Shumla (Shoom'la), a strongly fortified city of Bulgaria, 56 miles by rail W. by N. of Varna and 80 SE. of Rustchuk. The roads from the fortresses (Silistria, Rustchuk) on the Lower Danube and in the Dobrudja on the north, and from the passes of the Eastern Balkan on the south, converge upon Shumla, and make it an important strategic place. It manufactures slippers, clothing, copper wares, and silks. Pop. 23,000.
Shusha, a town of Russian Transcaucasia, 65 miles SSW. of Elizabethpol. Pop. 32,040, who make celebrated carpets and coarse silk goods.
Sialkot (See-al-kote'), a town in the Punjab, near the Chenab's left bank, 72 miles N. by E. of Lahore, with manufactures of paper and cloth. The old fort, gallantly held by a few Europeans in 1857, is now converted into public offices; there are also Sikh and Mohammedan shrines, the Punjab military prison, a public garden, etc. Population, 60,200, including the cantonment, 1 mile N.
Siang-tan, a great trading mart of central China, in the province of Hu-nan, on the Siang River, which flows through the Tung-ting lake into the Yang-tsze. Specially it is the centre of the drug trade. Pop. 100,000 or more.
Sicyon (Siss'i-on; Gk. pron. Sik-ee-oan), an important city of ancient Greece, stood 2 miles S. of the Corinthian Gulf and 7 NW. of Corinth. Its scanty remains have been excavated by the American School at Athens since 1887.
Sidlaw Hills. See Forfarshire.
Sidmoutn. (Sid'muth), a watering-place of S. Devon, 14 miles by road, but 20| by a branch-line (1874), ESE. of Exeter. It lies in a narrow valley at the mouth of the little Sid between the red sandstone cliff's of High Peak (513 feet) on the west, and Salcombe Hill (497) on the east. Its esplanade is protected by a sea-wall (1838), 1700 feet long; and its parish church (1259; almost rebuilt 1860) has a stained west window inserted by Queen Victoria in memory of her father, the Duke of Kent, who died here in 1820. Sidmouth then was the favourite resort that it has once more become since the opening of the railway; its prosperity as a port, which in Edward III.'s day sent two ships to the siege of Calais, passed away through the silting up of the harbour. The climate is mild, the rainfall the least in Devon, and the beach yields agates and chalcedonies. Pop, 4200.