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Plumbing Problems | by The Sanitary Engineer



Or, questions, answers, and descriptions relating to house-drainage and plumbing, from the sanitary engineer. With one hundred and forty-six illustrations

TitlePlumbing Problems
AuthorThe Sanitary Engineer
PublisherThe Engineering And Building Record
Year1889
Copyright1885, The Engineering and Building Record
AmazonPlumbing Problems, or Questions, Answers and Descriptions Relating to House Drainage and Plumbing

Fourth Edition.

-Preface
A Feature of The Sanitary Engineer is its replies to questions on topics that come within its scope, included in which are Water-supply, Sewerage, Sewage Disposal, Ventilation, Heating, Lighting, Hous...
-List Of Illustrations
Figure I. By-pass around trap of basin................................. 17 2. - Overflow openings connected with soil-pipe and giving admittance to foul air............................. ................
-Dangerous Blunders In Plumbing - Running Vent-Pipes In Improper Places - Connecting Soil-Pipes With Chimney-Flues - By-Passes In Trap-Ventilation, Etc
So many examples of curiously outrageous plumbing have come, in one way and another, to our notice, that we have decided to publish some extracts from our collection. The drawings show so plainly at a...
-Running Vent-Pipes In Improper Places - Connecting Soil-Pipes With Chimney-Flues - By-Passes In Trap-Ventilation, Etc. Part 2
My attention has been drawn to some illustrations of defective plumbing, recalling to my mind several jobs of similar condition which I have seen while at work in buildings in this city. It is possi...
-Connecting Soil-Pipes With Chimney-Flues - By-Passes In Trap-Ventilation, Etc. Part 3
The house being built on a damp foundation, a drain to remove the ground-water had been put in, as shown by the dotted lines. This drain connected with the street-sewer directly without a trap, which,...
-By-Passes In Trap-Ventilation, Etc. Part 4
Figure 20 shows a case where the soil-pipe terminated in a dead-end, and a branch-vent had been carried from it into a chimney-flue. It afterward proved that on this same flue was the fireplace of a l...
-A Case Of Reckless Botching
Q. I was lately called to examine a house, the occupants of which complained of bad smells, and in which I found one of the most expensive of the modern closets set, as in the accompanying sketch. The...
-A Stupid Multiplication Of Traps
A correspondent writes a letter which may properly be inserted in this place. He says: I send you a sketch of some plumbing-work which came under my notice recently, as it was being overhauled. Ori...
-Unreliability Of Heated Flue As A Substitute For Proper Trapping
Q. The sketch which I send herewith illustrates a job of drainage and ventilation which I did in this city. I would like to have your opinion of the work. The pipe H in the heat-flue is of 4-inch wrou...
-Need Of Plans In Doing Plumbing-Work
The number of cases in which repairs to old plumbing-work have recently been found to result in mischief, by making open roads around the traps for foul air to enter houses, suggests the need of doing...
-House-Drainage - City And Country House-Drainage----Removal Of Ground-Water From Houses - Trap-Ventilation - Fresh-Air Inlets - Drain-Ventilation By Heated Flues Laying Of Stoneware Drains
Requirements For The Drainage Of Every House. {From the Sanitary Engineer, September 1, 1879.) In the light of present knowledge, the following seems to us the essential requirements for the drainage...
-Drainage Of A Saratoga House
Q. I am building a country house at Saratoga, and inclose herein that part of the ground-plan of each floor which is to contain the proposed plumbing, also an elevation. I have laid a 6-inch drain-pi...
-Ground-Water Drainage Of A Country House
Q. Will you please illustrate the proper way to drain cellars, and the manner of connecting with the main drain leading to the sewer? What precautions should be used to prevent sewer-gas backing into ...
-Ground-Water Drainage Of A City House
On page 45 we suggested a plan for removing ground-water from a house standing alone. (See Figure 33.) We now give a plan for a house situated in a block, as ordinarily found in this city. Where hous...
-Fresh-Air Inlets
Q. I have read several articles recently wherein I see that, like myself, there are a great many plumbers who don't approve of the running-trap placed in the main sewer-pipe, and connected with fresh-...
-The Location Of Fresh-Air Inlets In Cities
The following suggestions by L. M. Hooper, C. E., of New York, regarding the location of fresh-air inlets, are of interest: It seems to the writer that the location of the mouth or opening of the fr...
-Air-Inlets On Drains
Q. In the arrangement of the main drain in my house there is a good current of air in at the ventilating-pipe in the rear and out at the top of the soil-pipe; but one plumber tells me that we ought to...
-Air-Inlets On Drains. Continued
Materials No pipes should be used which are not nearly cylindrical, a variation of over one-fourth of an inch in the different diameters of a 6-inch pipe being enough to condemn it. The pipes should...
-Risks Attending The Omission Of Traps And Relying On Drain-Ventilation By Flues
Q. I would like to have a few questions answered on the following plan. It is proposed to build a new wing to the county jail here, and according to the plans there are no traps on any of the hoppers,...
