whom 1,581 were colored. The surface is undulating, and the soil varies in fertility. It has some mineral springs, and contains gold, granite, and iron ore. The chief productions in 1870 were 9,031 bushels of wheat, 49,523 of Indian corn, 732 bales of cotton, and 3,815 lbs. of wool. There were 2,101 sheep, 2,095 swine, and 5 flour mills. Capital, Danielsville.

V. A N. County Of Florida

V. A N. County Of Florida, bordering on Georgia, bounded E. by the Suwanee and Withlacoochee rivers, and W. by the Ocilla; area, 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,-121, of whom 6,692 were colored. It is intersected by the Jacksonville, Pensacola, and Mobile railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 161,105 bushels of Indian corn, 13,885 of sweet potatoes, 2,311 gallons of molasses, and 4,470 bales of cotton. There were 361 horses, 760 mules and asses, 1,904 milch cows, 7,074 other cattle, 1,371 sheep, and 5,055 swine; 6 flour mills and 5 saw mills. Capital, Madison.

VI. A N. County Of Alabama

VI. A N. County Of Alabama, bordering on Tennessee, bounded S. by the Tennessee river, and intersected by the Flint river; area, 760 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 31,267, of whom 15,740 were colored. It has a hilly surface and a fertile and well cultivated soil. The Memphis and Charleston railroad passes through the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 36,878 bushels of wheat, 674,625 of Indian corn, 13,223 of oats, 10,386 of Irish and 22,437 of sweet potatoes, 78,373 lbs. of butter, 8,134 gallons of sorghum molasses, and 12,180 bales of cotton. There were 3.319 horses, 1,911 mules and asses, 3,385 milch cows, 770 working oxen, 4,033 other cattle, 4,062 sheep, and 17,824 swine; 6 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 2 of cotton goods, 2 flour mills, and 4 saw mills. Capital, Huntsville.

VII. A Central County Of Mississippi

VII. A Central County Of Mississippi, bounded W. by Big Black river, and S. E. by Pearl river; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,948, of whom 15,139 were colored. It is intersected by the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 320,602 bushels of Indian corn, 45,623 of sweet potatoes, 77,588 lbs. of butter, and 19,269 bales of cotton. There were 1,817 horses, 2,862 mules and asses, 4,035 milch cows, 1,120 working oxen, 6,831 other cattle, 4,237 sheep, and 12,120 swine. Capital, Canton.

VIII. A N. E. Parish Of Louisiana

VIII. A N. E. Parish Of Louisiana, bordered by the Mississippi river on the E. and intersected by the Tensas; area, 700 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,600, of whom 7,663 were colored. It has a low surface and a fertile soil. The Northern Louisiana and Texas railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 170,477 bushels of Indian corn, 12,964 of sweet potatoes, and 17,189 bales of cotton. There were 896 horses, 1,605 mules and asses, 756 milch cows, 5S9 other cattle, and 2,303 swine. Capital, Richmond.

IX. An E. County Of Texas

IX. An E. County Of Texas, bounded E. by the Trinity river, and W. by the Navasoto; area, 336 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,061, of whom 1,470 were colored. The surface is rolling, covered with pine and oak; the soil good in the bottoms, sandy elsewhere. The chief productions in 1870 were 84,006 bushels of Indian corn, 8,296 of sweet potatoes, 9,560 lbs. of wool, 21,430 of butter, and 2,729 bales of cotton. There were 2,233 horses, 3,186 milch cows, 16,603 other cattle, 5,264 sheep, and 9,896 swine. Capital, Madisonville.

X. A N. W. County Of Arkansas

X. A N. W. County Of Arkansas, drained by White river and its branches; area, about 800 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,231, of whom 150 were colored. It has a diversified surface and fertile soil. The chief productions in 1870 were 68,-779 bushels of wheat, 374,171 of Indian corn, 17,973 of oats, 23,059 of Irish and 10,763 of sweet potatoes, 14,080 lbs. of tobacco, 13,110 of wool, 160,187 of butter, and 14,291 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 2,336 horses, 2,036 milch cows, 4,118 other cattle, 6,783 sheep, and 26,283 swine. Capital, Huntsville.

XI. A W. County Of Tennessee

XI. A W. County Of Tennessee, watered by branches of the Forked Deer river; area, 265 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,480, of whom 10,152 were colored. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. It is intersected by the Mobile and Ohio and the Mississippi Central railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 48,-438 bushels of wheat, 692,910 of Indian corn, and 9,255 bales of cotton. There were 2,849 horses, 3,195 mules and asses, 3,931 milch cows, 6,843 other cattle, 3,558 sheep, and 31,-906 swine; 4 tanneries, 12 flour mills, and 7 saw mills. Capital, Jackson.

XII. A Central County Of Kentucky

XII. A Central County Of Kentucky, bounded N. by the Kentucky river; area, 434 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,543, of whom 6,272 were colored. It has an undulating surface and fertile soil. The Richmond branch of the Louisville and Nashville railroad terminates at the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 53,849 bushels of wheat, 49,271 of rye, 1,115,061 of Indian corn, 88,162 of oats, 39,439 of potatoes, 16,600 lbs. of tobacco, 26,757 of wool, 265,616 of butter, and 3,798 tons of hay. There were 6,957 horses, 4,287 mules and asses, 5,664 milch cows, 2,010 working oxen, 12,855 other cattle, 11,-777 sheep, and 30,496 swine; 10 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 6 of saddlery and harness, 2 of woollen goods, 3 distilleries, 3 flour mills, and 4 saw mills. Capital, Richmond.

