Anadyr, a gulf of North-east Siberia, into which flows the Anadyr River after a course of 500 miles from the Stanovoi Mountains.


Anagni, a town of Italy, on a hill, 40 miles ESE. of Rome. The seat of a bishop since 487, it was the birthplace of popes Innocent III., Gregory IX., Alexander IV., and Boniface VIII. Pop. 6347.


Anahuac ('near the water'), the original name of the ancient kingdom of Mexico.


Anam. See Annam.


Ananiev, a town of Southern Russia, 100 miles N. of Odessa; pop. 16,449.


Anapa, a Russian seaport on the east shore of the Black Sea, 50 miles SE. of Yenikale; pop. 7037.


Anatolia. See Asia Minor.

Ancrum Moor

Ancrum Moor, Roxburghshire, 5 1/4 miles NW. of Jedburgh, was in 1544 the scene of the defeat of 5000 English.


Andalu'sia (Span. Andautci'a), a large and fertile region occupying the south of Spain, and washed both by the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. The name is a form of Vandalitia or Vandalusia, from the Vandals, who overran it in the 5th century. The biblical Tarshish probably, it was the seat of a splendid Moorish monarchy from the 8th century a.d. to 1235-48. Andalusia mainly consists of the great basin of the Guadalquivir; in the south, the Sierra Nevada attains a height of 11,657 feet. It is still one of the most fertile districts of Spain, with celebrated breeds of horses and mules. It is divided into the provinces of Almeria, Jaen, Malaga, Cadiz, Huelva, Seville, Cordova, and Granada. The chief towns are Seville, Cordova, Jaen, and Cadiz. Area, 33,340 sq. m. Pop. 3,470,089.


Andelys, Les, a town in the Norman dep. of Eure, 20 miles NE. of Evreux. Chateau Gaillard was built here by Richard Coeur de Lion to command the Seine. Pop. 5509.


Andenne, a town of Belgium, 12 miles E. of Namur by rail; pop. 7903.


Anderab, a town in Afghan Turkestan, on the northern slope of the Hindu Kush Mountains, 80 miles SSE. of Kunduz; pop. 6500.


Andermatt, or Ursern, a Swiss village in the canton of Uri, 18 miles S. of the Lake of Lucerne. Pop. 750.


Andernach (Roman Autunnacum), a town of Rhenish Prussia, on the Rhine, 11 miles NW. of Coblenz by rail. It was a residence of the Merovingian kings, and afterwards one of the most flourishing places on the Rhine. A great tower, a fine church, and the ruined castle of the archbishops of Cologne, give it quite a mediaeval aspect. Pop. 7781.


Anderson, capital of Madison county, Indiana, on the west fork of White River, 36 miles by rail NE. of Indianopolis. It manufactures engines, carriages, furniture, etc. Pop. (1880) 4126; (1890) 10,741.; (1900) 20,178.


Andersonville, a village in Georgia, U.S., 60 miles SW. of Macon by rail, noted as having been the seat of a Confederate States military prison.'


Andijan, capital of a district in Ferghana, connected by rail with Bokhara; it was destroyed by earthquake in 1902. Pop. 50,000.