-The Tightness Of Tile-Drains
Q. In laying some tile recently we came in contact with several small springs in line of the trench, which tile empties into the bed of a rapid mountain stream. There are springs walled in on both sid...
-Danger Of Soil-Pipe Terminals Freezing Unless Ends Are Without Hoods Or Cowls
Q. During the recent cold snap I was called up-town to investigate the cause of escape of sewer-gas into the house of a well-known gentleman of this city. I knew the house-drains were thoroughly venti...
-Objection To Connecting Bath-Waste With Water-Closet Trap
Q I have for some time past been troubled with a bad odor which comes from my bath-tub, the waste of which runs into the trap of a pan-closet, which is on the other side of the partition. The soil-pip...
-How To Adjust The Inlet And Outlets Of Traps
Q. Please give me your idea on this subject: A claims that the pipe b in trap in Figure 51 should be as high or even higher than shown. He says that a current of air passing through pipe a will syphon...
-How To Protect Trap When Soil-Pipe Is Used As A Leader
Q. Where a water-closet or other fixture is connected with soil-pipe also used as a leader, is there any way of securing the trap on the water-closet from syphoning when the leader is gorged with rain...
-Size Of Ventilating-Pipes For Traps
Q. Will you be kind enough to inform me through the columns of your paper on two points which I have no means of deciding - viz.: First - What proportion should the area of a pipe, ventilating a trap...
-How To Prevent Condensation Filling Vent-Pipes
Q. Will you please advise me what means plumbers in your city take to prevent condensation filling vent-pipes and making them no good? It is not always possible to give them a steady pitch. A. They a...
-Ventilating Soil-Pipes
Q. Is it more desirable to ventilate soil-pipes upon the roof or into a heated chimney-flue? Also, is there any objection to making a storehouse for ice under a corner of a house in the country; can t...
-How To Detect Accidental Discharge Into Trap Vent-Pipe
Q. I have had a case of plumbing brought to my notice, where the pipe from a sink stopped up between the trap and the soil-pipe. How long it had been so no one seemed to know, as the water that should...
-Why Traps Should Be Vented
The writer of this letter recently submitted a bid on the plumbing-work of an eight-story and basement building, having water-fixtures on all stories. There are fifteen stacks of cast-iron pipes exte...
-Syphoning Water Through A Bath-Supply
Q. The writer, while repairing the connections to one of the many styles of bath-tubs which admit the water at or near the bottom, noticed that when the tub was filled, and the water shut off at the s...
-Emptying A Trap By Capillary Attraction
Q. I was requested a few days ago to investigate the cause of a terrible stench, similar to that found in a sewer, which filled the bath-room (which also contained a water-closet) almost to suffocatio...
-As To Safety Of Stop-Cocks On Hot-Water Pipes
Q. Is it safe to put stop-cocks on the hot-water pipes from a boiler, so that in case of bursting pipe, or other reason, water can be shut off? If not, what is the reason, and how can precautions be t...
-How To Burnish Wiped-Joints
Q. I have just finished the fitting-up of a double boiler, and while I work with fine metal and am particular, the owner recommends burnishing the joints. Can you give me any information how to do it?...
-Admission To The New York Trade-Schools
Q. I have read so much about plumbing apprenticeship in your valuable paper that I would like to know under what conditions I could get into the Trade-schools. If you would be kind enough to inform me...
-Irregular Water-Supply
Q. The water-works in my house act so singularly that I would like very much to have the opinion of some of your readers versed in such matters as to the real cause of the trouble before I attempt to ...
-Hot Water From The Cold Faucet, And How To Prevent It
A gentleman from Brooklyn writes to confirm our views in reference to the preceding question, particularly the answer to the second difficulty, which he also experienced and which our hint set him to ...
-Disposal Of Bath And Basin Waste-Water
Q. As a personal favor, will you tell me if there can be any harm in allowing waste-water from bath and wash-basin to run into an open-side cesspool (covered at top), such cesspool being in gravelly g...
-How To Prevent Corrosion Of Tank-Lining
Q. We have a tank lined with copper and supplied with water from a well. There is some substance in the water that causes the solder to corrode. Can you inform us of anything with which we can cover t...
-Number Of Water-Closets Required In A Factory
Q. In putting in water-closets for a large factory in an Eastern city, employing in one large building perhaps 300 hands, about one-half of whom are women, the question arose how many water-closets wo...
-Size Of Basin Wastes And Outlets
Q. What do you consider the proper size for wash-hand basin waste-pipes? Is it well to have so great a difference as is common between the outlet of the basin and the trap? Would not the latter be mor...
-Tar-Coated Water-Pipe Affect Taste Of Water
Q. I desire to use some 8,000 feet 3-inch tar-coated cast-iron pipe to convey water from a mountain spring. Is there any danger of there being any taste of tar in the water? A. There is no danger of ...