XIII. A S. W. County Of Ohio

XIII. A S. W. County Of Ohio; area, 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,633. It has a nearly level surface and a fertile soil. It is intersected by the Columbus, Springfield, and Cincinnati, and the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 73,154 bushels of wheat, 1,164,121 of Indian corn, 73,741 of oats, 37,572 of potatoes, 348,114 lbs. of wool, 206,244 of butter, and 20,344 tons of hay. There were 6,626 horses, 3,462 milch cows, 13,085 other cattle, 70,810 sheep, and 23,570 swine. Capital, London.

XIV. A Central County Of Indiana

XIV. A Central County Of Indiana, drained by White river and its branches; area, 430 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 22,770. It has an undulating surface and very fertile soil. It is intersected by the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis, and the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis railroads. The chief productions in 1870 were 541,669 bushels of wheat, 1,028,150 of Indian corn, 74,673 of oats, 62,184 of potatoes, 73,457 lbs. of wool, 322,-487 of butter, and 10,385 tons of hay. There were 7,677 horses, 5,145 milch cows, 7,737 other cattle, 22,820 sheep, and 29,885 swine; 11 manufactories of carriages, 1 of agricultural implements, 3 of cooperage, 7 of furniture, 7 of saddlery and harness, 2 of sash, doors, and blinds, 3 of woollen goods, 17 planing mills, and 6 flour mills. Capital, Anderson.

XV. A S. Tv. County Of Illinois

XV. A S. Tv. County Of Illinois, bordered TV. by the Mississippi; area, 760 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 44,131. The surface is undulating and the soil very fertile. The Chicago and Alton and several other railroads pass through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 1,207,731 bushels of wheat, 2,127,540 of Indian corn, 474,262 of oats, 667,460 of potatoes, 24,899 lbs. of wool, 288,988 of butter, and 26,088 tons of hay. There were 12,194 horses, 3,070 mules and asses, 7,734 milch cows, 6,145 other cattle, 8,627 sheep, and 52,480 swine; 9 manufactories of agricultural implements, 1 of bells, 28 of carriages, 19 of cooperage, 14 of furniture, 1 of window glass, 3 of iron castings, 2 of lime, 2 of machinery, 23 of saddlery and harness, 3 of sash, doors, and blinds, 13 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 3 of tobacco and snuff, 2 of woollen goods, 6 breweries, 7 saw mills, and 17 flour mills. Capital, Edwards-ville.

XVI. A S. Tv. County Of Iowa

XVI. A S. Tv. County Of Iowa, drained by North and Middle rivers, tributaries of the Des Moines, and by a branch of Middle river; area, 396 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,884. It has an undulating surface and fertile soil. The Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific railroad skirts the N. part, and the Winterset branch terminates at the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 358,031 bushels of wheat, 1,453,684 of Indian corn, 140,639 of oats, 62,231 of potatoes, 71,999 lbs. of wool, 302,835 of butter, and 20,758 tons of hay. There were 5,459 horses, 4,337 milch cows, 7,903 other cattle, 20,183 sheep, and 19,185 swine; 1 woollen mill, 4 flour mills, and 9 lumber mills. Capital, Winterset.

XVII. A S. E. County Of Missouri

XVII. A S. E. County Of Missouri, drained by St. Francis and Castor rivers; area, about 550 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,849, of whom 159 were colored. The soil is moderately fertile. Very fine iron and lead ores abound. The St. 'Louis and Iron Mountain railroad passes through it. The chief productions in 1870 were 11,-431 bushels of wheat, 155,352 of Indian corn, 45,156 of oats, 8,949 of potatoes, 17,887 lbs. of tobacco, 7,869 of wool, 42,419 of butter, and 1,298 tons of hay. There were 1,101 horses, 1,014 milch cows, 2,195 other cattle, 4,108 sheep, and 7,358 swine. Capital, Frederick.

XVIII. A N. E. County Of Nebraska

XVIII. A N. E. County Of Nebraska, intersected in the N. part by the Elkhorn river; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,133. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 24,929 bushels of wheat, 8,105 of Indian corn, 15,330 of oats, 3,907 of potatoes, 15,130 lbs. of butter, and 1,662 tons of hay. There were 209 horses, 194 milch cows, 514 other cattle, 317 sheep, and 251 swine. Capital, Norfolk.

XIX. A S. Tv. County Of Montana

XIX. A S. Tv. County Of Montana, bordering on Idaho, from which it is separated by the Rocky mountains; area, 5,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 2,684, of whom 299 were Chinese. It is watered by Jefferson and Madison rivers, and is one of the best agricultural counties of the territory. Gold is abundant, and the census of 1870 returns 33 mines as in operation, of which 15 were hydraulic, 10 placer, and 8 quartz. The chief productions were 10,764 bushels of wheat, 15,768 of oats, 11,130 of barley, 17,065 of potatoes, 28,470 lbs. of butter, and 1,449 tons of hay. There were 776 horses, 1,216 milch cows, 4,155 other cattle, and 375 sheep; 1 flour mill, 3 saw mills, and 12 quartz mills. Capital, Virginia City, the capital of the territory.