Charente (Sharongt), a river, rises in the dep. of Haute-Vienne, and winds 222 miles NW., S., and WNW., mainly through the deps. of Charente and Charente-Inferieure, to the Bay of Biscay, opposite the island of Oleron.
Charente, a French dep. formed chiefly out of the old province of Angoumois. Area, 2285 sq. m. Pop. (1866) 378,218; (1901) 344,376. Generally level, with granite offshoots of the Limousin range in the north, and chalk-hills in the south, it is divided into the five arrondissements of Angouleme, Cognac, Ruffec, Barbezieux, and Con-folens. Angouleme is the chief town.
Charento-Inferieure (Sharongt-Ongfayree-ehr'), a dep. of France, formed principally from the former provinces of Saihtonge, Aunis, and a small portion of Poitou. The Bay of Biscay washes its western boundary. Area, 2625 sq. m. Pop. (1866) 479,529; (1901) 446,294. It is watered on its boundaries by the Sevre-Niortaise and the Gironde, and in the centre by the navigable Charente. The chief harbours are those of Rochefort and Tonnay-Charente. La Rochelle is the chief town.
Charkov'. See Kharkov.
Charleroi (Shahrl-rwah'), a Belgian town on the Sambre, 35 miles S. by E. of Brussels. It has manufactures of hardware, glass, yarn, etc, the huge ironworks of Couillet, and neighbouring collieries, smelting-furnaces, and nail-factories. Six times exchanged between France and Spain, it was assigned to Austria by the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748). Pop. 25,000.
Charleville, a market-town, 34 miles N. of Cork. Pop. 2000.
Charlotte, capital of Mecklenburg county, North Carolina, 265 miles ENE. of Atlanta, has manufactures of carriages, cotton goods, tobacco, etc., and is the seat of a Presbyterian university (1867). Pop. 18,200.
Charlottenburg (Sharlot'tenboorg'), a Prussian town on the Spree, 3 miles W. of Berlin, with which it is connected by a road leading through the Thiergarten. It contains a royal palace, founded in 1696 for Sophie Charlotte, the second wife of Frederick I.; in its mausoleum here are the remains of Frederick William HI. and the Emperor William I. In the town are a famous technical high-school or university and military school; the manufactures include ironwares, machinery, porcelain, glass, paper, leather, chemicals, and beer. Pop. (1871) 19,518; (18S0) 30,483; (1890) 76,859; (1900) 189,290.