-How To Deal With Pollution Of Cellar-Floors
Q. Last winter the water-pipes and the soil-pipe in my house in Brooklyn burst, and after some days we accidentally discovered that water-closet filth had leaked down and saturated a large place in th...
-How To Heat A Bathing-Pool
Q. Will you please inform me how I can heat a bathing-pool, 84 feet long, containing about 72,000 gallons of water, the size of pipe that would be necessary, and how long you think it would take to he...
-Objections To Galvanized Sheet-Iron Soil-Pipe
Q. In a specification with plan, recently published in the Bulletin, for a cheap farm-house and barn, I notice that the architect provides for a 4-inch tile-drain from cesspool to sink, the sink to be...
-How To Prevent Rust In A Suction-Pipe
Q. My pump is situated about sixty feet from the cistern, with a 1-inch iron pipe for suction, but every time the pump is used a large quantity of water has to be wasted, on account of the rust in the...
-Automatic Shut-Off For Gas Pumping-Engines When Tank Is Full
The following inquiry has suggested a description of an automatic arrangement for turning off the gas-supply to a hot-air pumping-engine, recently arranged by Messrs. Pasco & Palmer, plumbers, of this...
-Paint To Protect Tank-Linings
Q. Please inform me of the best mixture of paint to use on lead-lining of tanks. The lining is full of pin-holes, and has only been in use a year. It is lined with 6-pound sheet-lead. The tank is used...
-Vacuum-Valves Not Always Reliable
Q. My inquiry of October 13, to which you now very kindly reply, was prompted by the fact that in a new building fitted with a copper boiler of the best make, supplied with the safe and vacuum valve o...
-Size Of Water-Pipes In A House
Q. Please inform me the size of lead pipes used for cold and for hot supply in an ordinary house with water on three stories. Also, what should be the size of the circulation-pipe as compared with the...
-How To Make Rust-Joints
Q. Please explain the best method of making rust-joints. Are they as good as lead joints? A. They are sometimes used for joints in iron pipe, but are not so certain to be tight as well-calked lead. T...
-Covering For Water-Pipes
Q. A customer of mine would like your opinion as to what covering is the best for lead water-pipes, to prevent freezing. I suggested various things now in use, but he desires me to inquire of you as a...
-Size Of Soil-Pipe For An Ordinary City House
Q. What is the best size of soil-pipe for an ordinary city house, and should not traps be larger than the pipe to allow water to flow through them easily? I have been told they should be. A. Four inc...
-How To Construct A Sunken Reservoir To Hold Two Thousand Gallons
Q. Given a spring on a high hill, in a country of severe winters, how is it best to form a 2,000-gallon reservoir at the spring (to accumulate and to be free from pollution of anything thrown in), and...
-Where To Place Burners To Ventilate Flues By Gas-Jets
Q. I noticed a peculiar and very effective way of ventilating a hopper water-closet and urinal in a Boston store, and I think it would be of interest to your readers. I inclose a sketch of arrangement...
-How To Prevent Water-Hammer
Q. We carry 80-pound pressure, and I have a piece of work of a bath-tub and water-closet. The pipe keeps bursting from water-hammer. I have an air-chamber a foot long connected on top at the bath-tub....
-Why A Hydraulic-Ram Does Not Work
Q. Will you please give me reasons why a hydraulic-ram stops working? The spring is 106 feet from where the ram is set; the feedpipe from spring to ram enters the spring about two feet below the top o...
-Air In Water-Pipes
Q. I would like to have the following question answered: A gentleman in the country has a well on a hill, and he runs a pipe from it to his barn. Now, he says he has to put a pump on every once in a w...
-Proper Size Of Water-Closet Outlets
Q. Will you please inform me what you consider the proper diameter (interior) for a water-closet trap? I find many of the closets of recent make contract the diameter of the trap to three inches, or e...
-Is A Cement Floor Impervious To Air?
Q. Will a cement floor for a cellar allow ground-air to pass through it, bringing in contagion in case the soil is polluted, as it must be in Baltimore, judging from a recent letter in your paper? A....
-Two Traps To A Water-Closet Objectionable
Q. I desire a little information in regard to a method (proposed to me by my plumber) of connecting the waste from wash-basin and bathtub with that from water-closet before piercing the main 4-inch ir...
-Connecting Bath-Wastes To Water-Closet Traps
Q. We have a job of work which was done according to the inclosed plan. We would like you to inform us, if possible, why it is that there should be a smell of sewer-gas through the bath-tub pipe. A is...
-Objections To Leaching Cesspool And Need Of Fresh-Air Inlet
Q. I have a water-closet on the second floor of a country house, with the soil-pipe carried to the roof and ventilated. The waste runs into a closed cesspool some thirty feet distant, with a trap shut...
-The Theory Of The Action Of Field's Syphon
Q. Will you explain the theory of Rogers Field's syphon? The obscure point is the pneumatic action involved, by which the sealing of the long leg of the syphon enables a very small stream to charge it...
-How To Disinfect A Cesspool
Q. Can you tell me any way to get rid of those bugs called Croton bugs, or cockroaches, as they are sometimes called? They seem to appear always where water-pipes are put in, and pay no attention to i...
