Anahuac ('near the water'), the original name of the ancient kingdom of Mexico.
Anam. See Annam.
Anatolia. See Asia Minor.
Andalu'sia (Span. Andautci'a), a large and fertile region occupying the south of Spain, and washed both by the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. The name is a form of Vandalitia or Vandalusia, from the Vandals, who overran it in the 5th century. The biblical Tarshish probably, it was the seat of a splendid Moorish monarchy from the 8th century a.d. to 1235-48. Andalusia mainly consists of the great basin of the Guadalquivir; in the south, the Sierra Nevada attains a height of 11,657 feet. It is still one of the most fertile districts of Spain, with celebrated breeds of horses and mules. It is divided into the provinces of Almeria, Jaen, Malaga, Cadiz, Huelva, Seville, Cordova, and Granada. The chief towns are Seville, Cordova, Jaen, and Cadiz. Area, 33,340 sq. m. Pop. 3,470,089.
Andernach (Roman Autunnacum), a town of Rhenish Prussia, on the Rhine, 11 miles NW. of Coblenz by rail. It was a residence of the Merovingian kings, and afterwards one of the most flourishing places on the Rhine. A great tower, a fine church, and the ruined castle of the archbishops of Cologne, give it quite a mediaeval aspect. Pop. 7781.
Anderson, capital of Madison county, Indiana, on the west fork of White River, 36 miles by rail NE. of Indianopolis. It manufactures engines, carriages, furniture, etc. Pop. (1880) 4126; (1890) 10,741.; (1900) 20,178.