-Drainage Into Cesspools
Q. An architect of this city directs me to you for some information. I am putting two bath-tubs and three wash-basins in my house, and was about to empty them (the waste-water) into a well about 15 fe...
-Slabs For Pantry-Sinks - Wood Versus Marble
Q. Information on the below-mentioned points is very much desired and will be thankfully appreciated. A client wishes, in altering a butler's pantry, to have the marble slab removed and wood substitut...
-Test For Well-Pollution
Q. A well is so situated with regard to a privy and cesspool that I am persuaded its water is contaminated from those sources. How can I prove it? I think I have read somewhere of a color-test, applie...
-Cesspool For Privy-Vault
Q. Would there be any special objection to using a water-tight cesspool as a privy? This would insure its ventilation. Would it be likely to be offensive to those obliged to use it? It is 136 feet fro...
-Corrosion Of Lead Lining
Q. I am at work on a lead-lined tank, which is used only in the summer season. In the fall the water is allowed to run out, and it remains empty over winter, but in running out there remains about hal...
-Size Of Flush-Tank To Deal With Sewage Of A Small Hospital
Q. What should be the dimensions of the flush-tank and settling-basin for disposing of the sewage of a hospital of twenty-five beds by subsurface irrigation? A. We should make each about five feet di...
-Details Of The Construction Of A House-Tank
The tanks are on the top floors, and are built with a view to distribute the weight evenly over a great many joists, and for this reason they are but five feet wide by fourteen feet in length, the dep...
-The Construction Of A Cistern Under A House
Q. Will you have the kindness to give me your opinion as to the best manner of remedying the following? A party has a cistern under his house. A brick floor and the foundation-walls cemented forms thi...
-How To Protect Lead Lining Of A Tank, And Cause Of Sweating
Q. What is considered the best receipt for coating a lead-lined tank to preserve the lead and prevent sweating? A. Pure waters act upon lead more energetically than those containing carbonates. Water...
-Stains On Marble
Q. I often hear plumbers speak of finding stains on marble wash-stands or toilet-stands which they cannot remove or give a suitable explanation for. I have been told the cause in some instances is fro...
-Lightning Striking Soil-Pipes
Q. I would like to have your opinion regarding the extra danger from lightning where cast-iron or wrought-iron pipes are run through the roof of a building for vent-pipes. Is there not more danger of ...
-Will The Contents Of A Cesspool Freeze?
Q. In this climate, what is the average temperature of sewage in cold weather? and would an intercepting cesspool be liable to freeze under the following conditions: Cesspool or grease-trap, to interc...
-Bad-Tasting Water From A Coil
Q. I have been asked to try to remove a cause of bad-tasting water from a cooler. My doctor got a plumber to put a 3/8-inch galvan-ized-pipe coil in his ice-box, to be used for drinking-water purposes...
-How To Fit Sheet-Lead In A Large Tank
Q. To settle a dispute, will you inform me, if it is not too much trouble, the proper way lead should be fitted in a tank for wiped seams in the corners? A. Much depends on size of tank and weight of...
-Miscellaneous
A. At Mr ---------request we gave our opinion on the proper way lead should be fitted in a tank for wiped seams. After having asked for and received our reply, Mr. --------- sends us his own views, as...
-Why Water Is "Milky" When First Drawn
Q. What is the cause of water when it is first drawn being just as white and thick as milk, but if you let a tumblerful of it stand for about one minute it will become as clear as you could wish? It l...
-Material For Water Service-Pipes
Q. I send with this the engineer's report upon our water-works, not yet completed. All things considered, is there anything better than the lead pipes for tapping the mains? I understand that these on...
-Carving-Tables
Q. I have arranged several steam or carving tables, to heat the water by running a pipe through a range, as shown in the inclosed sketch, but in every case the carving-table has been on the floor abov...
-Is Galvanized Pipe Dangerous For Soft Spring-Water?
Q. Can you give me any opinion as to danger of water-poisoning from the use of galvanized pipes for soft spring-water? A. We referred this question to Prof. William Ripley Nichols, whom we consider a...
-How To Arrange Hush-Pipes In Cisterns To Prevent Syphoning Water Through Ball-Cock
Q. In a recent number of your valuable paper, Mr. J. W. Hughes, of Montreal, objects to a hush-pipe in water-closet cisterns, as it forms a syphon when the supply-pipe is full. Will it? He recommends ...
-Depth Of Foundations To Prevent Dampness Of Site
Q. How deep below foundations should drains be laid around a building to prevent dampness of site? A. At least two feet below the foundation-walls. ...
-Where To Place A Tank To Get Good Discharge At Faucet
Q. How little difference in elevation can exist between the top of cold-water tank and hot-water faucet and maintain a good delivery at said faucet, the two being in the same room and connected throug...
-Self-Acting Water-Closets
Q. Will you be kind enough to help a young man who is puzzled? I would like to find out how to rig up a self-acting water-closet, one that will flush when the door is opened. I do not understand how t...
-Wind Disturbing Seal Of Trap
Q. Some time ago I had the soil-pipe of my house ventilated through the roof, capped with an ordinary cowl, and the old filthy pan-closet removed. I put in place of it an improved form of hopper-clos...
-How To Draw Water From A Deep Well
Q. Can a pump be got that is workable by one man to draw water from a well 100 feet deep; and, if not, what is the greatest depth such a pump will draw, and where obtained? A. The pump-bucket must no...
-Cause Of Smell Of Well-Water
Q. Please explain to me the cause of water smelling bad for two or three months at a time, which is pumped from a cistern through gal-vanized-iron gas-pipe previous to showing the bad odor? The water ...
-Absorption Of Light By Gas-Globes
Q. I was reading the other day of the different globes for gas-fixtures and their loss of diffusion, and it stated as follows: A plain glass globe they say loses 12 per cent., a ground glass globe 40 ...
-Defective Drainage
Q. Enclosed please find diagram of our office, with drainage arrangements, which are defective to the extent that at times we are almost driven from the building on account of foul gases. Any suggesti...
-Fitting Basins To Marble Slabs
Q. Will you explain the usual method adopted in New York to fit a basin to marble slabs? A. The following, from the articles by Sanitas on Plumbing Practice, in Volume IV. of the Sanitary Enginee...
-Intermediate Tanks For The Water-Supply Of High Buildings
The extraordinary height of many of our office buildings and apartment-houses is such that water forced to a tank at or near the roof and distributed downward has a pressure altogether too great for m...
-How To Construct A Filtering-Cistern
Q. Will you please favor me with the most approved plan for constructing a filtering-cistern, and dimensions therefor, for a family of five or six persons? The owner of the dwelling desires to use rai...
-Automatic Cistern-Filters
Wherever rain-water is the main-supply for family use, some means of cutting off decaying dirt from the roof, so as not to foul the cistern, should be the first consideration, that we may have water ...
-Objections To Running Ventilating-Pipe Into Chimney-Flue
Q. Again I will trouble you in regard to a question. I am about to fit a water-closet up in a bath-room, and I want to run the 4-inch pipe to the roof and put a cap on it, but the owner wants it run i...
-Size Of Water-Supply Pipe For Dwelling-House
Q. How large water-pipes ought I to have in a house where there are six wash-basins, two water-closets and baths, with kitchen-sinks, laundry-tubs, etc.? Will the size of hot and cold water pipes be t...
-Faulty Plan Of A Cesspool
Q. What do you think of the following arrangement, to be used as a cesspool where there is a city water-supply but no sewer? The outer walls to be laid in hydraulic-cement; the central partition to b...
-Connecting Refrigerator-Wastes With Drains
Q. I have frequently read your warnings about connecting refrigerator-wastes to the drain, so I had mine arranged as shown by the accompanying sketch, which may interest some of your readers and call ...
-Disposing Of Refrigerator-Wastes
Q. In your issue of January 12, 1882, we notice an article from Architect, regarding the draining of refrigerators, and your offer to print methods adopted by others of your readers. We herewith han...
-Pumping Air From Water-Closet Into Tea-Kettle As Result Of Direct Supply To Water-Closets
Q. I now live in a house in which the plumbing was finished last July and passed by the Board of Health Inspector. On the second floor is a valve pan-closet. This valve is supplied direct from the ris...
-Danger In Connecting Tank-Overflows With Soil-Pipes
Q. I find it is very common to connect overflows from tanks with soil-pipes and leaders, putting a trap at some point, which, however, has no means of being kept supplied with water, as the overflow i...
-Arrangement Of Safe-Wastes
The arrangement shown in Figure 80 was carried out by Mr. Alexander Orr, plumber, in the residence of Mr. Henry G. Marquand, New York City. Figure 80. It is a view in the cellar where the safe-wa...
-The Kind Of Men Who Do Not Like The "Sanitary Engineer."
I have read your paper since its first issue and take a great deal of interest in its contents. I have endeavored to get you some subscribers from among the plumbers here in Bridgeport, but find they ...
-What Is Reasonable Plumbers' Profit
Q. I was told that in some of the earlier issues of the Sanitary Engineer there was an article explaining the percentage a plumber should get on the cost of materials in order to make a fair profit, a...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Bath Boilers
The following chapter on Bath Boilers is taken from the series of articles entitled Plumbing Practice, by Sanitas, that appeared m the fourth and fifth volumes of the Sanitary Engineer. With th...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Bath Boilers. Part 2
Figure 82. Figure 83. By extracts taken from the English papers, I notice that the bursting of hot-water boilers, as they are there called, has been very frequent this winter, and in several cas...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Bath Boilers. Part 3
Having described the various methods of fitting up hot-water boilers in England, and have also given a description of a plan in vogue in Canada, I shall now refer to the various methods adopted in the...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Bath Boilers. Part 4
Figure 90. Figure 91. Figure 93 shows the ordinary method of fitting up a hot-water boiler in Boston. A represents the range with its water-back. B is a copper circulating-boiler. They seldom ha...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Bath Boilers. Continued
Note An illustration of a reverse attachment, which is sometimes used in connection with the double boiler by steam, is given in Figures 95 and 96, and its functions explained. The reverse attachmen...
-Setting Horizontal Boilers
Much information has been given from time to time of the best way to run the circulating-pipes between a water-back and boiler; but the proper position in the boiler for the pipe-connections does not ...
-How To Secure Circulation Between Boilers In Different Houses
Q. I have a customer that occupies two separate houses adjoining, as shown in sketch. House No. 1, kitchen is only used to do laundry-work in; the range is heated up about three days in a week. House ...
-Connecting One Boiler With Two Ranges
Q. I noticed in your paper of December 8,1881, a method of fitting up a boiler with two ranges, so as to be heated from either or both at once, and herewith send you a drawing of another and better ma...
-Taking Return Below Boiler
Q. I think the plumber is right and you are wrong about your advice to Mr.---------, when you say you can carry the return below the floor and then rise to the boiler and have circulation. If he does ...
-Trouble With Boiler
Q. I have recently had a job of plumbing completed here. Have in kitchen a 40-gallon galvanized-iron boiler; the cold supply comes to within twelve inches of bottom of boiler. The connections to water...
-An Ignorant Way Of Dealing With A Kitchen-Boiler
Q. I put in a square boiler, holding about 25 to 30 gallons, in a country place, where it has to be filled with water from the top by the pailful. Now, the cold water passes through pipe No. 2 and thr...
-Returning Into Hot-Water Supply-Pipe
Q. I propose to put in my house a circulation-pipe, attached to the range as follows: A, cold-water supply from street; B, hot water from boiler supplying several fixtures in basement; C, hot-water s...
-Where Should Sediment-Pipe From Boiler Be Connected With Waste-Pipe?
Q. Do you think it proper to connect the sediment-pipe of a kitchen-boiler directly to a soil or waste pipe? A. If the sink-trap is below the floor it is better to run the pipe in above it. If not, w...
-Several Flow-Pipes And One Circulation-Pipe
Q. I find it necessary to run three distinct riser-pipes from kitchen-boiler to the second and third floors. Can I secure a circulation by running a single return-pipe having branches connecting with ...
-How To Run Pipes From Water-Back To Boiler
Q. Inclosed I send you the plan of a house I have just fitted up with a circulating-boiler. The boiler is set about four feet above the range in a closet. Now, the landlord has built a summer kitchen,...
-Hot-Water Circulation When Pipes From Boiler Pass Under The Floor
Q. I inclose drawing of boiler, pipes, and tank. I saw in the Sanitary Engineer of April 19, 1883, a plan for circulating, which I mark Figure 109. I have tried the plan, but it will not work. I then ...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Heating A Room From Water-Back
Q. Would it be practicable to use a circulation system from a kitchen-boiler to heat a small adjoining dining-room? If so, would it be necessary to increase the size of boiler and range, which are, if...
-The Operation Of Vacuum And Safety Valves
Q. What is the principle on which the safety and vacuum valve on top of a boiler acts, and how should it be set? A. A vacuum-valve on a kitchen-boiler is intended to prevent the collapse of the boi...
-Preventing Collapse Of Boilers
Q. What precautions can be taken against the collapse of kitchen-boilers, when water is drawn off in the street-mains? A. Put out the fire in the range and close the stop-cock in the service-pipes, s...
-Collapse Of A Boiler
Q. In drawing the water from plumbing fixtures, arranged as follows, or similar to Figure 112, the boiler collapsed. Was the syphon enough to do it, or could there have been another cause? The circum...
-Hot Water Circulation In Buildings Explosion Of Water-Backs
Q. The excessively cold weather of this winter is giving the usual trouble in regard to the freezing of pipes from boilers to water-backs. Lately in Chicago the explosion of a water-back was attended ...
-A Proposed Precaution Against Water-Back Explosions
Q. The usual catalogue of accidents from exploding water-backs, caused by freezing, has begun to appear in the papers. This suggests to me whether there is not a simple expedient by which the servants...
-The Bursting Of Kitchen-Boilers And Connecting-Pipes
Q. I have a boiler connected with a stove which causes a terrible rumbling whenever they draw water from the cold faucet, and it is bound to burst the pipe or boiler somewhere. Connections are all hea...
-Giving-Out Of Lead Vent-Pipes From Boilers In An Apartment-House
Q. The accompanying sketch, Figure 115, shows the arrangement of six bath-boiler systems in a building in New York, constructed to rent in separate stories or flats. We would like the views of other p...
-Connecting A Kitchen-Boiler With One Or More Water-Backs
It frequently happens that the kitchen-boiler must be connected with two or more ranges. Sometimes the reason is that the water-back in a laundry-range must be connected with it for the purpose of get...
-Connecting A Kitchen-Boiler With Water-Backs. Part 2
The effect of this is to make a great dip or trap in the return-pipe. To have it circulate at all, the sum of the weight of water for a given height in the two flow-pipes - that is, the pipe from the ...
-Connecting A Kitchen-Boiler With One Or More Water-Backs. Part 3
It now and then happens that a plumber has to connect two boilers with one water-back. This, on general principles, he is opposed to doing, but it frequently happens that the maker of a range objects ...
-New Method Of Heating Two Boilers By One Water-Back
Q. Is there not some arrangement by which two boilers can be heated from one water-back? A. Figure 127 (page 184) illustrates a new method of warming two boilers from a single water-back, each boiler...
-Plan Of Horizontal Hot-Water Boiler
Colonel James Tucker, of Boston, furnished us with the plan, Figure 128 (see page 186), and description of the method he adopted in fitting up a horizontal boiler in a house near Boston, which we take...
-Hot Water Supply In Various Buildings Kitchen And Hot Water Supply In The Residence Of Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt, New York
The following extract is taken from the articles on the plumbing in this house that appeared in the sixth volume of the Sanitary Engineer: Figure 129 represents a portion of the kitchen, showing the ...
-Hot Water Supply In Buildings
All the stop-cocks have removable handles. They are not kept on as shown in the illustration, but were put on, with the handles at right angles with the pipes, to show them more clearly. From each is ...
-Kitchen And Hot Water Supply In The Residence Of Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt, New York
The following extract is from the description of the sanitary-arrangements in the residence of Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt, New York, in the seventh volume of the Sanitary Engineer: The kitchen in this ...
-Kitchen And Hot Water Supply In The Residence Of Mr. Henry G. Marquand, New York
The following extract, showing only the kitchen, is from the description of the plumbing in the residence of Mr. H. G. Marquand, New York. Richard M. Hunt was the architect, and Alexander Orr the plum...
-Kitchen And Hot Water Supply In The Residence Of Mr. A. J. White
Figure 132 shows another arrangement of a kitchen, and is in use in the residence of Mr. A. J. White, Fifth Avenue, New York City. The kitchen is situated in a bay fronting on Sixty-sixth Street, the...
-Hot Water Supply In An Office Building
From the article describing the plumbing of the Duncan Office Building, in New York, in the seventh volume of the Sanitary Engineer, we take the following, which refers to the hot-water supply: The f...
-Kitchen And Hot Water Supply In The Residence Of Mr. Sidney Webster
The following is taken from the Sanitary Engineer of December 4, 1883: Our illustration, Figure 134, shows the novel arrangement of high and low pressure boilers in the residence of Mr. Sidney Webste...
-Plumbing And Water-Supply In The Residence Of Mr. H. H. Cook
The following extracts, referring to features connected with the hot and cold water-supply in the residence of Mr. H. H. Cook, of New York, are taken from Volume X. of the Sanitary Engineer: Figure 1...
-The Construction Of Turkish And Russian Baths
The following description of the Turkish baths at Nos. 16 and 18 Lafayette Place, New York, designed by Mr. Paul J. Schoen, architect, is taken from the Sanitary Engineer of October 18, 1883: The bui...
-Form Of Plumbing Specification For An Isolated Country House
Plttmbing Specification For An Isolated Country House In A Populous District, Valued At $20,000; Supplied With Water From Corporation Pipes And Discharging House-waste Into A Flush-tank And Subsurface...
-Form Of Plumbing Specification For Isolated Country Houses. Part 2
Slop-Hopper Furnish and fit up as shown on plan one slop-hopper. [Specify the kind and make of hopper, and cistern, if such is required.] If cistern is to be made by plumber give details as above for...
-Plumbing Specification For An Isolated Country House. Part 3
Note If grease-trap is used, the waste from sink to be connected to grease-trap and not to the iron waste-pipe. Grease-Trap Furnish and set where shown on plan grease-trap. [Here state whether it i...
-Plumbing Specification For An Isolated Country House. Part 4
Note This tank is not intended as a storage-reservoir, but is used principally to supply boiler and fixtures [except kitchen and pantry sinks] at a steady, moderate pressure. Boiler Furnish and fit...
-General Requirements
Earthen Drain Earthen pipe to be without hubs or bells; pipe lengths to be perfectly straight, truly cylindrical, hard-burnt, and not less than three-fourths inch thick. Pipe to be laid with a fall o...
-General Requirements. Part 2
Pipe-Joints All joints of iron pipe to be thoroughly calked with oakum and molten lead. Joints between cast-iron and lead pipe to be made with brass or copper ferrules. If of brass, ferrules to be ca...
-General Requirements. Part 3
Air-Chambers No cock to be placed at the end of a line of pipe, but the supply-pipe to be extended so as to provide an air-chamber in each case. (See Figure 146.) Traps All traps for fixtures to be...
-Appendix
Text Of Plumbing Laws And Regulations In Force In New York, Brooklyn, And Boston, May, 1885 New York. The Registration Of Plumbers, And The Law And Regulations Governing The Plumbing And Drainage Of ...
-Rules And Regulations
For the Registration of Plumbers, and relating to Plans and Specifications for Plumbing and Drainage, Adopted by the Board of Health of the City of New York, in accordance with Chapter 450, Laws of 18...
-Rules And Regulations. Part 2
16. No brick, sheet-metal, earthenware, or chimney-flue shall be used as a sewer-ventilator, nor to ventilate any trap, drain, soil, or waste pipe. 17. Every vertical soil-pipe and waste-pipe must be...
-Rules And Regulations. Part 3
43. The overflow-pipes from water-closet cisterns must discharge into an open sink, or where its discharge will attract attention and indicate that waste of water is occurring, but not into the bowl o...
-Construction Of Work Soil-Pipe
IX. The main sewer-pipe must have a fall of at least one-half inch to the foot. When practicable it must be run on the cellar-wall, securely fastened thereto, and must in such case be of iron. When it...
-Waste-Pipes
XIV. All waste or soil pipes must be continued, full bore, above the roof, without return bend, and provided with a wire screen at top. Lead pipe may be used for horizontal lines two inches or less in...
-Traps
XVIII. Every wash-basin, bath-tub, sink, urinal, water-closet, or other fixture -connected with the sewer-pipe of any building shall be separately trapped as close to the fixture as possible. Water-se...
-Water-Closets, Privies, Etc
XX. On Streets that ate Sewered. - All buildings that are located upon a street in which a public sewer exists must be provided with water-closets, either in the house or yard; privy-vaults will not b...
-City Of Boston. Ordinance For The Regulation Of Plumbing
Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Boston as follows: Section 1. No person shall carry on the business of plumbing unless he shall have first registered his name and place of business ...
-City Of Boston. Ordinance For The Regulation Of Plumbing. Continued
Note All plumbing shafts shall be constructed of non-combustible material. Packing must be of mineral wool or other non-combustible material satisfactory to the inspector; all cutting of timber, head...
-Announcement
We desire to call the attention of our readers to the above heading, under which we invite questions on all matters of general interest to the engineer, the architect, the mechanic or the municipal of...
-Press Comments
Questions addressed to the editor of the Engineering and Building Record and the Sanitary Engineer, by persons in the employ of new water-works, indicated to him that a short series of practical arti...
-Good Work At Fair Prices
The Iron-Clad Double-Riveted Range Boilers, Galvanized. As good as the Best, and as Cheap as the Cheapest. As we manufacture all the parts, do our own galvanizing, and all other work pertainin...
-Good Work At Fair Prices. Continued
Radiators And Heaters A woman's method of regulating a radiator (covering it with a cosey). Improper position of radiator-valves. Hot-water radiator for private houses. Remedying air-binding of bo...
-Miscellaneous Questions
Applying traps to gravity steam-apparatus. Expansion of brass and iron pipe. Connecting steam and return risers at their tops. Power used in running hydraulic elevators. On melting snow in the streets...
-Water-Waste Prevention: Its Importance and the Evils Due to its Neglect
With an account of the Methods adopted in various Cities in Great Britain and the United States. By Henry C. Meyer, Editor of the The Engineering & Building Record. With an Appendix. Extract from P...
-A Collection Of Diagrams Representing the General Plan of Twenty-Six Different Water-works
, Contributed by Members of the New England Water-Works Association, And Compiled by a Committee. 1887 Introduction Office of Secretary, New Bedford, Mass., November 1, 1887. This collection of dia...
-Illustration Index
Plate I Boston, Mass. II. - Burlington, Vt. III. - Cambridge, Mass. IV. - Fall River, Mass. V. - Fitchburg, Mass. ,, VI Knoxville, Tenn. VII Lawrence, Mass. VIII Manchester, N. H. ...
-The Principles Of Ventilation And Heating And Their Practical Application
By John S. Billings, M. D., LL.D. (Edinb.), Surgeon U. S. Army. Profusely Illustrated. This interesting and valuable series of papers, originally published in The Sanitary Engineer, have been re-arra...
-Books on Plumbing
The following will indicate the character of the subject-matter: Expense of Ventilation - Difference Between Perfect and Ordinary Ventilation - Relations of Carbonic Acid to the Subject - Methods o...
-Books on Plumbing. Part 2
Vital Statistics By Dr. John S. Billings, Surgeon U. S. Army. A series of original and suggestive papers. Steam-Fitting And Steam-Heating By Thermus. A series of illustrated articles on moden pra...
-Books on Plumbing. Part 3
Vital Statistics Several valuable papers by Dr. J. S. Billings, on the computation of these Statistics. Numerous important articles on the Adulteration of Food. Improved Tenement-Houses As A Busine...
-Books on Plumbing. Part 4
Correspondence Containing a great variety of inquiries and replies by the best obtainable authorities on Practical Questions affecting House-construction, Plumbing, Water-supply, Heating, Ventilation...







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